Qusar (city)

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Coordinates: 41°25′35″N 48°26′08″E / 41.42639°N 48.43556°E / 41.42639; 48.43556

Qusar
Kusary 02.JPG
Official seal of Qusar
Seal
Qusar is located in Azerbaijan
Qusar
Qusar
Coordinates: 41°25′35″N 48°26′08″E / 41.42639°N 48.43556°E / 41.42639; 48.43556
Country  Azerbaijan
Rayon Qusar
Established 1938
Elevation 667 m (2,188 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 17,400
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)
Area code(s) +994 2338
Website http://kусар.com/ind.php

Qusar (also Kusary; Azerbaijani: Qusar, Lezgian: Кцlар) is the capital of Qusar Rayon, Azerbaijan. Qusar is located in foothills of Greater Caucasus, over the Qusarchay River, 35 kilometers southwest from Khudat railway station and 180 km from Baku.

History[edit]

Lermontov's house

In 1836, Mikhail Lermontov visited Qusar, where he met with scientist-philosopher Haji Ali-efendi. There he heard “Ashiq Qaribdastan from an eminent ahiq Lazgi Ahmad; he later wrote his famous work “Ashiq Qarib” based on its motifs. A home-museum of the poet is reserved in the city with a memorial plate, inscribed with the famous lines of Lermontov:

I welcome you, the hoary Caucasus!
I’m not a stranger for your mountains.
How I loved, my imposing Caucasus,
The martial dispositions of your sons.

[2]

In 1938, Qusar settlement acquired a city status.[3]

History[edit]

There are many accounts of the origin of the city, but the most likely[citation needed] is a version of Tamilla Khalilova – Candidate of History.[clarification needed] Since the 7th century, conquest of the South Caucasus by Arabs began. According to historical data the Arabs reached a territory of present Qusar Rayon. According to the historians version name of the river is originated from Arabian Al-Qausar. In translation from the Quran into English “Al_Qausar – in translation means a river of abundance, that is a heaven river, water of which is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. Its fragrance is nicer than musk and birds with beautiful long necks like necks of camels fly around it.”[4] The settlement got its name from the river – Qusar. Modern historians believe that the name Qusar derives from khisar.[5]

Geography and climate[edit]

Qusar is located in a zone of subtropical climate and the northern part of the rayon is in zone of mild climate. But because of the heights above the sea level and proximity of the mountains winter is always cold here, and summer is not hot. Temperature of air can change more than 15 degrees during a day. For instance, in summer incessant days-long rains can begin after hot weather.

The city is located not far from Bazarduzu, Shahdagh Mountains and a border with Russia. The mountain river Qusarchay, in honor of which the city acquired its name, flows in Qusar.[6] There is also is an artificial lake - Violet.

Lake Violet

Economy[edit]

Street in Qusar

The economy of Qusar is partially agricultural, partially tourist based, with some industries in operation. There are tinned food, milk and asphalt factories in the city.

Culture and education[edit]

In 1998, the State Drama Theatre of Lezghins was opened in Qusar.[7]

In 2008, 6 secondary schools, one of which functions in Azerbaijani and 5 in Russian languages, were operating in the city. There are also two preschools in the city, as well as Azerbaijan State Pedagogical College, which trains future teachers of Azerbaijani, English, and elementary school.

Population[edit]

According to “The Caucasian calendar” of 1916, there lived 1203 people, primarily Russian,[8] in the territory of Qusar. In 1926, there were 120 highland Jews, a number which had increased to 241 by 1939.[3]

According to a census of 1959, more than 7366 people[9] lived in Qusar. According to a census of 1979, population of the city consisted of 12225 people,[10] but in 1989 it reached 14230.[11]

97% of the population consists of Lezghins.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

Intracity transportation in Qusar is provided by buses RAF-2203 going from city bazaar along the whole city.[clarification needed] There are only a few intracity buses functioning in daytime. There is a bus station, from which buses depart for Quba, Baku and other destinations.

Sports[edit]

There is a rock climbing club of Ilqar Israfilov, who is engaged in subjugation of mountains.[clarification needed]

Famous landmarks[edit]

  • Nariman Narimanov park
  • House of Lermontov
  • Square of General Mahmud Abilov
  • Local history museum established in 1982. There are 3000 exhibits in the museum.

Famous natives[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The State Statistical Committee of the Azerbaijan Republic
  2. ^ Кусары 60. Azerbaijan: Communist. 1990. p. 48. 
  3. ^ a b Российская еврейская энциклопедия 5. Российская академия естественных наук. p. 248. 
  4. ^ Смысловой перевод священного Корана на русский язык Кулиева Эльмира
  5. ^ The Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan: Gusar city
  6. ^ «Чай» на конце названия рек означает «река»: Кусарчай — «Кусарская река»
  7. ^ Расим МУСАБЕКОВ. "Становление независимого азербайджанского государства и этнические меньшинства". sakharov-center.ru. Archived from the original on 2012-02-03. 
  8. ^ Кавказский календарь на 1916 год. Отдел статистический. Tbilisi. p. 24. 
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1959 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик (кроме РСФСР), их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу". Демоскоп Weekly. 
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик (кроме РСФСР), их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу". Демоскоп Weekly. 
  11. ^ Демоскоп Weekly - Электронная версия бюллетеня Население и общество. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г." (in Russian). Институт демографии Государственного университета - Высшей школы экономики. Archived from the original on 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  12. ^ Кто руководил НКВД, 1934-1941: справочник. Zvenʹi︠a︡. 1999. p. 114. ISBN 9785787000320. 

External links[edit]