Qumya

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Qumya
Qumya 1948.jpg
Qumya, 1948
Qumya is located in Mandatory Palestine
Qumya
Qumya
Arabic قوميه
Also spelled Kumieh, Qumiya
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°33′54.42″N 35°23′44.89″E / 32.5651167°N 35.3958028°E / 32.5651167; 35.3958028Coordinates: 32°33′54.42″N 35°23′44.89″E / 32.5651167°N 35.3958028°E / 32.5651167; 35.3958028
Population 510 (1948)
Area 4,898 dunams

4.9 km²

Date of depopulation 26 March 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Current localities Ein Harod (Ihud), Ein Harod (Meuhad), Geva

Qumya (Arabic: قوميه‎) was a Palestinian village of 510 inhabitants when it was depopulated prior to the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[2]

Located 12.5 kilometers north of Baysan, the village was assaulted by the forces of the Golani Brigade on 26 March 1948 during Operation Gideon, on the orders of Yosef Weitz, a representative of the Jewish National Fund (JNF). Its inhabitants fled in fear of being caught in the fighting.

Location[edit]

The village was located 12.5 kilometers northwest of Baysan, on a hilltop. Together with the village of Shatta, it was considered the western gate to the plain of Baysan.[3]

History[edit]

Qumya was well known for its archaeological sites, including Khirbat Qumya which contained rectangular structures, caves, and rock-hewn cisterns. About 800 meters south of the village was ´Ayn ´Jalud, an archaeological site where Roman artifacts, including milestones and a large pool cut in the rock, have been found.[3]

By 1596, under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Qumya was a farm under the administrative jurisdiction of Sanjak Lajjun.[3]

In the late nineteenth century, the village of Qumya was described as located on a knoll in the middle of a valley, surrounded by gardens of prickly pear.[4]

At the time of the 1931 census, Qumya had 88 occupied houses and a population of 386 Muslims.[5]

The village had one elementary school for boys. In 1944/45 a total of 4,205 dunums were used for cereals and 33 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[3]

1948, and after[edit]

In his diary, Weitz wrote of the inhabitants of Qumya and al-Tira in the Bisan valley thus:

"Not taking upon themselves the responsibility of preventing the infiltration of irregulars ... They must be forced to leave their villages until peace comes.[2]

Meron Benvenisti noted that the JNF guided military operations to evacuate and expropriate the land of Palestinian villages in 1948, including that of Qumya. In writing of the capture and evacuation of Qumya and Endur (the biblical Endor), he wrote that, "The Jews were particularly interested in the village of Qumya, which was entirely surrounded by JNF land..."[6][7]

The Jewish settlements of Ein Harod and Geva were built of the village lands.[2]

Kibbutz Bet ha-Shittah and the Gush Nuris settlements were given thousands of dunams of refugee land from Qumya and the neighbouring villages of al-Murassas, Kafra, Yubla, and Zir'in by the Histadrut's Agicrultural Center in July and October 1948.[8]

Walid Khalidi described the remaining village structures, noting:

"The whole site is fenced in. Almond, mulberry, and pomegranate trees and cactuses grow around the rubble that dots the village site. Cypress trees grow among the ruins of the village school."[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xvii village #120. Also gives cause of depopulstion
  2. ^ a b c Welcome to Qumya, Palestine Remembered, retrieved 2007-12-03 
  3. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 57
  4. ^ Conder, Claude Reignier and H.H. Kitchener: The Survey of Western Palestine. London:Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1881, II, p.85. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 57
  5. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 79. 
  6. ^ Benvenisti, 2000, p.132
  7. ^ Financing Racism and Apartheid:Jewish National Fund's Violation of International and Domestic Law, Palestine Land Society, August 2005, retrieved 2007-12-03 
  8. ^ Fischbach, 2003, p. 13.
  9. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.58.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]