Qujing

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Qujing
曲靖市
Prefecture-level city
Qujing in 2013. South Qilin Road.
Qujing in 2013. South Qilin Road.
Location of Qujing in Yunnan
Location of Qujing in Yunnan
Coordinates: 25°29′N 103°48′E / 25.483°N 103.800°E / 25.483; 103.800Coordinates: 25°29′N 103°48′E / 25.483°N 103.800°E / 25.483; 103.800
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
Admin HQ Qilin
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 29,855 km2 (11,527 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,442 km2 (557 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,442 km2 (557 sq mi)
Elevation 1,873 m (6,145 ft)
Population
 • Prefecture-level city 5,855,055
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
 • Urban 659,925
 • Urban density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Metro 659,925
 • Metro density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+9)
Postal code 655000
Area code(s) 0874
Website http://www.qj.gov.cn/

Qujing (Chinese: ; pinyin: Qǔjìng) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Yunnan province of southwest China. It is an important industrial city, and is Yunnan's second largest city by population, after Kunming.

Its population is 5,855,055 according to the 2010 census, of whom 659,925 reside in the built up area. Within a few years, Zhanyi county will be part of this built up area, making an agglomeration of more than 1 million inhabitants.

Geography and climate[edit]

Qujing is located in the east of Yunnan province, about 130 kilometres (81 mi) east of Kunming, the provincial capital. Like much of the central and eastern parts of the province, it is part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.

Tempered by the low latitude and moderate elevation, Qujing has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with short, mild, dry winters, and warm, rainy summers. Frost may occur in winter but the days still generally warm up to around 15 °C (59 °F). During summer, a majority of the days features some rainfall, and daytime temperatures rise to 25 °C (77 °F). A great majority of the year's rainfall occurs from June to October.


Climate data for Qujing (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
26.2
(79.2)
28.2
(82.8)
31.9
(89.4)
33.2
(91.8)
32.1
(89.8)
30.6
(87.1)
30.3
(86.5)
29.0
(84.2)
27.0
(80.6)
25.4
(77.7)
24.6
(76.3)
33.2
(91.8)
Average high °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
16.8
(62.2)
21.1
(70)
24.0
(75.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.4
(75.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.6
(76.3)
22.6
(72.7)
20.0
(68)
17.0
(62.6)
14.6
(58.3)
20.7
(69.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.7
(38.7)
6.9
(44.4)
10.4
(50.7)
13.8
(56.8)
16.0
(60.8)
16.5
(61.7)
15.7
(60.3)
14.0
(57.2)
11.1
(52)
6.8
(44.2)
3.0
(37.4)
10.0
(50)
Record low °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−9.2
(15.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
0.3
(32.5)
3.8
(38.8)
9.4
(48.9)
9.0
(48.2)
8.7
(47.7)
5.3
(41.5)
1.1
(34)
−3.5
(25.7)
−8.7
(16.3)
−9.2
(15.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.2
(0.756)
17.9
(0.705)
21.8
(0.858)
35.0
(1.378)
120.6
(4.748)
182.8
(7.197)
180.5
(7.106)
161.1
(6.343)
109.0
(4.291)
83.2
(3.276)
42.7
(1.681)
12.0
(0.472)
985.8
(38.811)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.7 6.7 6.4 8.3 14.2 18.0 17.8 17.7 14.3 13.5 8.8 5.5 137.9
Source: Weather China

Transport[edit]

Qujing is linked to Kunming by the National Highway 320. Drive time is about three hours. The transportation system in Qujing is well developed. You can access almost every corner of the city by way of the Kun Qu Freeway. Buses to Kunming depart from Qujing Bus Station every half hour, the trip takes about three hours. The bus station also provides transportation to Dali, Honghezhou and other destinations around Qujing. Taxi and buses are available in Qujing. The base rate of a taxi is RMB 5 for the first 3 km (1.9 mi).

Two train routes, Guizhou to Kunming and Nanning to Kunming, run through eight towns in Qujing each day. It takes one and one half hour to get from Qujing to Kunming. There is a plan for a speed train to run between Chengdu and Nanning by the year 2015, which will make the trip from Kunming<>Qujing only 30 minutes long.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Light green -Yi. Blue - miao. Red - zhuang.Dark green- Bouyei. Yellow- Shui

The government seat is located in Qilin District.

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Qujing mcp.png
1 Qilin District 麒麟区 Qílín Qū 630,000 1,442 437
2 Xuanwei City 宣威市 Xuānwēi Shì 1,320,000 6,257 211
3 Malong County 马龙县 Mǎlóng Xiàn 190,000 1,751 109
4 Zhanyi County 沾益县 Zhānyì Xiàn 390,000 2,910 134
5 Fuyuan County 富源县 Fùyuán Xiàn 670,000 3,348 200
6 Luoping County 罗平县 Luópíng Xiàn 540,000 3,116 173
7 Shizong County 师宗县 Shīzōng Xiàn 350,000 2,858 122
8 Luliang County 陆良县 Lùliáng Xiàn 600,000 2,096 286
9 Huize County 会泽县 Huìzé Xiàn 900,000 6,077 148

Economy[edit]

In 2004, total GDP was of 34,2 billion Yuan, and the GDP per capita of: 6025 yuans.

Tobacco, automobiles, power generation and chemical engineering are the main industries in Qujing.

  • Qujing Economic and Technological Development Zone

Qujing Economic and Technological Development Zone (QETDZ) is a provincial development zone approved by Yunnan Provincial Government in August 1992. It is located in the east of urban Qujing, the second largest city in Yunnan in terms of economic strengths. The location of the development zone is the economic, political and cultural center of Qujing. As an agency under Qujing municipal Party committee and municipal government, the administrative commission of QETDZ functions as an economy supervising body at the prefecture level and an administration body at the county level. It has 106 km2 (41 sq mi) under its jurisdiction. It shoulders the task of building a new 40-square-kilometer city area and providing service for a population of 400,000 in the upcoming 10 years.[1]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The Qujing Prefecture Almanac (1997:785) lists the following Yi subgroups.

  • Black Yi 黑彝 (autonym: Nuosupo 诺苏泼)
  • White Yi 白彝 (autonyms: Nasupo 纳苏泼 and Azhepo 阿哲泼)
  • Dry Yi 干彝 (autonym: Gepo 葛泼)

Sites of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RightSite.asia | Qujing Economic and Technological Development Zone

External links[edit]