Qutb-ud-din Aibak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Qutb-ud-din Aybak)
Jump to: navigation, search
Mausoleum of Sultan Qutb-ud-Din Aibak (Died Lahore 1210 AD),located at Aibak Road, Inside Anarkali, Lahore. Pakistan
The mausoleum of Qutub ud Din Aibak in Anarkali, Lahore, Pakistan.

Qutb-ud-din Aibak (Arabic: قطب الدين أيبك‎, Persian: قطب الدین ایبک‎; lit. "Axis of the Faith") was a Turkic king of Northwest India who ruled from his capital in Delhi where he built the Qutub Minar and the Quwwat Al Islam mosque.[1] He was of Turkic descent from central Asia, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Ghulam dynasty (Mamluk Sultanate) of India. He ruled for only four years, from 12 June[2] 1206 to 1210 AD. He died while playing polo in Lahore.[3]

He was a lover of literature and art. Qutb-ud-din Aibak ruled for four years until he had a fatal accident while playing chaugan (polo). His horse fell and he was impaled on the pommel of his saddle. His early death prevented him completing his plans for organizing his kingdom and establishing a sound administration. He built the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi[4] and the dhai-din-ka-Jhonpra mosque in Ajmer. He started the construction of Qutb Minar in Delhi, which is dedicated to a famous Sufi Saint of the time, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. After he died, the minar was completed by his successor, Iltutmish. He is also remembered as lakhbaksh or giver of lakhs, because of his generosity.

Kalpi fell into muslim hand in 1196 when Qutb-ud-din-Aibak, the viceroy of Muhammad Ghori conquered it. During subsequent Muslim period it played a significant part in the history of Central India. After Timur's invasion in the early 15th century Kalpi became independent for short while. After this Ibrahim Sah of Jaunpur sought to annexe it to Sharqi Sultanate. A counter attack by Mubarak Shah Sayyid of Delhi regained it. After Delhi-Jaunpur war it was seized by Husang Shah Ghuri of Malwa. With fall of Sharqi sultanate to Bahlul Lodi; Kalpi reverted to Delhi Sultanate. Bahlul appointed Qutb Khan Lodi as Governor. Subsequently it fell into Mughal hands and under Akbar served as headquarter of a sarkar and a copper mint. The city is also known as 'Gate of the west'.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Francis Robinson, The Mughal Emperors and the Islamic Dynasties of India, Iran and Central Asia, Page 77
  2. ^ Peter Jackson, The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History, (2003), Cambridge University Press. p.28. ISBN 0521543290
  3. ^ Dynastic Chart The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 368.
  4. ^ Mark M. Jarzombek, Vikramaditya Prakash, A Global History of Architecture, (Wiley, 2010), [1]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
None
Slave Dynasty
1206–1210
Succeeded by
Aram Shah
Preceded by
None
Sultan of Delhi
1206–1210
Succeeded by
Aram Shah