Quinault Indian Nation

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Quinault Indian Nation
Bandera Quinault.PNG
Quinault Indian Nation flag
Total population
2,535 enrolled members (1999)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Washington)
Languages
English, formerly Quinault,[2] Quileute, Cowlitz, Chinook
Religion
traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups
other Quinault, Queets, Quileute, Hoh, Chehalis, Cowlitz, and Chinook people[3]

The Quinault Indian Nation (/kwɨˈnɒlt/ or /kwɨˈnɔːlt/; QIN), formerly known as the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation, is a federally recognized tribe of Quinault, Queets, Quileute, Hoh, Chehalis, Chinook, and Cowlitz people.[4] They are a Southwestern Coast Salish people of indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.[5] Their tribe is located in Washington.

Reservation[edit]

Map of Quinault traditional tribal territory and reservation
In 1970, Quinault children planted 10,000 fir trees, photo by Gene Daniels of the EPA

The Quinault Reservation was founded in 1855.[6] The reservation is 208,150-acres large and includes 23 miles of Pacific coastline,[4] located on the southwestern corner of the Olympic Peninsula. The reservation is in Grays Harbor and Jefferson Counties, 45 miles east of Hoquiam, Washington.[1]

Government[edit]

The Quinault Indian Nation is headquartered in Taholah, Washington. They ratified their bylaws on 24 August 1922 and their constitution in 1975.[4] The tribe is governed by an eleven-member Tribal Council, or "Business Committee," which is democratically elected by the adult tribal membership (the General Council) at regular annual meetings. The current tribal administration is as follows:

  • Chairman: Fawn Sharp
  • Vice chairman: Gina James
  • Treasurer: Larry Ralston
  • Secretary: Latosha Underwood
  • 1st councilmen: Tyson Johnston
  • 2nd councilmen: James Sellers
  • 3rd councilmen: Lucretia Pope
  • 4th councilmen: Aliza Brown
  • 5th councilmen: Dawneen Delecruz
  • 6th councilmen: Clarinda "Pies" Underwood
  • 7th councilmen: Roland Mason.[3]

Enrollment to the Quinault Indian Tribe requires a minimum blood quantum of one-fourth of any combination of the seven member tribes. Descendents with lower than one-fourth blood quantum can apply to be adopted into the tribe.[3]

Language[edit]

English is commonly spoken by the tribe. Formerly tribal members spoke Quileute, Cowlitz, and Chinook languages.

Economic development[edit]

The Quinault Indian Nation owns Quinault Pride Seafood, Land, and Timber, Maritime Resort, and the Mercantile.[4] They also own and operate the Quinault Beach Resort and Casino, Emily's Ocean Front Restaurant, Sidewalk Bistro and Deli, coffee bar, and Fireplace Nook, all located in Ocean Shores, Washington.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Quinault Indian Nation." Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board. Retrieved 24 Sept 2013.
  2. ^ "Quinault." Ethnologue. Retrieved 23 Sept 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Quinault Tribal Council." Quinault Indian Nation. Retrieved 24 Sept 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d "People of the Quinault." Quinault Indian Nation. Retrieved 24 Sept 2013.
  5. ^ Pritzker 203
  6. ^ Pritzker 205
  7. ^ "Quinault Beach Resort & Casino." 500 Nations. Retrieved 24 Sept 2013.

References[edit]

  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°25′05″N 124°08′19″W / 47.41806°N 124.13861°W / 47.41806; -124.13861