Râmnicu Sărat

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Râmnicu Sărat
Municipality
Râmnicu Sărat is located in Romania
Râmnicu Sărat
Râmnicu Sărat
Location of Râmnicu Sărat
Coordinates: 45°22′48″N 27°3′36″E / 45.38000°N 27.06000°E / 45.38000; 27.06000Coordinates: 45°22′48″N 27°3′36″E / 45.38000°N 27.06000°E / 45.38000; 27.06000
Country  Romania
County Buzău County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Viorel Holban[1] (National Liberal Party)
Population (2002)[2]
 • Total 38,828
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariermsarat.ro

Râmnicu Sărat (also spelled Rîmnicu Sărat, Romanian pronunciation: [ˌrɨmniku səˈrat], German: Rümnick or Rebnick) is a city in Buzău County, Romania. It was declared a municipality in 1439. On December 21, 1994 it celebrated its 555th anniversary.

The city rises from a marshy plain, east of the Carpathians, and west of the cornlands of southern Moldavia. Salt and petroleum are worked in the mountains, and there is a considerable trade in agricultural produce and preserved meat.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1900 13,134 —    
1912 14,496 +10.4%
1930 15,007 +3.5%
1948 19,267 +28.4%
1956 19,095 −0.9%
1966 22,336 +17.0%
1977 28,689 +28.4%
1992 41,405 +44.3%
2002 38,805 −6.3%
2011 31,256 −19.5%
Source: Census data
  • 1900: 13,134 - of whom 1,500 were Jews

[3]

  • 2011: 31,256

History[edit]

Râmnicu Sărat was the scene of battles between the Wallachians and Ottomans in 1634, 1434 and 1573.

It was also here that, in 1789 (during the Russo–Turkish War of 1787–1792), an army of Imperial Russian and Habsburg troops, commanded by Alexander Suvorov, defeated the Ottoman forces in the Battle of Rymnik. For this victory, Suvorov was awarded the victory title of "Count of Rymnik" or "Rimniksky" (граф Рымникский) by empress Catherine the Great of Russia.

In 1854 the city was almost destroyed by fire and was rebuilt. From 1901 to 1963, the Râmnicu Sărat prison operated in the city.

Natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of elected mayors at the 2008 local elections in Romania" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  2. ^ "2002 census results for Râmnicu Sărat". Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  3. ^ Enc.Britannica, 1911