Röttingen

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Röttingen
Coat of arms of Röttingen
Coat of arms
Röttingen   is located in Germany
Röttingen
Röttingen
Coordinates: 49°30′N 9°58′E / 49.500°N 9.967°E / 49.500; 9.967Coordinates: 49°30′N 9°58′E / 49.500°N 9.967°E / 49.500; 9.967
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Unterfranken
District Würzburg
Municipal assoc. Röttingen
Subdivisions 3 Stadtteile
Government
 • Mayor Martin Umscheid
Area
 • Total 27.19 km2 (10.50 sq mi)
Elevation 243 m (797 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,706
 • Density 63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 97285
Dialling codes 09338
Vehicle registration
Website www.roettingen.de

Röttingen is a town in the district of Würzburg, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated 30 km south of Würzburg, and 15 km east of Bad Mergentheim.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

The valley of Tauber is one of the driest areas in Bavaria and belongs to the continental, dry and warm type of climate with very little of rain. There are more than 30 days every year when the temperature is above 25° Celsius (77°F) and less than 10 days every year where the temperature is below 0° Celsius (32°F).

Parts of the town[edit]

Parts of the town are Aufstetten, Röttingen, Strüth.

History[edit]

The Alemanic tribe of the "Ruoter" (Ruotingen = Röttingen) probably settled first on this place in the late 5th century. The oldest documents in the town date back to 1103, and the town privilege was given in 1275.

In 1298 the town was the scene of the Rintfleisch massacres, when a certain "Lord Rintfleisch", accusing the town's Jews of having obtained and desecrated a consecrated host, gathered a mob around him and burned the Jews of Röttingen on April 20, 1298.

Röttingen belonged then to the area of Hohenlohe and later changed to the Hochstift of the Bishop of Würzburg. From 14th century on it was the residence of a local authority of the bishop.

The German Peasants' War in 1525 abruptly stopped economic development. The long reign of Bishop Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn over the town brought back the prosperity of the community mainly based on the production and trade of wine.

During the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), Röttingen had to go through a lot of turmoil since the army of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden was fighting in the Tauber valley. The wars of the 16th and 17th century destroyed all economic prosperity of the town and their inhabitants.

When Napoleon came, he brought the Franconian "Kleinstaaterei" to an abrupt end. In the following years all the clerical property was dissolved and Röttingen joined the Bavarian region of Untermainkreis.

The royal Bavarian administration in 1837 divided Franconia into Upper-, Middle- and Lowerfranconia as it is nowadays.

Demographics[edit]

In 1970, there were 1,988 inhabitants in Röttingen. In 1987, this figure decreased to 1,733, and in 2000 there was a slight increase to 1,789 people. As of December 2006, there are 1,663 people living in the town.

95% of the town is Roman Catholic. Another 3% of the town is Evangelical. Other religions and denominations constitute 2% of the population.

Politics[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

12 seats

election from 2 March 2008:

  • CSU/Freie Bürger: 9 seats
  • Unabhängige Bürger Röttingen (UBR): 3 seats

Mayor[edit]

Martin Umscheid (CSU / Freie Bürger) 75,59%. Er hat seit 2003 das Direktmandat für den unterfränkischen Bezirkstag und ist dort stellvertretender CSU-Fraktionsvorsitzender.

Röttingen ist Sitz einer Verwaltungsgemeinschaft mit folgenden Mitgliedsgemeinden: Bieberehren, Riedenheim, Röttingen, Tauberrettersheim.

City partnerships[edit]

The city maintains a partnership with:

  • Bad Mitterndorf, Steiermark, Austria

Neighbouring communities[edit]

Amalgamations[edit]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Röttingen is a wine growing community in the Tauber Valley. They grow about 30 ha of Frankonian wine on the "Röttinger Feuerstein": 70% is Müller-Thurgau, 20% Silvaner; 10% is Riesling, Traminer, Kerner, Scheurebe, Bacchus, Schwarzriesling etc. A local speciality is the "Tauberschwarz". This traditional sort of grapes exists only in the area of the Tauber Valley.

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Railways[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Companies[edit]

Educational institutions[edit]

Kindergarten[edit]

Schools[edit]

Culture[edit]

Museums[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]