Nysted Wind Farm

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Nysted Wind Farm
Windpark Nysted.jpg
Nysted Wind Farm is located in Denmark
Nysted Wind Farm
Location of Nysted Wind Farm
Country Denmark
Location South of Lolland
Coordinates 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000Coordinates: 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000
54°33′36″N 11°33′0″E / 54.56000°N 11.55000°E / 54.56000; 11.55000
Commission date 2003
Construction cost about EUR 600 million
Owner(s) Dong Energy, PensionDanmark
Power generation
Primary fuel Wind
Units operational 162 × 2.3 MW (Siemens)
Make and model Siemens Wind Power
Nameplate capacity 166 MW (Rødsand I)
207 MW (Rødsand II)
Annual generation 1,370 GW·h[1][2]

The Nysted Wind Farm (also known as Rødsand) is a Danish offshore wind farm close to the Rødsand sand bank near Lolland. Gravity base foundations are used rather than piles due to ice conditions.[3]

Rødsand I[edit]

Offshore turbine, used in Nysted Wind Farm

Rødsand I was built in 2003, with 72 turbines and a total capacity of 166 MW, and was the largest in the world until 2007.[4] Annual production is some 570 GW·h, the equivalent to the electricity consumption of 140,000 Danish homes, which could save 500,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions.[5] Turbines were installed by A2SEA.[6] It receives 45 øre per kW·h for the first 42,000 full-load hours, which is about 11 years.[7]

Rødsand I was out for 4½ months in 2007 when the main transformer suffered a malfunction,[7] causing a production loss of 23 million DKK per month.[4]

In September 2010, DONG bought E.ON's 20 % share and sold half of the entire project to pension fund PensionDanmark for 700 million kroner (€94 million / US$120 million) — almost half the DKK1,600 million cost.[1] Stadtwerke Lübeck also owns a share.[7]

As of 2013 it has an availability of 97 percent.[7]

Rødsand II[edit]

In 2010, a 207 MW extension of the existing wind farm was installed by E.ON at a stated cost of EUR450m[8] and a power delivery contract at DKK 0.629 per kW·h (US$0.12/kW·h).[9] It was originally scheduled to be completed in 2011,[10] but installation happened faster than projected,[11] and on 15 July 2010, E.ON reported that all turbines had been installed and the majority were supplying power to the Danish grid.[12] On 3 August, E.ON reported that the wind farm was ready and went into operation, three months ahead of schedule.[13] Rødsand 2 was inaugurated on 12 October.[2]

In November 2013, local power company SEAS-NVE bought 80 % of Rødsand 2 for a price of DKK 2.8 billion and thus valuating the wind farm at DKK 3.5 billion.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wittrup, Sanne. Pension fund becomes wind farm owner (in Danish) Ingeniøren, 9 September 2010. Retrieved: 17 April 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Rødsand 2 wind farm online". The Copenhagen Post. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  3. ^ Rødsand 1 4C . Retrieved: 31 July 2010.
  4. ^ a b Sanne Wittrup. "Havvindmøller i Nysted lammet af transformerhavari" (in Danish) Ingeniøren, 31 July 2007. Accessed: 13 December 2013.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "A2SEA presentation" (PDF). A2SEA (Export Promotion Denmark). 2005-04-12. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  7. ^ a b c d Sanne Wittrup. "Østersø-havmøllepark har leveret varen i ti år" (in Danish) Ingeniøren, 13 December 2013. Accessed: 13 December 2013.
  8. ^ Rødsand 2 4C . Retrieved: 31 July 2010.
  9. ^ Pia C. Jensen & Steen Hartvig Jacobsen. "Wind turbines in Denmark", page 26. Danish Energy Agency, November 2009. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
  10. ^ Rødsand II Wind Farm, Denmark
  11. ^ Rødsand 2 to finish ahead of schedule Maritime Danmark, 18 June 2010. Retrieved: 19 June 2010.
  12. ^ E.ON completes turbine installation at Roedsand windfarm Offshore Shipping Online, 15 July 2010. Retrieved: 31 July 2010.
  13. ^ Vindkraftparken Rødsand 2 er nu klar (Wind farm Rødsand 2 is now ready) Press release in Danish, 3 August 2010. Retrieved: 13 September 2010.
  14. ^ Wittrup, Sanne. "Lokalt elselskab køber Rødsand havmøllepark i historisk milliardhandel" (in Danish) Ingeniøren, 13 November 2013. Accessed: 13 November 2013.

External links[edit]