Queued Telecommunications Access Method

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Queued Telecommunications Access Method (QTAM) is an IBM System/360 communications access method incorporating built-in queuing. QTAM was an alternative to the lower level Basic Telecommunications Access Method (BTAM) access method

History[edit]

QTAM was announced by IBM in 1965 as part of OS/360 and DOS/360 aimed at inquiry and data collection. As announced it also supported remote job entry (RJE) applications, called job processing, which was dropped by 1968. Originally QTAM supported the IBM 1030 Data Collection System, IBM 1050 Data Communications System, the IBM 1060 Data Communications System, AT&T 83B2 Selective Calling Stations, Western Union Plan 115A Outstations, and AT&T Teletype Model 33 or 35 Teletypewriters. By 1968 terminal support had expanded to include the IBM 2260 display complex, and the IBM 2740 communications terminal.[1]:p.8

QTAM devices were attached to a System/360 multiplexor channel through an IBM 2701 Data Adapter or IBM 2702 Transmission Control.[2] By 1968 support for the IBM 2703 Transmission Control Unit had been added.[1]:p.8

QTAM was succeeded by TCAM which provided roughly similar facilities, but was not supported under DOS.[3]

Structure[edit]

QTAM consisted of a Message Control Program (MCP) and zero or more Message Processing Programs (MPP). The MCP handled communications with the terminals, identified input messages and started MPPs to process them as required. This is similar in concept to the much later internet service daemon (inetd) in unix and other systems.

The MCP was assembled by the user installation from a set of macros supplied by IBM. These macros defined the lines and terminals comprising the system, the datasets required, and the procedures used to process received and transmitted messages.[1]:pp.31-93

The MPPs, incorporating logic to process the various messages, were supplied by the installation, and used standard OS/360 data management macros OPEN, CLOSE, GET, and PUT. PL/I included the TRANSIENT file declaration attribute to allow MPPs to be written in a high-level language.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c IBM Corporation. IBM System/360 Operating System Queued Telecommunications Access Method-Message Control Program. 
  2. ^ IBM Corporation (1965). IBM Operating System/360 Telecommunications: Preliminary Specifications. 
  3. ^ IBM Corporation (1971). OS Conversion Guide from QTAM or BTAM to TCAM. 

Other sources[edit]

  • IBM, IBM System/360 Disk Operating System--QTAM Message Processing Program Services, C30-5003. 
  • IBM, IBM System/360 Disk Operating System QTAM Message Control Program, C30-5004.