Quilpie, Queensland

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Quilpie
Queensland
Brolga Street, Quilpie.JPG
Brolga St, the main street of Quilpie
Quilpie is located in Queensland
Quilpie
Quilpie
Coordinates 26°37′S 144°16′E / 26.617°S 144.267°E / -26.617; 144.267Coordinates: 26°37′S 144°16′E / 26.617°S 144.267°E / -26.617; 144.267
Population 574 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 4480
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Quilpie
State electorate(s) Gregory
Federal Division(s) Maranoa
Localities around Quilpie:
Eromanga Adavale Adavale
Eromanga Quilpie Humeburn
Norley Norley Yowah

Quilpie (/ˈkwɪlpi/ KWIL-pee) is a town and a locality situated in the Channel Country of South West Queensland, Australia.[2][3] The town is the administrative centre of the Quilpie Shire local government area. In the 2011 census, Quilpie had a population of 574 people.[1]

The economy of the area is based on the grazing and mining industries. The area has one of the largest deposits of boulder opal in the world, and also has extensive deposits of gas and oil.

Geography[edit]

Situated on the banks of the Bulloo River and on the Diamantina Developmental Road, it is 208 kilometres (129 mi) west of Charleville, and 980 kilometres (610 mi) west of the state capital, Brisbane. Quilpie is the administrative centre of the Quilpie Shire, which at the 2006 census had a population of 986.[4] Other townships in the shire include Adavale and Eromanga.

At the 2006 census, Quilpie had a population of 560, a decline from the 2001 census population of 645.[4][5] Around 14% of the population of Quilpie identity as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander and around 1% were born outside Australia.[4]

History[edit]

Quilpie was gazetted as a town in 1917 owing to the railway that was laid down from Brisbane.[6] The town is believed to lie on the border of the Bunthamurra and Mardgany Indigenous Australian tribal areas.[7]

The local government centre was previously Adavale within Adavale Shire, but this was moved to Quilpie with the availability of rail transport and the name change to Quilpie Shire.[8] It takes its name from the Indigenous Australian word for stone curlew, quilpeta.[2][3][9] The first post office was opened in 1921. Two years later the telephone reached Quilpie and in 1927 the first court house in the town was established.[8]

A fire destroyed a block of the main street in 1926.[8] With no town water the residents watched helplessly. A bore was sunk into the Great Artesian Basin in 1933. It provided drinking water for the town and for a period between 1952 to 1963 the hot water was used to generate electricity for the town.[8]

At the 2006 census, Quilpie had a population of 560.[4]

Economy[edit]

The area is wholly devoted to grazing. Boulder opal, oil and gas mining are major secondary industries for the local economy. The majority of the employees of these industries are local residents, with low rates of both unemployment and itinerant work.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The most common species of trees in the district are:[10]

There are a large range of animals (including reptiles and insects) that are can be found in the area including:

Facilities and services[edit]

Quilpie residents enjoy free access to many amenities including the town library, swimming pool, golf course, museum, sports grounds, an air-conditioned hall and supper room etc. There are well stocked stores and plenty of attractions for visitors with displays of opals and the works of local artists and as well as an information centre. The Brick Hotel[11] has been restored to house displays of opal and art and provide a community learning space.[12]

Quilpie State School was founded in 1918. The school began offering secondary education in 1966 and now operates as a P-10 school.[13]

Climate[edit]

Quilpie has a semi-arid climate with hot summers and mild, spring-like winters.

Climate data for Quilpie
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.1
(116.8)
45.5
(113.9)
42.9
(109.2)
38.4
(101.1)
34.5
(94.1)
32.1
(89.8)
29.4
(84.9)
37.0
(98.6)
40.1
(104.2)
43.8
(110.8)
44.9
(112.8)
46.1
(115)
47.1
(116.8)
Average high °C (°F) 37.0
(98.6)
35.6
(96.1)
33.4
(92.1)
29.2
(84.6)
24.0
(75.2)
20.4
(68.7)
20.1
(68.2)
22.7
(72.9)
27.1
(80.8)
31.1
(88)
34.0
(93.2)
36.1
(97)
29.2
(84.6)
Average low °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
20.5
(68.9)
15.7
(60.3)
10.9
(51.6)
7.4
(45.3)
6.1
(43)
7.7
(45.9)
11.7
(53.1)
16.1
(61)
19.6
(67.3)
22.2
(72)
15.4
(59.7)
Record low °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
13.3
(55.9)
9.6
(49.3)
3.5
(38.3)
1.0
(33.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.1
(35.8)
5.4
(41.7)
8.6
(47.5)
12.3
(54.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 52.6
(2.071)
50.7
(1.996)
43.3
(1.705)
24.8
(0.976)
26.9
(1.059)
20.0
(0.787)
16.7
(0.657)
12.5
(0.492)
14.0
(0.551)
21.6
(0.85)
30.9
(1.217)
34.5
(1.358)
348.7
(13.728)
Avg. precipitation days 4.8 4.5 3.9 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.2 2.5 3.6 4.1 4.5 40.9
Source: [14]

Events[edit]

The Pride of the West festival is held in September every year.[15]

Notable people from Quilpie[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Quilpie Post Office in 2007 
Quilpie Visitors Centre and regional art gallery 
Quilpie Shire Hall 
Rainbow over Quilpie - view from behind the Art Gallery 
Quilpie public art in the main street 
Quilpie Public Library 
Quilpie Hotel 
Development Road into Quilpie. 
The Imperial Hotel under construction, c.1925 
A Brisbane tourist's car being trucked to Quilpie railhead, 1952 
Drinking at the bar of the Quilpie Hotel, c.1921 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Quilpie (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Quilpie (town) (entry 27822)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Quilpie (locality) (entry 42939)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Quilpie (S) (Local Government Area)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Tambo (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Walkabout - Quilpie
  7. ^ Jenkins, Lesley (January 2001). Lure of the Land: A Brief History of the Quilpie Shire. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2002). Heritage Trails of the Queensland Outback. State of Queensland. pp. 104–105. ISBN 0-7345-1040-3. 
  9. ^ http://www.exploreaustralia.net.au/Queensland/Outback/Quilpie
  10. ^ Quilpie Shire Council, "Tracks and Facts of Quilpie Shire" 2011 p. 13
  11. ^ The pub with no beer
  12. ^ Community Learning Space
  13. ^ "School History". Quilpie State School. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "Climate statistics for Quilpie". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.quilpiediggers.com/pride-of-the-west-quilpie

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Quilpie, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons