QwaQwa

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QwaQwa
Bantustan

1974–1994
Flag Coat of arms
Location of QwaQwa (red) within South Africa (yellow).
Capital Phuthaditjhaba
Languages Sesotho
English
Afrikaans
Political structure Bantustan
Chief Minister Kenneth Mopeli
History
 -  Self-government 1 November 1974
 -  Re-integrated into South Africa 27 April 1994
Area
 -  1980[1] 620 km² (239 sq mi)
Population
 -  1980[1] est. 157,620 
     Density 254.2 /km²  (658.4 /sq mi)
 -  1991[2] est. 342,886 
Currency South African rand

QwaQwa was a bantustan ("homeland") in the central eastern part of South Africa. It encompassed a very small region of 655 square kilometres (253 sq mi) in the east of the former South African province of Orange Free State, bordering Lesotho. Its capital was Phuthaditjhaba. It was the designated homeland of more than 180,000 Sesotho-speaking Basotho people.

The frequent snow on the Drakensberg mountain peaks led the San to call the region "Qwa-Qwa" (whiter than white). In Afrikaans it was known as "Witsieshoek", after the name of a farm.[3]

Two tribes lived in the region, the Bakoena and the Batlokoa. In 1969[3] they were united and the area was named "KwaKwa". In the same year the name was changed to "QwaQwa" to avoid an ethnic identification.

On 1 November 1974 QwaQwa was granted "self government", with Kenneth Mopeli as Chief Minister. Mopeli would serve as Chief Minister throughout QwaQwa's existence.

After 27 April 1994 QwaQwa was dissolved, following the first South African democratic election and reunited with South Africa, together with the nine other homelands. It is now part of the Free State province, with Phuthaditjhaba serving as the seat of Maluti a Phofung Local Municipality.

The municipality also comprises the towns of Harrismith and Clarens. Together they have a combined population of 385 413, of which about 80% lives in the former QwaQwa. The population is divided as follows: 98.09% Black African; White 1.68%; Coloured 0.09% and Asian and/or Indian 0.13%.

The place was also a major educational center in the old apartheid days, with at least 80% of schools in the present Free State province having teachers that were educated in the former homeland. It has a fully functional university but its teachers' colleges have been turned into FETs (Further Education and Training) colleges. The university was called "The University of QwaQwa" before 1994 but has then been incorporated into the University of the Free State (UFS) and renamed "UFS QwaQwa Campus".

The bantustan of QwaQwa had only one district in 1991, Witsieshoek, with a population of 342,886.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sally Frankental; Owen Sichone (2005-01-01). South Africa's Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook. ABC-CLIO. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-57607-674-3. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Census > 1991 > RSA > Variable Description > Person file > District code". Statistics South Africa - Nesstar WebView. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Flags of the world Discussion of name and history. Retrieved 10 April 2006.