Rîșcani District

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Rîșcani District
Raionul Rîșcani
District (Raion)
Flag of Rîșcani District
Flag
Coat of arms of Rîșcani District
Coat of arms
Location of Rîșcani District
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraș-reședință)

Rîșcani
Government
 • Raion President Ion Parea (PLDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total 936 km2 (361 sq mi)
 • Water 40 km2 (20 sq mi)  4.27%
Elevation 280 m (920 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 69,500
 • Density 74.2/km2 (192/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 256
Area code(s) +373 56
Car plates RS
Website http://www.riscani.md

Rîșcani is a district (Romanian: raion) in the north-west of Moldova, with the administrative center at Rîșcani. The other major city is Costești. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 70,000.

History[edit]

Near the town Costești there are traces of a town which belonged to the Golden Horde, but was abandoned in 1360. Cities with the oldest historical attestation are Horodiște, Recea Șaptebani being mentioned historical period from 1429-1437. In the following centuries district is develop economically and cultural. In 1812 after the Treaty of Bucharest, both Basarabia, and the district come under Russian occupation (1812–1918), this time the district is actively colonized with Ukrainian, Russian, Germans and Hebrew these nationalities formed their own villages. On 27 March 1918 expressing the will of the people, countries, by virtue of history and nation, decide by unanimous vote the Union of Bessarabia with Romania. Following the pact between Hitler and Stalin from June 26, 1940 the fate of Bessarabia was determined by military force. On 22 June 1941 include the start of 1418 days and nights of fierce and bloody fights between the Germans and Soviets. After the 2004 census the population of the district was 72.400 inhabitants.

Geography[edit]

Typically relief in district

Located in the north of Moldova, the district is nearby: Edinet and Donduseni districts in the north, the east Drochia and Singerei,in south Municipality Bălţi and Glodeni in west is the border with Romania. District is located on the Northern Moldavian Plateau with little relief fractured and weak erogenous process. Chernozems occupy a large majority of the district. Natural resources within the district are represented by materials: limestone, clay, sand, gravel, which is near the villages Druta, Corlăteni, Braniște, Şaptebani. Maximum altitude in the district, is reached 280 m. near the village Pociumbeni.

Climate[edit]

Riscani district has a temperate-continental climate with an average annual temperature of 9-10 C. For July is an average temperature of 20-20.5 C and in January -4.5 -5 c. 400–550 mm annual rainfall. The average hunting speed 3–5 m \ s.

Fauna[edit]

Fauna district is composed of different species of mammals, birds, reptiles and other. In forests can be met: wild boars, deers, foxes, rabbits, badgers, various small rodents, also birds such as nightingales, woodpeckers, hoopoes, sticletele, shots, reptiles: european green lizards, water snakes, vipers. Basins are populated by otters, ondatra, birds: ducks, coots, divers, geese, swans, fish: perch, bream, catfish, carp, crucian, saran, perch, gudgeon and other.

Flora[edit]

Forests occupy 5.7% of the district, occupies an area even if a very small variety of plants, from trees: oak, common oak, linden, chestnut, cherry and others. Plant: fescue, denial, clover, sedge, burdock and others.

Rivers[edit]

Water District are part of the Black Sea. In the district flowing rivers Prut (river border with Romania), Ciuhur, Copăceanca, Racovăţ, Pamerniţa, Camenca. In 1978 construction was completed hydraulic node "Costesti - Stanca '(common construction of the USSR and Romania) with capacity of 32 MGW. Surface water bodies, serving hydroelectric station is 59 km2 and volume of 1280 million m3 of water.

Protected areas[edit]

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

1 January 2012 the district population was 69,500 of which 22.7% urban and 77.3% rural population.

  • Births (2010): 760 (10.8 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1105 (15.7 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): -345 (-4.9 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 51,168 73.68%
Ukrainians 15,632 22.51%
Russians 1,726 2.49%
Gypsies 602 0.87%
Bulgarians 61 0.09%
Gagauzians 60 0.09%
Polish 42 0.06%
Others 163 0.23%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

A total of 15,300 working in the district of businesses. Agriculture is the branch of the district, occupying 81.8% of total land. The main crops are cereals (wheat, barley, oats), technical (sunflower, tobacco) and sugar beet, vegetables. Orchards (apple, cherry, plum) occupy 4.3%.

Education[edit]

The district Riscani are 84 educational institutions operate, including: Agro College, vocational school, 8 high schools, 6 middle schools, 25 secondary schools, 1 primary school, a school auxiliary, 1 sports school, a creative center and 39 kindergartens.

Politics[edit]

Riscani district is located in the region so-called North Red, PCRM here usually get good results, gathered from 2001 over 50% of the vote. But the last three elections the Communists are in constant decline.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 82.7%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 45.88% 14,450 47.75% 15,043
July 2009 44.84% 13,696 51.09% 15,603
April 2009 26.18% 7,909 55.90% 16,892

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Riscani District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 15,043 47.75 −3.34
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 7,307 23.19 +9.83
Democratic Party of Moldova 4,494 14,27 -1.83
Liberal Party 1,842 5.85 −3.02
Party Alliance Our Moldova 807 2.57 −3.94
European Action Movement 517 1.64 +1.64
Humanist Party of Moldova 402 1.28 +1.28
Other Party 1098 3.46 -0.61
Total (turnout 58.62%) 31,754 100.00


Culture[edit]

The district Riscani operates: 96 cultural institutions, including houses of culture - 6, Clubs - 37, Libraries - 52, Museums - 1. 160 Enable artistic, 19 hold the title of the band model.

Health[edit]

The district operates: A district hospital with 250 beds, general fund a center of family doctors in the composition of which includes 18 offices of family physicians, 8 health centers, 20 health points.

Personalities[edit]

Coordinates: 47°55′N 29°05′E / 47.917°N 29.083°E / 47.917; 29.083