||This article may contain parts that are misleading. (August 2012)|
|Active||began 1941|
|Allegiance||Allies of World War II|
|Role||Human intelligence (espionage)|
|Size||>100 informants, a few agents|
The Réseau AGIR (English: ACT Network) was a World War II espionage group founded by French wartime resister Michel Hollard that provided human intelligence on V-1 flying bomb facilities. Hollard smuggled information to the British military attaché in Bern, Switzerland, from Occupied France making ninety-eight trips from 1941 through February 1944 when he was betrayed and arrested. After a September 7, 1943, Ultra intercept identified that an agent tasked with gathering V-weapon intelligence had been captured, Réseau AGIR member Olivier Giran was captured and executed in 1943. On 5 February 1944, Michel Hollard and 4 other AGIR agents (including Henri Dujarier) were arrested during a cafe meeting on the Rue du Faubourg-Saint-Denis (Hollard received the "bath treatment" (torture) by the Milice.)[verification needed]
An AGIR railway engineer at Rouen reported in 1943 unusual constructions in Upper Normandy, and Michel Hollard's report of September 1943 to the British Secret Intelligence Service identified six V-1 flying bomb facilities: "Bonnetot [sic] le Faubourg, Auffray [sic], Totes, Ribeaucourt, Maison Ponthieu and Bois Carre". A more detailed report in October about Bois Carré claimed it had "a concrete platform with centre axis pointing directly to London". AGIR reconnoitered 104 V-1 facilities and helped pinpointing[verification needed] the Watten bunker, the first V-2 launching site. AGIR also provided sketches of V-1 launching sites such as one by André Comps of Bois Carré (English: square woods) labeled "La position de Maisons" and B2. Hollard had the site infiltrated by Comps, who copied "the blueprints":3—a copy of the compass swinging building blueprint and the Bois Carré sketch were published in 1978.
AGIR agents received various British and French military awards (including Hollard's DSO for V-1 espionage), and Hollard's biographies provide AGIR history. In 2009, Joseph Brocard was the last surviving AGIR participant.
- Gurney, Gene (Major, USAF) (1962). The War in the Air: a pictorial history of World War II Air Forces in combat. New York: Bonanza Books. p. 184. "The launching ramp (P) had a double track enclosed in concrete walls."
- Bauer, Eddy (1972) . Illustrated World War II Encyclopedia. Vol 15. H. S. Stuttman Inc. pp. 2059,2068. ISBN 0-87475-520-4. "[need quotation to verify]"
- "The V-Weapons". After The Battle: 3, 14, 16. 1974.
- Lee 2001
- "Michel Hollard: Heros de la Resistance" (in French). Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- Jeffery, Keith (2010). MI6 : the history of the Secret Intelligence Service 1909-1949. London : New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-9183-2.
- Jones, R. V. (1978). Most Secret War: British Scientific Intelligence 1939-1945. London: Hamish Hamilton. pp. 300, 362–3. ISBN 0-241-89746-7. "at Bonnetot le Fauborg [Comps] succeeded in copying the plans of every building at the Bois Carré site" (p. 362)
- Distinguished Service Order citation for Michel Hollard. 1945. "Hollard, at great personal risk, reconnoitered a number of heavily guarded V1 sites and reported on them with such clarity that models were constructed which enabled effective bombing to be carried out."
- Martelli 1960
- "Last remaining member of resistance network dies". Radio France Internationale. Retrieved 2010-02-09.