|• Mayor||Roland Kern (AL/Grüne)|
|• Total||29.99 km2 (11.58 sq mi)|
|Elevation||142 m (466 ft)|
|• Density||880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Population development
- 3 History
- 4 Churches
- 5 Politics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Famous people
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The town lies mostly in the Messeler Hügelland, a part of the Lower Main Plain with gentle hills. Differences in elevation are slight, reaching from about 130 m above sea level on the Rodau riverside flats east of Ober-Roden up to about 200 m above sea level on the Bulau. Rödermark is surrounded by greenbelts, found mainly in the area of the river Rodau. The Rodau crosses the municipal area from west to east. The northern areas of Bulau, Messenhausen and Waldacker have a mainly residential function, whereas the main centres of Ober-Roden and Urberach offer a complete infrastructure. The nearest Autobahn interchanges are ten kilometres away, and Frankfurt Airport some 25 km away. Rödermark lies within the area covered by the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund, and on the grounds of Ober-Roden railway station’s favourable location, it is the terminus of Rhine-Main S-Bahn line S1 and a station on RMV line 61.
The fiftieth parallel of north latitude (50°N) passes through the municipal area.
Rödermark borders in the north on the town of Dietzenbach, in the east on the town of Rodgau, in the south on the communities of Eppertshausen and Messel (both in Darmstadt-Dieburg) and in the west on the town of Dreieich.
Rödermark’s Stadtteile are Messenhausen with 796 inhabitants, Ober-Roden with 12,749 inhabitants, Urberach with 11,537 inhabitants, Waldacker with 2,885 inhabitants and Bulau (as at 30 June 2007).
The community of Ober-Roden, which until 1977 was self-administering, is today the biggest of the five constituent communities. Through suburbanization in the 1960s and 1970s, Ober-Roden became an important residential community for commuters.
The town library, the cultural hall, the daycare centre and the primary school all stand right on the brook, the Rodau, in Ober-Roden’s centre and together with the stately Gothic Parish Church of St. Nazarius (locally sometimes called the Rodgaudom – Rodgau Cathedral – although it is no such thing), some timber-frame houses and a comfortable outdoor café lend the town centre a certain flair.
Transport in Ober-Roden
Ober-Roden is a local rail transport hub. From here begins line S 1 of the Rhine-Main S-Bahn towards Wiesbaden by way of Offenbach Ost, Frankfurt Hbf and Frankfurt-Höchst. Also found in Ober-Roden is an operational midpoint on the Dreieich Railway (Dreieichbahn) offering links to Urberach and Dreieich (from Dreieich-Buchschlag to Langen, Darmstadt, Frankfurt Airport and Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof) and serving Dieburg in the other direction. From there connections are available to Aschaffenburg, Darmstadt and places in the Odenwald.
In connection with the plans for the Regionaltangente West (RTW) project, running the Dreieichbahn with RTW trains was in the past considered. For Ober-Roden this would have meant a direct rail link with Frankfurt Airport. The financing for the needed line expansion, however, is long-term, and the project, at least for the present, does not appear in the general transport plan.
Urberach was until 31 December 1976 a self-administering community in what was then the Dieburg district. Since municipal reform came into force in Hesse on 1 January 1977, Urberach has been a constituent community of Rödermark, and since then has also belonged to the Offenbach district. Nevertheless, Urberach dwellers today still feel more of a connection with Dieburg and Darmstadt than with Offenbach.
Rödermark has developed itself in all its constituent communities into an attractive residential and living area. Adding to the town’s attractiveness are in particular the new work done on part of the town core in 2003 and 2004, the many shops there together with the market halls on the outskirts, a bathhouse with sauna facilities and greenspace (back in operation in June 2006 after conversion), the hilly location of Bulau with its great worth as a recreation area and other similar things.
Urberach dwellers call themselves Orwischer.
(each time as at 31 December)
- 1998: 25,787
- 1999: 25,814
- 2000: 26,049
- 2001: 26,126
- 2002: 26,285
- 2003: 26,289
- 2004: 28,189
- 2005: 28,107
- 2006: 26,161
Rödermark was founded on 1 January 1977 out of the up until this point self-administering communities of Ober-Roden and Urberach. On 23 August 1980, Rödermark was officially granted town rights. The name goes back to the late mediaeval communal forest (marca raodora) known as the Rödermark.
History of Ober-Roden
There is some likelihood that there was once a convent in the community that was put under the Lorsch Abbey by Abbess Aba in 786, but final proof of this is still lacking. The settlement of Rotaha had its first documentary mention in 790 in a donation to the Lorsch Abbey. Furthermore, a Frankish nobleman named Erlulf donated all his holdings in Ober-Roden, Nieder-Roden and Bieber to the Lorsch Abbey on 22 April 791.
In 903, the Rotaha monastery was confirmed as the Lorsch Abbey’s tenant. The parish church in Ober-Roden is, like the abbey itself, consecrated to Saint Nazarius, and was Mother Church for Urberach, Nieder-Roden, Messel and Dudenhofen.
As part of the Amt of Steinheim, the village was sold in 1425 by the former landlords, the Lords of Eppstein, to Electoral Mainz. For the next several centuries the Electoral Prince-Archbishop of Mainz was the landlord.
