Quetta railway station (Urdu: کوئٹہ ریلوے اسٹیشن ) is located in the middle of Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. Quetta is connected to Lahore by a 727-mile-long (1,170 km) railway line. Similarly, it is also connected by rail with Peshawar (986 miles (1,587 km)) and Karachi (536 miles (863 km)). It is also connected by railway with Zahedan, a city in neighboring Iran.
Quetta was considered as an important strategic destination during British Raj. Britain always considered Russians as a threat to its rule in the Indian sub-continent that they might advance from Afghanistan into Quetta and thereby threatening its rule in India. It was the year 1857 when the idea was suggested by William Andrew (Chairman of Scinde, Punjab and Delhi Railway) that the railways to the Bolan Pass would have strategic role in responding to any threat by Russia. During the second Afghan War (1878-80) between Britain and Afghanistan, a new urgency was needed to construct a Railway line up to Quetta in order to get easier access to the frontier. On 18 September 1879, under the orders of Viceroy council, work begun on laying the railway tracks and after four months the first 134 miles (215 km) of line from Ruk to Sibi was completed and become operational in January 1880. Beyond Sibi the terrain was very difficult. After immense difficulties and harsh weather conditions, it was March 1887 when the railway line of over 200 miles (320 km) reached Quetta.