Rüstem Pasha

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Damat
Rüstem Opuković
Pasha
Rustem Pasha Ottoman min.jpg
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
28 November 1544 – 6 October 1553
Monarch Suleiman I
Preceded by Hadim Suleiman Pasha
Succeeded by Kara Ahmed Pasha
In office
29 September 1555 – 10 July 1561
Monarch Suleiman I
Preceded by Kara Ahmed Pasha
Succeeded by Semiz Ali Pasha
Personal details
Born c. 1500
Skradin, Croatia, Ottoman Empire
Died 10 July 1561
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Spouse(s) Mihrimah Sultan (m. 1539–61)
Religion Christian, converted to Islam
Ethnicity Croatian

Rüstem Pasha Opuković (Turkish pronunciation: [ɾysˈtem paˈʃa]; Ottoman Turkish: رستم پاشا; c. 1500 – 10 July 1561) was an Ottoman statesman. He served as the grand vizier of sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Rüstem Pasha is also known as Damat Rüstem Pasha (the epithet damat meaning "son-in-law" to the Ottoman dynasty) because of his marriage to one of the sultan's daughters.

Biography[edit]

The Rüstem Pasha Mosque (center), overlooked by the Süleymaniye Mosque (upper right) dedicated to Suleiman the Magnificent.

Of Croatian descent,[1][2][3][4][5] Rüstem Pasha was born in Skradin.[2] He was taken as a child to Constantinople, where he built a military and bureaucracy career. On 26 November 1539, he married Mihrimah Sultan, the only daughter of Suleiman the Magnificent. Rüstem Pasha held the title Grand Vizier twice, first from 1544–1553 and second from 1555–1561, until his death. As Grand Vizier, he collected vast wealth, much of it, it said that it came through bribes.[citation needed] He spent a chunk of his wealth raising public buildings, mosques, and charitable foundations.[citation needed] At the time of his death in Constantinople on 10 July 1561, his personal property included 815 lands in Rumelia and Anatolia, 476 mills, 1700 slaves, 2,900 war horses, 1,106 camels, 800 Qur'ans, etc.

The Rüstem Pasha Mosque (Turkish: Rüstem Paşa Camii) is an Ottoman mosque located in Hasırcılar Çarşısı (Strawmat Weavers Market) in Fatih, Turkey,[6] which was designed by Ottoman imperial architect Mimar Sinan for Grand Vizier Rüstem Pasha. It was built between 1561 and 1563.[7]

Children[edit]

Together with Mihrimah Sultan, he had three children; one daughter and two sons:

  • Ayşe Hümaşah Hanımsultan
  • Sultanzade Murad Bey
  • Sultanzade Mehmed Bey

Popular culture[edit]

In the acclaimed Turkish television series Muhteşem Yüzyıl, he is portrayed by actor Ozan Güven.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor (2007), pp. 166-167.
  2. ^ a b Fine (2006), pp. 215-216.
  3. ^ Hammer-Purgstall, History of the Ottoman empire,
  4. ^ http://www.zsem.hr/site/dmdocs/Hersak.pdf
  5. ^ Lybyer (1913), p. 51.
  6. ^ Hammer-Purgstall, History of the Ottoman empire
  7. ^ Faroqhi, Subjects of the Sultan.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fine, John Van Antwerp (2006). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. Michigan: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-11414-X. 
  • Lybyer, Albert Howe (1913). The government of the Ottoman empire in the time of Suleiman the Magnificent. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. OCLC 1562148. 
  • Denny, Walter B. (2005). Iznik: The Artistry of Ottoman Ceramics. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-51192-6. 
  • Faroqhi, Suraiyah (2005). Subjects of the Sultan: Culture and Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. I B Tauris. ISBN 1-85043-760-2. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Hadım Süleyman Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
28 November 1544 – 6 October 1553
Succeeded by
Kara Ahmed Pasha
Preceded by
Kara Ahmed Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
29 September 1555 – 10 July 1561
Succeeded by
Semiz Ali Pasha