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Quinn is a surname in the English language, that is derived from the Irish language with many parent relationships to variant spellings and with many child relationships to suspected origins. In many cases it means wise or knowledgeable.
With family movement and being disconnected from their kinsmen, migration often impacted the interpreted name as depicted through a phonetic spelling that would be based on the spoken, or Soundex variation associated with the dialect of the particular region where the name is found. In addition, the sociolect, or sociolinguistics are important factors for linguistics researchers that define this phenomenon as Onomastics.
Surname spellings in Ireland are used and defined for individuals with Irish surnames and can be validated within the Census in the United Kingdom. To gain a better understanding of how surnames are used and recorded in the United Kingdom it is important to consider all the varying factors associated with the patronymic conventions and etymology relating to the history of words. Review of a family name is another important factor when learning more about how a surname prefix, such as that of Fitz for surnames of Anglo-Norman origin and an O', Mc, or Mac for Irish names.
This sept is widely recognized in the native Irish annals from the earliest date when surnames began to be used. The general areas of Ireland this family held territory were in the provinces of Connacht, Ulster, Leinster, and Meath.
The last remaining Quinns in the Peerage of Ireland were descendants of Valentine Quin, 1st Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl. On 25 March 2011, Thady Wyndham-Quin, 7th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl passed without a male heir and marked the end of the earlship.
Recognized Root Surnames
Cuinn, Mackquein, Mackquien, MacQuinn, McQuinn, Ní Chuinn, Ó Cuinn, O'Quin, O'Quinn, Quin, Quinn, Queen
Possible Dialect / Spelling Variations
Coen, Coigne, Coin, Coinne, Coyn, Coyne, Cuin, Cuinn, Genn, Gennell, Gennett, Gennette, Geuin, Gewin, Ginn, Ginnane, Ginnell, Ginnes, Ginness, Ginnett, Ginnette, Ginney, Ginnis, Ginny, Goen, Goenett, Goens, Goin, Goine, Going, Goins, Goyn, Goyne, Goynes, Guin, Guina, Guinan, Guinane, Guinaugh, Guinaw, Guindollet, Guindon, Guine, Guinea, Guinee, Guineer, Guinegaw, Guinen, Guinere, Guines, Guiness, Guinessey, Guinet, Guinett, Guinette, Guinevan, Guiney, Guinivan, Guinn, Guinnane, Guinne, Guinnee, Guinner, Guinness, Guinnessey, Guinnessy, Guinnip, Guinnup, Guinot, Guint, Guinte, Guintran, Guintrand, Guintrande, Guinup, Guyn, Guyne, Guynee, Guynes, Guyness, Guynetth, Guyney, Guynn, Guynne, Guynup, Gween, Gwen, Gwenn, Gwennap, Gwin, Gwine, Gwinee, Gwinn, Gwinne, Gwinnedd, Gwinnell, Gwinner, Gwinneth, Gwinnett, Gwinney, Gwinnup, Gwinup, Gwthne, Gwyn, Gwyndaf, Gwyne, Gwynedd, Gwyneth, Gwynetha, Gwynette, Gwynllyw, Gwynn, Gwynne, Gwynned, Gwynnedd, Gwynnel, Gwynnell, Gwynneth, Gwynnett, Gwynnette, Gwyntopher, Gynane, Gynn, Gynnane, Gynne, Gynnet, Gynnett, Gynning, LaGuines, LaGuinn, LaGuins, LeGuin, LeQuin, LeQuinn, Mac Ginn, Mac Ginnis, Mac Guin, Mac Guinn, Mac Guyn, Mac Guyne, Mac Guynn, Mac Guynne, Mac Gwine, Mac Gwinn, Mac Gwyn, Mac Gwyne, Mac Gwynn, Mac Gwynne, Mac Queen, Mac Quin, MacGinn, MacGinnis, MacGuin, MacGuinn, MacGuyn, MacGuyne, MacGuynn, MacGuynne, MacGwine, MacGwinn, MacGwyn, MacGwyne, MacGwynn, MacGwynne, MacQueen, MacQuin, MacQuinn, Magennis, Maginn, Maginnes, Maginness, Maginnis, Maginniss, Mc Cuin, Mc Cuine, Mc Cuinn, Mc Ginn, Mc Ginnes, Mc Ginness, Mc Ginnis, Mc Guin, Mc Guine, Mc Guines, Mc Guiness, Mc Guinn, Mc Guinness, Mc Gwin, Mc Gwinn, Mc