Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego

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Río Grande
Town
Río Grande
Río Grande
Flag of Río Grande
Flag
Official seal of Río Grande
Seal
Río Grande is located in Tierra del Fuego
Río Grande
Río Grande
Coordinates: 53°47′S 67°42′W / 53.783°S 67.700°W / -53.783; -67.700Coordinates: 53°47′S 67°42′W / 53.783°S 67.700°W / -53.783; -67.700
Country Argentina
Province Tierra del Fuego Province
Established July 11, 1921
Area
 • Total 12,181 km2 (4,703 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 67,038
 • Density 5.5/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
CPA Base V 9420
Area code(s) +54 2964
Website Official website

Río Grande is a city in Argentina, on the north coast of the eastern part of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. It has a population of 67,038, and is the industrial capital of the Tierra del Fuego Province.

It is served by Hermes Quijada International Airport.

History[edit]

Sheep farming, as many other places in Patagonia, was the main impetus for population settlements beginning in the late 19th century.[citation needed]

Abundant rivers, the seacoast, and good pastures were some of the reasons that fueled population growth. Río Grande was founded on July 11, 1921, when the central government issued a decree recognising this locality as the "Agricultural Colony of Río Grande".

In the beginning, the land was subdivided among a few families, owning large estates until the agrarian reform of 1925. Cattle raising became one of the most important economic activities in the area.

To promote industrial development, Tierra del Fuego is excluded from VAT and federal income tax. As a result, several manufacturing companies, particularly those involving electronic products, have opened factories in this city. One of the most rapidly-growing sectors is the production of laptops and netbooks. These products were totally imported until 2006 but by 2010, 42% of the Argentine market for these goods was supplied by firms established in Río Grande and Vicente López. Portfolio investments announced in 2011 plan the production of 6.9 million units in Tierra del Fuego Province, principally in Río Grande.[1]

The city's population has grown rapidly since 1980. Many people have relocated from the northern parts of Argentina and from other countries, such as Bolivia, to work in factories that offer higher wages than other parts of Argentina.

Climate[edit]

Rio Grande's climate is strongly influenced by the ocean: generally quite cool, and sometimes very windy. It has a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc) with cool temperatures year round. Temperatures in the warmest months, January and February average 11 °C (51.8 °F) while temperatures in the coolest month average 0 °C (32.0 °F).[2] Precipitation is low at around 330 millimetres (13 in). Also, due to its latitude, the length of the day varies tremendously across the year. Winter days can have as few as seven hours of sunlight, while summer days stretch to twenty hours. Frost occurs throughout the year, and winter temperatures can remain below freezing for relatively long periods of time.[3] During the summer, conditions are generally very windy and cloudy, and nights remain cold. Freak snowfalls can occur even in midsummer.

Climate data for Rio Grande, Argentina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
23.1
(73.6)
18.8
(65.8)
15.4
(59.7)
10.5
(50.9)
9.6
(49.3)
11.0
(51.8)
17.4
(63.3)
21.0
(69.8)
22.5
(72.5)
24.8
(76.6)
27.1
(80.8)
Average high °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
15.9
(60.6)
13.6
(56.5)
10.2
(50.4)
6.3
(43.3)
3.0
(37.4)
2.9
(37.2)
5.1
(41.2)
8.5
(47.3)
11.5
(52.7)
13.8
(56.8)
15.4
(59.7)
10.2
(50.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
10.4
(50.7)
8.0
(46.4)
5.2
(41.4)
2.5
(36.5)
0.0
(32)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.2
(34.2)
3.4
(38.1)
6.3
(43.3)
8.6
(47.5)
10.1
(50.2)
5.5
(41.9)
Average low °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
5.3
(41.5)
3.3
(37.9)
1.1
(34)
−0.9
(30.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.7
(35.1)
3.4
(38.1)
4.8
(40.6)
1.4
(34.5)
Record low °C (°F) −2.8
(27)
−3.1
(26.4)
−6.2
(20.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
−13.1
(8.4)
−14.2
(6.4)
−22.2
(−8)
−14.9
(5.2)
−9.9
(14.2)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4.6
(23.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
−22.2
(−8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 33.4
(1.315)
28.7
(1.13)
27.3
(1.075)
33.2
(1.307)
39.4
(1.551)
25.2
(0.992)
25.5
(1.004)
21.5
(0.846)
16.4
(0.646)
18.5
(0.728)
29.0
(1.142)
32.8
(1.291)
330.9
(13.028)
Avg. precipitation days 14 12 10 11 12 8 7 7 7 8 10 11 117
 % humidity 69 71 75 80 85 86 86 83 76 70 65 66 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.5 175.2 155.0 114.0 77.5 84.0 86.8 114.7 147.0 186.0 186.0 192.2 1,688.9
Percent possible sunshine 33 43 40 36 29 37 35 39 42 44 39 36 37.8
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[2]
Source #2: Secretaria de Mineria (extremes and sun)[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "En 2012 más de la mitad de las computadoras vendidas en el país serán nacionales". iProfesional.com. 
  2. ^ a b "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Retrieved March 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Provincia de Tierra del Fuego - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Retrieved April 7, 2013. 

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]