Rýmařov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 49°56′N 17°16′E / 49.933°N 17.267°E / 49.933; 17.267
Rýmařov
Town
RymarovObec.jpg
Town hall and square
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Bruntál
Commune Rýmařov
Elevation 555 m (1,821 ft)
Coordinates 49°56′N 17°16′E / 49.933°N 17.267°E / 49.933; 17.267
Area 60.7 km2 (23.4 sq mi)
Population 9,038 (2006-07-03)
Density 149 / km2 (386 / sq mi)
Founded 1351
Mayor Petr Klouda
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 792 01 - 795 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Moravian-Silesian Region
Location in the Moravian-Silesian Region
Wikimedia Commons: Rýmařov
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.rymarov.cz

Rýmařov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈriːmar̝of]; German: Römerstadt) is a town in the Bruntál District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It has a population of 8,609 as of 1 January 2012 of whom 4,237 were men and 4,372 were women with a median age in the city that was 41.5 years (men 39.8 years, women 43.1 years).

History[edit]

Austrian KK 50 kreuzer stamp, cancelled RÖMERSTADT in 1891

Until 1918, RÖMERSTADT was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district of the same name, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia.[1] The post-office was opened in June 1850, succeeding to that of JANOWITZ.[2]

In December 1930, the town had 6,108 inhabitants.

In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland.

On May 17, 1939, there were 5,859 inhabitants, and on May 22, 1947 there were 4,230 inhabitants. About 98% of the town's population were German-speaking. However, in execution of the Beneš decrees, the entire German population, with the exception of a few skilled workers, was forcibly deported to Germany and Austria in 1945. Today the town, renamed RÝMAŘOV, is overwhelmingly Czech-speaking.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

The town includes the neighbourhoods of:

  • Edrovice (Edersdorf)
  • Harrachov (Harrachsdorf)
  • Jamartice (Irmsdorf)
  • Janovice (Janowitz / Johnsdorf)
  • Ondřejov (Andersdorf)
  • Rýmařov (Römerstadt)
  • Stránske (Zechitz).

Sights[edit]

  • Chapel of the Annunciation, also known as local chapel in lipkach very important Baroque building local architect Friedrich Höslera the years 1711-1915. Inside, paintings painted by Ferdinand Naboth and Johann Christoph Handke. Nearby is a statue of Our Lady of Victory from 1774 and the Group Crucifixion's work from 1812.
  • Town Hall - a monumental structure with elements of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classical Castle - a protected archaeological site, previously there was a small redoubt, now there is a geological exposure
  • St. Michael the Archangel Church - a Gothic church, later rebuilt
  • Parsonage - a valuable Renaissance building from the 16th century, before the top office.
  • Statue of Virgin Mary Immaculate in the vicinity of the parish (the statue originally stood in the park in a crumbling castle in the Janovice. It was moved to Rýmařov at its present site in 2010).
  • Calvary - on the left side of the road from the Rýmařov Bruntál
  • Column with a statue of the Virgin Mary - Olomouc Baroque statue sculptor Franz Leblose in 1683, located in the western part of the main square. The column was erected at the expense of Maria Elisabeth Richtensteinové in memory of the plague epidemic that struck Rymarov in 1680. The statue has undergone restoration in 1993.
  • Statue of St. John of Nepomuk - sculptural work by Severin Tischler in 1736.

Museums[edit]

Municipal Museum in Rýmařov. A museum with rich collections tracing the history of the region from the earliest prehistoric settlements to the first half of the 20th century. Major collections are also on the development of mining and weaving, the two most prominent branch of this area. The permanent exhibit of the exhibition is also rich geological mapping of rock composition field. The museum also operates the Octopus Gallery .

City Officials[edit]

Pre -World War II (German) Mayors[edit]

  • 1896 to 1899 Hermann Franke
  • 1899 to 1903 Adolf Steffan
  • 1903 to 1907 Leopold Rösner
  • 1907 to 1907 Alois Kutschker
  • 1907 to 1910 Josef Rücker
  • 1910 to 1919 Max Springer
  • 1919 to 1922 Albin Oppler
  • 1922 to 1938 Viktor Habermann
  • 1938 to 1942 Gröger
  • 1942 to 1945 Karl Kloss

Post World War II (Czech) Mayors[edit]

  • 1946 - 1947 Ladislav Dragoun
  • 1947 - 1948 Antonín Malínek
  • 1948 - 1949 Josef Študent
  • 1949 - Richard Plesník
  • 1949 - 1951 Jaroslav Vávra
  • 1951 - 1952 Jaroslav Crhonek
  • 1952 - 1954 Ondřej Rozbroj
  • 1954 - 1957 Vladimír Liebars
  • 1957 - 1960 Jaroslav Crhonek
  • 1960 - 1970 Karel Sklenář
  • 1970 - 1985 Jiří Toman
  • 1985 - 1989 Oldřich Vaníček
  • 1989 - 1994 Miroslav Slováček
  • 1994 - 2002 Pavel Kolář
  • 2002–Present Peter Klouda

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Rýmařov is twinned with:

Personalities[edit]

Sons and daughters of the city[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
  2. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.

External links[edit]