Qurino Provincial Capitol
|Nickname(s): Forest Heartland of Cagayan Valley|
Map of the Philippines with Quirino highlighted
|Region||Cagayan Valley (Region II)|
|Founded||June 18, 1966|
|• Type||Province of the Philippines|
|• Governor||Junie E. Cua (LP)|
|• Vice Governor||May G. Calaunan (LP)|
|• Total||2,323.47 km2 (897.10 sq mi)|
|Area rank||55th out of 81|
|• Rank||73rd out of 81|
|• Density||76/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||72nd out of 81|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities||0|
|• Districts||Lone district of Quirino|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||3400 to 3405|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-QUI|
|Spoken languages||Ilocano, Ifugao, Bungkalot, Pangasinan, Kankana-ey, Tagalog, English|
Quirino is a land-locked province in the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Cabarroguis and was named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines. The province borders Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west, and Isabela to the north. Quirino used to be part of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, until it was separated in 1966.
The Sierra Madre mountain range provides a natural barrier on the eastern and southern border of the province and the Mamparang Range on the western part. The province is generally mountainous, with about 80 percent of the total land area covered by mountains and highlands.
The province has a mean annual temperature of 33.6 °C (92.5 °F). Warmest month is May and the least dry months are March to August while the rest of the year is neither too dry nor too wet. Rainy days occur from September to November.
Quirino is subdivided into 6 municipalities.
Long before its formal creation as an independent province, Quirino was the forest region of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, inhabited by tribal groups known as the Negritos. They roamed the hinterlands and built their huts at the heart of the jungle.
Quirino lies in the southeastern portion of Cagayan Valley. It is situated within the upper portion of the Cagayan River basin and bounded by Isabela on the north, Aurora on the east and southeast, and Nueva Vizcaya on the west and southwest.
The Ilocano dialect is used widely in the lowlands of the province’s various municipalities while Ifugao is predominant in the uplands.
Quirino province acquired its juridical personality as a result of the division of the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela on June 18, 1966 under RA 4734. Quirino, named after the late president Elpidio Quirino, was created as a sub-province of Nueva Vizcaya in 1966. It became a full province in 1971.
On June 21, 1969, RA 5554 was enacted, amending RA 4734 and creating the municipality of Cabarroguis, now the capital town of Quirino, which was taken from portions of Diffun, Saguday, and Aglipay.
RA 6394 was passed on September 10, 1971 further amending RA 5554 and separating the sub-province of Quirino from its mother province, Nueva Vizcaya, constituting it into a regular province. Hon. Leonardo B. Perez authored RA 6394.
The province of Quirino was formally established on February 10, 1972 upon the assumption to office of the first elected provincial and municipal officials headed by Dionisio A. Sarandi as Provincial Governor.
On February 25, 1983, Batas Pambansa Blg. 345 was enacted, creating within Quirino the municipality of Nagtipunan, a division of the municipality of Maddela.
|Population census of Quirino|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The population of the province as of the year 2010 census of population was 176,786 with a density of roughly 76 persons per square kilometer of land. The major language is Ilocano, which is widely spoken in the lowlands by 71.46 percent of the total populace. Ifugao is predominant in the uplands. Other languages are Bungkalot, Pangasinan, Kankana-ey, Tagalog, and English.
Agriculture is the main industry in Cagayan Valley, together with rice and corn as major crops. These supply the demand of neighboring provinces and the metropolis. Banana as well as banana chips are major products sold in Metro Manila and Pampanga. Small scale industries like furniture making, basketry, rattan craft, and dried flower production are prevalent.
This quiet province, almost invisible on major tourist maps, is actually teeming with souvenir-worthy products. If you’re looking for native delicacies, the municipality of Saguday has Kamias prunes, peanut products, tamarind candy and ginger tea. You can also go antique-hunting, or compare fossilized flowers. For bigger-item buys, try one of Quirino’s bigger industries – wooden furniture for home and office use.
- NAGBUKEL CAVE at Diffun, Quirino is perfect for retreats. Local tourists usually visit during the holy week for picnic, hiking, and communing with nature. The place is being maintained and developed by the Lamplighter, a religious sect, the cave is four kilometers away from the capital town.
- AGLIPAY CAVES AND PROVINCIAL FOREST PARK promises a special venue for communing with nature. A series of 38 caves, seven of which have been developed as tourist spots. Located in the midst of rolling hills and verdant forest, the caves boast of peculiar characteristics of their own such as an underground spring and well-preserved stalagmites and stalactites. The caves interlink with each other and run to a depth of about 20 meters. The place is recommended for camping activities and outdoor functions especially for big groups
- GOVERNOR RAPIDS is famous for its gigantic perpendicular walls of limestone jutting out from one side of the Cagayan River framing the Sierra Madre Mountain and its swift turbulent deep blue waters is perfect venue for kayaking, white river rafting, swimming and fishing. The riverside offers a suitable picnic ground with a magnificent view of the river. This part of the region is also home to Agtas or Negritos.
- AGLIPAY TOWN is a historic town having patterned its named from Fr. Gregorio Aglipay, a Philippine Independent Church priest who rebelled against the Spanish Colonizers in his time and settled at the banks of Addalam River in Aglipay.
- NAGTIPUNAN TOWN is the home of lush virgin forest and is being developed as a gateway to Aurora Province through Barangay Sangbay. About 54 kilometers from Cabarroguis, the town is a recommended venue for camping and eco-tourism activities. It is also home to the famous rock formation called Bimmapor, a rock formation similar to a ship’s stern which is about to sink. The area is recommended for rock climbing trekking, swimming, rafting, excursion and fishing, among others. It is less than an hour’s drive from the Municipal Hall where overnight accommodation is available. The Cagayan River this part of the town is suitable for white water rafting, kayaking and fly-fishing.
- BISANGAL FALLS in Maddela rests on a virgin forestland. The place serves as a sanctuary for endangered species of wildlife and is located 35 kilometers from Cabarroguis, the capital town. The falls offers several drop basins for bathing and picnic huts are available for excursion.
- MACTOL FALLS/SAN PUGO FALLS. This towering falls about 50 meters high spills into a shimmering basin about twenty-two meters deep. All who can appreciate nature in its untouched rare form should make the trip to Mactol Falls in San Pugo, Nagtipunan.
- JOSE ANCHETA FALLS located at Barangay Jose Ancheta in Maddela and towers at about 30 feet. Located 18 kilometers from the town center and about 10 minutes trek to the falls.
Quirino is unpretentious and full of natural attractions. It’s for the non-touristy tourist.
- "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Quirino.|
- Official Website of the Provincial Government of Quirino
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- WOW Philippines - Quirino
- Quirino Province Blog