Queen, McCuin, McCuine, McCuinn, McGinn, McGinnes, McGinness, McGinnis, McGinniss, McGuin, McGuine, McGuines, McGuiness, McGuinn, McGuinness, McGwen, McGwin, McGwinn, McQueen, McQuein, McQuin, McQuinn, Meginnis, Meginniss, O Guiney, O Guinidhe, O Guinye, Ocuin, O'Cuin, Ocuinn, O'Cuinn, Oguin, O'Guin, OGuinan, O'Guinan, O'Guiney, O'Guinidhe, Oguinn, O'Guinn, OGuinness, O'Guinness, O'Guinye, Ogwen, O'Gwen, Ogwin, O'Gwin, Ogwinn, O'Gwinn, Ogwyn, O'Gwyn, Ogwynn, O'Gwynn, Oqueen, O'Queen, O'Quein, Oquin, O'Quin, Oquinn, O'Quinn, Quanne, Queen, Quein, Quent, Quien, Quin, Quinan, Quinane, Quine, Quiner, Quinet, Quinett, Quinette, Quiney, Quini, Quinian, Quinlivan, Quinn, Quinnan, Quinnear, Quinnell, Quinnelly, Quinner, Quinnet, Quinneth, Quinnett, Quinnette, Quinney, Quinni, Quinnie, Quinnivan, Quinniven, Quinnlivan, Quinny, Quint, Quinte, Quiny, Quynne, Qween, Qwen, Seguin, Séguin, Sequin, Séquin, U'Cuinn, UiCuin, Ui'Cuin, UiCuinn, Ui'Cuinn, UiGin, Ui'Gin, UiGinn, Ui'Ginn, U'Quin, U'Quinn, Winn, Winnan, Winne, Winnell, Winnen, Winner, Winnett, Winnette, Winney, Winnie, Winns, Wynn, Wynne, Wynnell, Wynnet, Wynnett, Wynnette, Wynns
Art mac Cuinn is the progenitor of this famous surname. The name is derived from Irish Cuinn, specifically through Art mac Cuinn, the son of Conn. In Gaeilge the name represents priest, or chieftain with added emphasis on wisdom and loyalty. The surname rose simultaneously throughout Ireland as the descendants of Conn of the Hundred Battles known as Conn Cétchathach when Conn created the Connachta. Through Art mac Cuinn's 5th Great Grandson Niall Noígíallach, or Niall of the Nine Hostages the Uí Néill was formed and its dynastic reign began.
The Quinn Surname Project at Family Tree DNA currently is beginning to further define the many distinct septs of the Cuinn surname. 
Cuinn septs Ireland
- Clandeboye, Clann Aodha Buí of Cenél nEógain.
- Cenél nEógain—descendants of Eógan mac Néill son of Niall Noígiallach—founded the kingdom of Tír Eoghain.
- Uí Chathasaigh from An Bheitheach and Uí Aingle from Doire Uí Aingle.
- Tir Eoghain Loughinsholin of the Cenél nEógain.
- Tuadh Mumhan (Thomond), branch of Dál gCais seated at Barony of Inchiquin.
- Anghaile Muintir Ghiollagain (Annaly), a branch of the Conmhaícne, displaced by the O'Fearghail.
- Uí Chúáin of Ui Fiachrach. Transferred their allegiance to Mac Diarmada (MacDermott) of Moylurg.
- Clann Fiachrach sept of Uí Fiachrach, chiefs of Siol Chearnadha.
- Tir Amhalgaidh, Barony of Tirawley in County Mayo, Chiefs of Dun Fine, now Dunfeeny..
- Laeghaire of Ballycong, Race of Laeghaire
- Uí Néill descendants took the name Quinn descendants settled in Galway.
- Siol Chearnadha
- Clan Feargusa Fergus Cerrbél mac Conaill Cremthainne.
Cuinn clans Scotland
MS 1467 or Manuscript 1467, earlier known as MS 1450, is a mediaeval Gaelic manuscript which contains numerous pedigrees for many prominent Scottish individuals and clans. Transcriptions of the genealogies within the text were first published in the early 19th century and have ever since been used by authors and researchers investigating Scottish clan histories. The 19th century transcriptions and translations from the manuscript have long been considered inadequate; yet, there is no modern, scholarly edition of the manuscript. 
Noted within manuscript 1467 "MS 1467" defines Siol Cuinn as descending from Dicaledones 'Dicalydones", Cruthne, "Cruthin" or Northern "Picts". Siol Cuinn is further described as stakeholders within the Kaldonian "Caledonian" tribe. Siol Cuinn in Scotland is the Great Clan for Clan Rory, Clan Donald and Clan Dugal. Genetic data is beginning to reflect these distinct components of Quinn surname bearers that have been tested at the 67 marker level placing them in Haplogroup P-312 which is also reflected in the Quinn Surname Project hosted at Family Tree DNA. 
