Quli Qutb Mulk

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Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk

The First

Sultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty
Reign 1518–1543
Successor Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah
Royal house Qutub Shah

Sultan Quli Qutb Shah (Persian: سلطان قلی قطب شاه ‎) (also transliterated in different ways), a Turkmen from Hamadan,[1] was the founder of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, which ruled the Sultanate of Golconda in southern India from 1518 to 1687. He died in 1543.

Early days[edit]

A Kara Koyunlu Shia Muslim, Quli Qutb Shah migrated to Delhi with some of his relatives and friends in the beginning of the 16th century. Later he migrated south to Deccan and served Bahmani sultan.[2]

Setting up Qutb Shahi Sultanate[edit]

Tomb of Sultan Quli Qutb Shah in Hyderabad

After the disintegration of the Bahmani Sultanate into the five Deccan sultanates, he declared independence and took title Qutb Shah, and established Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda.

Extension of Sultanate[edit]

Quli Qutb Shah was a contemporary of Krishana Deva Raya and his younger brother Achyuta Deva Raya of the Vijayanagara empire. Quli extended his rule by capturing forts at Warangal, Kondapalli, Eluru, and Rajamundry, while Krishnadevaraya was busy fighting the ruler of Odisha. He defeated Sitapati Raju (known as Shitab Khan), the ruler of Khammam, and captured the fort. He forced Odisha's ruler to surrender all the territories between the mouths of Krishna and Godavari rivers. He was able to occupy Eluru, Rajamundry and Machilipatnam extending his rule to Coastal Andhra. Quli's campaign against Krishnadevaraya continued until Timmarusu, the Prime Minister of Krishnadevaraya, defeated the Golconda army.

Death and Succession[edit]

Sultan Quli Qutb Shah died in 1543. His younger son, Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah, assassinated him while he was offering his prayers.[2] Jamsheed also blinded Quli's elder son and heir, Kutbuddeen and assumed the throne. His other son Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah fled to Vijayanagar.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iranian Culture and South Asia:1500-1900, Juan R.I. Cole, Iran and the Surrounding World: Interactions in Culture and Cultural Politics, ed. Nikki R. Keddie, Rudi Matthee, (University of Washington Press, 2002), 25.
  2. ^ a b George Michell, Mark Zebrowski, The New Cambridge History of India: 1. The Portuguese in India, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 17.
Preceded by
-
Qutb Shahi dynasty
1518–1687
Succeeded by
Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah