R&R, military slang for rest and recuperation (or rest and relaxation or rest and recreation), is a term used for the free time of a soldier in the U.S. military or International UN staff serving in non-family duty stations. R&R includes various forms, including mail, sports, film screenings, and prostitution using the services of leave and MWR.
Service members and U.S. Defense Department civilians on 12-month orders in Iraq and Jordan supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom and Afghanistan supporting Operation Enduring Freedom now have a rest and recuperation leave program that will allow them to take up to 15 days, excluding travel time, to visit family or friends in the United States or Europe.
Prostitution has long been part of what military men have participated in as part of their "R&R". Recreational use of prostitutes by soldiers has been condoned by the civilian populations in peace and conflicts alike since early history. It is currently condoned in various regions and is frequently cited as a problem. South Korea during the 1960s saw the effective institution of "camp towns" around the U.S. bases, where brothels were allowed to operate unfettered.
- Squatrito, Theresa (September 1–4, 2005), R&R: Military Policy on Prostitution, University of Washington, "Military prostitution is frequently cited as a problem around military bases in Korea, the Philippines, and more recently in Bosnia. Currently, while all houses of prostitution are officially off-limits, the military implicitly condones the commercial sex industry through a variety of means such as supplying condoms and providing a courtesy patrol that escorts personnel to bars where prostitution is available."
- Lankov, Andrei (January 2, 2006). "Ladies of the 1950s Nights". The Korea Times.
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