The Quinn surname Project at Family Tree DNA also reports a close genetic kinship with all the other clans of the GallGael.
The book Illustrations, Historical and Genealogical of King James's Irish Army List (1689) by John D’Alton, published 1855, lists important persons having bearing the Quinn surname and its many variations.
- 1014 Neill O'Quin, Battle of Clontarf was martyred.
- 1095 Augustin O'Quinn, Chief Brehon of Leinster, died of the Plague in 1095.
- 1188 Edwina O'Quinn, Queen of Munster, died in a pilgrimage to Derry, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
- 1252 Thomas O’Quinn, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, County Offaly, Leinster.
- 1318 Thomas O'Cuin, of Castlemartin House and Estate, Kilcullen, County Kildare, Leinster was Pardoned in Patent Rolls.
- 1395 Maolmurry O'Coigne, of Castlemartin House and Estate, Kilcullen, County Kildare, Leinster was Pardoned in Patent Rolls.
- 1402 Thomas O'Coyne, Clerk, granted liberty to use the English Law and Language by King Henry IV .
- 1404 David O'Coygne, Clerk, granted liberty to use the English Law and Language with additional liberty to acquire land in mortmain for religious use.
- 1404 John O'Coygne, Clerk, granted liberty to use the English Law and Language with additional liberty to acquire land in mortmain for religious use.
- 1505 John Quin of Limerick, Bishop of Clonmacnoise.
- 1612 Murtogh O'Quinn, late of Dungannon, Confiscation of Ulster, Attainted with the Earl of Tyrone as one of the Earl's confederates.
- 1612 Teigue Modder O'Quinn, late of Dungannon, Confiscation of Ulster, Attainted with the Earl of Tyrone as one of the Earl's confederates.
- 1613 Walter Quin, of Dublin, Poet and Tutor to Charles I of England, Preceptor to Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales and published his epitaph in two poems.
- 1642 Richard Quinn, of Ballyhook, County Wicklow, or County Wexford Attainted.
- 1642 Laughlin Quinn, of Ballyhook, County Wicklow, or County Wexford Attainted.
- 1642 Edmund Quin, Clerk, of Ballenteskin, County Wicklow, or County Laois Attainted.
- 1642 Christopher Quinn, Merchant, St. Audoen's Church, Dublin (Church of Ireland), Dublin, County Dublin, Attainted.
- 1642 Christopher Quinn, Merchant, St. Michan's Church, Dublin, County Dublin, Attainted.
- 1652 Brien Modder O'Quinn, of Monagowre, County Tyrone, excepted from pardon for life and estate by Cromwell's Ordinance of 1652.
- 1652 Turlogh Groom O'Quynne, of Monagowre, County Tyrone, excepted from pardon for life and estate by Cromwell's Ordinance of 1652.
- 1652 John Quinn, of Limerick, Province of Munster, 1 of 24 condemned to death by General Henry Ireton at the capitulation of Limerick.
- 1667–1668 Mark Quinn 1667-1668.
- 1680 Thady Quinn, of County Clare, Provided Special Saving Rights by Dame Lucy Fitzmorrice and son Richard Fitzmorrice for grants of land.
- 1691 Captain Thady Quinn, of Limerick, Attained, when County Limerick was forcibly vested in the Crown.
- 1698–1699 Thomas Quinn 1698-1699.
- 1752–1850 Valentine Richard Quin, Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl also under Valentine Richard Quin.
- 1787–1870 2nd Marquess of Headfort the son of Thomas Taylour, 1st Marquess of Headfort and Mary née Quin.
- 1794–1793 Lord George Quin born Lord George Taylour 2nd Earl Spencer Married Lady Georgiana Charlotte Spencer (1794–1823) of the House of Spencer.
