From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Calculation results
Addition (+)
augend + addend = sum
Subtraction (−)
minuend − subtrahend = difference
Multiplication (×)
multiplicand × multiplier = product
Division (÷)
dividend ÷ divisor = quotient
baseexponent = power
nth root (√)
degreeradicand = root
logbase(power) = exponent

In mathematics, a quotient (from Latin: quotiens) is the result of division.[1] For example, when dividing 6 by 3, the quotient is 2, while 6 is called the dividend, and 3 the divisor. The quotient further is expressed as the number of times the divisor divides into the dividend, e.g. 3 divides 2 times into 6. A quotient can also mean just the integer part of the result of dividing two integers. For example, the quotient of 13 divided by 5 would be 2 while the remainder would be 3. For more, see the Euclidean division.

In more abstract branches of mathematics, the word quotient is often used to describe sets, spaces, or algebraic structures whose elements are the equivalence classes of some equivalence relation on another set, space, or algebraic structure. See:

The quotient rule is a method for finding derivatives in calculus.

Other meanings[edit]

Quotients also come up in certain tests, like the IQ or SAT test, which stands for intelligence quotient. In recent decades, as more emphasis has been placed on full personal development, other similar quotients have appeared. These include moral quotient, emotional quotient, adversity quotient, social quotient, creativity quotient, etc.

See also[edit]