In 1576 there were 80 households here, but in 1681 there were only 31 households and 117 inhabitants.
In 1786, the communally held land shared by Ober-Roden and several other villages was partitioned and shared out among Ober-Roden, Nieder-Roden, Urberach, Messel, Dietzenbach, Hainhausen, Jügesheim and Dudenhofen.
The Amtsvogtei of Dieburg passed with Ober-Roden after Secularization to Hesse. In 1829, Ober-Roden had 1,295 inhabitants. In 1832, the place passed from the Landratsbezirk of Langen to the Offenbach district. From 1874 to 1977, the community belonged to the Dieburg district.
In 1939, the community had 3,608 inhabitants. In 1957, Messenhausen merged with Ober-Roden after having shared with it the same mayor since 1821, while still keeping its own municipal budget. In 1977 in the course of municipal reform in Hesse, Ober-Roden was merged with Urberach, whereupon the new amalgamated municipality became Rödermark.
History of Urberach
Urberach was named for the first time in 796 as a branch parish of Ober-Roden according to the Lorsch codex. The place had its first documentary mention in 1275 as Orbruch. Electoral Mainz acquired the lordly rights over Urberach in the Late Middle Ages. The village belonged to the Mainz Amt of Dieburg.
In 1280, part of Urberach ended up with Frankfurt as a fief.
In 1305, an estate from Urbruch belonged to Ober-Roden.
In 1425, Urbruch and Ober-Roden were sold to the Archbishop of Mainz.
In 1706, the Archbishop of Mainz, Lothar Franz von Schönborn, ceded Urbarach to Count Johann Philipp of Isenburg-Büdingen in exchange for Weisenau and Hechtsheim. Urberach thenceforth belonged to the Amt of Philippseich, a younger line of the House of Isenburg.
In 1786 the Röder Mark was dissolved.
After the Principality of Isenburg-Birstein was dissolved in 1816, Urberach passed to the Grand Duchy of Hesse and has been Hessian ever since. In 1821, the community was grouped into the Landratsbezirk of Offenbach and in 1832 assigned to the Offenbach district. From 1874 to 1977, Urberach belonged to the Dieburg district.
The population figure rose from 1,488 in 1861 to 2,807 in 1939 and 9,558 in 1978. In 1977 in the course of municipal reform in Hesse, Urberach was merged with Ober-Roden, whereupon the new amalgamated municipality became Rödermark.
History of Messenhausen
The village had its first documentary mention in 1282. In the time that followed, the Lords of Eppstein enfeoffed various noble families with Messenhausen. Up until the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Lords of Frankenstein had been the fiefholders for centuries. In 1806, the community passed to the Grand Duchy of Hesse.
In 1821, Messenhausen’s mayoral office was united with Ober-Roden’s, although each place maintained its own budget up until 1957, when Messenhausen joined Ober-Roden. Messenhausen had 80 inhabitants in 1829 and 605 in 1978.
Rödermark’s traditional character is Catholic. Owing to migration into the town in the latter half of the 20th century, however, many Evangelical Christians now also live here. Today there are five Christian parishes:
- St. Nazarius Ober-Roden (Catholic)
- Ober-Roden (Evangelical)
- St. Gallus Urberach (Catholic)
- Petrusgemeinde Urberach (Evangelical)
- Free Evangelical parish of Rödermark
The oldest ecclesiastical building in Rödermark is the Dreifaltigkeitskapelle (“Trinity Chapel”) on the way into the community of Messenhausen (built in 1820).
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:
|Parties and voter communities||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||47.1||21||52.9||24|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||17.1||8||25.8||12|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||7.8||3||5.2||2|
|AL/Grüne||Andere Liste Rödermark/Grüne||28.1||13||16.1||7|
|Voter turnout in %||47.7||57.3|
Rödermark’s mayors since 1977 have been:
- Karl Martin Rebel, CDU (1977–1982)
- Walter Faust, CDU (1982–1993)
- Alfons Maurer, CDU (1993–2005)
- Roland Kern, AL/Grüne (2005–present)
- Tramin an der Weinstraße, South Tyrol, Italy (originally with Urberach) since 1975
- Saalfelden, Salzburg, Austria (originally with Ober-Roden) since 1976
- Bodajk, Fejér County, Hungary since 1992
Rödermark’s economy is based on midsize businesses. Besides the many retail and craft businesses, the following major companies are resident in Rödermark:
- CeoTronics AG (speech transmission)
- Reimelt (mechanical engineering)
- Winkelmann Palsis (vibration technology)
- Elta (consumer electronics, cooling appliances)
- Videor E. Hartig GmbH (video technology distribution)
- Köhl (office furniture)
- Adicon (building)
- Schleinkofer GmbH (mechanical engineering)
- Galvanni Europe GmbH (clothes)
Sons and daughters of the town
Hendrik Nachtsheim, former member of the Rodgau Monotones and today the Rödermärk half of the comedy duo Badesalz.
Other persons connected with Rödermark
- Kristina Bach, hit singer, lived in Rödermark-Urberach in the 1990s.
- Bernd Spier, hit singer, lives in Waldacker and for some years has been running a real estate business in the industrial area in Ober-Roden.
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.