List of people surnamed Quinn
- Quinn (baseball), baseball player
- Aidan Quinn, American actor
- Alex Quinn, a British television reporter and presenter
- Alexander James Quinn, Auxiliary Bishop of Cleveland
- Alexandra Quinn, Canadian porn star
- Anthony Quinn (1915–2001), Mexican-American actor
- Anthony Tyler Quinn (born 1962), American actor
- Bradley Quinn (born 1976), Northern Irish photographer
- Brady Quinn, American football quarterback
- Chris Quinn, American basketball player
- Christine C. Quinn, Speaker of the New York City Council
- Colin Quinn, American actor and comedian
- Daniel Quinn (disambiguation), several people
- D. Michael Quinn, Mormon historian
- David Beers Quinn, Irish Historian, English Exploration Expert
- Edmond Thomas Quinn, American sculptor
- Edward Quinn, Irish photographer
- Elmer F. Quinn (1895–1952), New York state senator
- Emmett Quinn, Canadian ice hockey executive and businessman
- Feargal Quinn, Irish senator and businessperson
- Francesco Quinn, American actor
- Freddy Quinn, Austrian singer and actor
- Glenn Quinn, Irish actor
- Graham Quinn (disambiguation), several people
- Helen Quinn, physicist
- James Quinn (disambiguation), several people named James, Jim and Jimmy
- Jesse Quin, English musician
- John Quinn (disambiguation), several people named Jack and John
- Jonathan Quinn (born 1975), American football quarterback
- Jonny Quinn, drummer for Snow Patrol
- Julie Quinn, American politician
- Kellin Quinn, American singer
- Kimberly Quinn, American journalist
- Lawrie Quinn, UK politician
- Lochlann Quinn, Irish businessman and philanthropist
- Lonnie Quinn, lead weather anchor on WCBS-TV in New York City
- Lorenzo Quinn, Artist and sculptor and son of actor Anthony Quinn
- Marc Quinn, English artist
- Martha Quinn, MTV VJ
- Molly C. Quinn, American Actress
- Michael Quinn (disambiguation), several people named Michael, Mick, Micky and Mike
- Micky Quinn, English footballer
- Nesanel Quinn, principal of Yeshiva Torah Vodaas
- Neville Quinn, South African cricketer
- Niall Quinn, Irish footballer
- Padraig Quinn, former Irish Republican Army officer
- Paddy Quinn (disambiguation), several people
- Pat Quinn (disambiguation), several people
- Paul Quinn (disambiguation), several people
- Percy Quinn, Canadian athlete, businessman, ice hockey executive and Toronto politician
- Rob Quinn, an Irish footballer
- Robert Quinn (disambiguation), several people named Bob, Rob and Robert
- Roman Quinn (born 1993), American baseball player
- Ruairi Quinn, Irish politician
- Sally Quinn, American journalist and author
- Sean Francis Quinn, Anti-Treaty IRA officer
- Susan Quinn, American non-fiction writer
- T. Vincent Quinn (1903–1982), US congressman from New York
- Terrance Quinn, better known under his stage name Terry O'Quinn, American actor
- Thomas Quinn (disambiguation), several people
- Wayne Quinn, English footballer
- William Quinn (disambiguation), several people
- Quinn Allman, American musician
- Quinn Buckner, American former basketball player
- Quinn Cummings, child actress
- Quinn Martin, television producer
- Quinn Norton, journalist, photographer and blogger
- Daniel Quinn (City of Glass), the main character in Paul Auster's City of Glass, the first of three novels in The New York Trilogy
- Doctor Quentin Q. Quinn, a character on Sealab 2021
- Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman, character on American television series of the same name
- Nathan Quinn, the main character of Christopher Moore's novel Fluke, or, I Know Why the Winged Whale Sings
- Eamon Quinn, a character in the second season of The Riches
- Harley Quinn, a supervillainess in Batman: The Animated Series
- John Quinn, a weretiger in The Southern Vampire Mysteries (Sookie Stackhouse series) by Charlaine Harris
- John Quinn "Quinn", a character from The Chosen, a book from the Night World series by L.J. Smith
- Jonas Quinn, a character in the sci-fi series Stargate SG-1
- Tom Quinn (Spooks), the lead character in the British spy-thriller series Spooks
- Jude Quinn, one of six characters portraying Bob Dylan in "I'm Not There"
- Quinn, a fictional character on the American Daytime Soap Opera "Days of Our Lives"
- Joey Quinn, a character (police detective) on Dexter
- Given names
- Quinn (Prison Break character), a character on the U.S. television series Prison Break
- Quinn Fabray, a character from Glee
- Quinn Mallory, a character on Sliders
- Quinn Morgendorffer, a character on the TV show Daria
- Quinn Pensky, a character on the Nickelodeon live-action sitcom Zoey 101
- Quinn the Eskimo, Eskimo character in the song The Mighty Quinn
- Quinn James, character on One Tree Hill
- Quinn Garvey, character on How I Met Your Mother
- Quinn, Demacia's Wings, a playable champion character in the action real-time strategy video game League of Legends
- Quinn, an NPC from Etrian Odyssey
- Tarquin Blackwood ("Quinn" Blackwood), a character in The Vampire Chronicles series by Anne Rice
- DNA Project Marker Comparisons .
- A detailed presentation and translation of the text of the genealogies has been published online by Máire and Ronnie Black, with the cooperation of the National Library of Scotland.
- Genetic data is beginning to supports these claims. 
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