|Place of origin||France|
|Main ingredients||Custard, cheese, meat, seafood, vegetables|
Quiche (// KEESH) is a savoury, open-faced pastry crust with a filling of savoury custard with cheese, meat, seafood, and/or vegetables. Quiche can be served hot or cold. It is part of French cuisine but is also popular in other countries, particularly as party food.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word came to English from the French quiche (first recorded in 1805); any further etymology is uncertain but may be related to the German Kuchen meaning "cake" or "tart".
Although considered a classic French dish, the quiche originated in Germany. However, custards in pastry were known in English cuisine at least as early as the 14th century. Recipes for custards baked in pastry containing meat, fish and fruit are referred to Crustardes of flessh and Crustade in the 14th-century The Forme of Cury and in 15th-century cookbooks as well.
Quiche has a pastry crust and a filling of eggs and milk or cream which, when baked, becomes a custard.
Quiche lorraine (named for the Lorraine region of France) is a popular variant that was originally an open pie with a filling of custard with smoked bacon or lardons. It was only later that cheese was added to the quiche lorraine.
There are many variants of quiche, including a wide variety of ingredients. Variants may be named descriptively, often in French, e.g. quiche au fromage (quiche with cheese) and quiche aux champignons (quiche with mushrooms) or conventionally, e.g. florentine (spinach) and provençale (tomatoes).
In popular culture
- Bruce Feirstein's 1982 bestseller Real Men Don't Eat Quiche attempts to humorously stereotype quiche as a feminine food in the context of American culture.
- "Quiche Lorraine" is a song from the band The B-52's, which appears on their 1980 album Wild Planet.
- In the comic series Bone, one of the rat-creature characters continually states that he wants to cook Fone Bone in a quiche.
- The Red Dwarf episode "Polymorph" contains a scene in which Arnold Rimmer wears a t-shirt which states "Give Quiche a Chance" after having all his anger sucked out of him.
- "Quiche Lorraine" was the name of one of the minor characters in the comic strip Bloom County.
- Oxford English Dictionary, OUP 2015. Accessed 12 February 2015.
- Quiche, Centre Nationale de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales. Accessed 12 February 2015.
This source also notes the first reference to 1805, in J.-J. Lionnois, Hist. des villes vieille et neuve de Nancy..., Nancy, t. 1, p. 80
- Hieatt, Constance, and Sharon Butler. Curye on Inglysch: English culinary manuscripts of the fourteenth century (including the forme of cury). London, EETS SS 8, 1985.
- Austin, Thomas, ed. Two Fifteenth-Century Cookery Books. London, EETS OS 91, 1888, repr. 1964.
- Julia Child, 'Mastering the Art of French Cooking' (New York: Knopf, 1967), p. 147. ISBN 978-0-394-40152-2
- Ange, E., & Aratow, P. (2005). La bonne cuisine de Madame E. Saint-Ange: the original companion for French home cooking. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press.
- Nathan, J. (2010). Quiches, Kugels, and Couscous: my search for Jewish cooking in France. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
- "Definition of quiche by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia". Thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Quiche Origins, History & Recipes". Foodreference.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
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