Rīgas Satiksme

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Rīgas Satiksme
Type city municipality owned corporation
Industry Public transportation
Founded 2003
Headquarters Riga, Latvia
Area served Riga
Parent N/A
Website www.rigassatiksme.lv

Rīgas Satiksme (English: Riga Transport) is a limited liability company of Riga municipality which operates public transport and vehicle hire in the Latvian capital Riga and its surrounding areas. The organisation's principal activities involve the operation of the city's 476 buses, 354 trolleybuses and 267 trams.[1] It is also responsible for the operation of the city's car parks. It currently employs nearly 5000 staff members.[1]

History[edit]

Rīgas Satiksme was founded on February 20, 2003[1] as an umbrella organisation for the respective operators of trams, buses and trolleybuses in the city of Riga. Two years later, the separate operators of the different modes of public transport were merged and re-branded as Rīgas Satiksme, making it the largest provider of public transport in Riga.

Buses[edit]

Various buses

In 1924, the first buses were put into service in Riga, initially operated by private companies, although by 1941 all buses in the city were taken over by the state. In the years between the end of World War II and the breakup of the Soviet Union, buses were under the control of the Ministry of Road Transport and latterly the city's Executive Committee. The 1960s saw vast improvement in the bus network, with the building of a new central bus station and the introduction of new Ikarus vehicles. In 1970, conductors were replaced by automatic ticket machines as the principal method of fare collection, although conductors were re-introduced in 1996. Until 1992, the bus network comprised two separate entities, and both were in desperate need of modernisation as they were re-structured into one single organisation. 1997 saw the introduction of new Mercedes-Benz vehicles, and the bus network has seen steady modernisation thereafter.

By 2005, Rīgas Satiksme was responsible for the operation of some 460 buses on a total of 57 routes [2] across the city and its suburbs, as well as 15 regional routes connecting Riga with its surrounding towns.[2] Buses are by far the most modern mode of public transport in the city, with a variety of models in service, including many newly delivered articulated and rigid vehicles built by Solaris (Urbino), Mercedes-Benz (Citaro, O345) and brand new Ikarus buses for regional routes, although many older Ikarus vehicles are still used in everyday service. By 2007, all old Ikarus vehicles had been removed from everyday service. Since summer of 2011, Rīgas Satiksme is operating 9 night bus routes. It used to be 10 but line Nr. 9 was closed due to low amount of passengers. Starting from January 7, 2012, Rīgas satiksme is operating 9 bus routes, which are designed so as to cover a majority of Riga’s most populated districts.Ticket for 1 ride costs 1 LVL and it can be bought from the driver. Night lines runs each Saturdays and Sundays night.

Night Bus routes[edit]

Number Start point End point
N1 Riga Central Station Jugla
N2 Riga Central Station Vecmīlgrāvis
N3 Riga Central Station Bolderāja
N4 Riga Central Station Imanta
N5 Riga Central Station Mežciems
N6 Riga Central Station Dreiliņi
N7 Riga Central Station Ķengarags
N8 Riga Central Station Zolitūde
N10 Riga Central Station Ziepniekkalns

Regular Bus routes[edit]

Number Start point End point
1 Abrenes Street Pansionāts
2 Abrenes Street Vecmīlgrāvis
3 Pļavnieki Bolderāja
4 Abrenes Street Piņķi
4z Abrenes Street Zolitūde
5 Abrenas Street Mežciems
6 Dreiliņi Riga Central Station
7 Abrenes Street Stīpnieki
8 Riga Central Station Zolitūde
9 Abrenes Street Saules dārzs
10 Abrenes Street Brūkleņu Street - Jaunmārupe
11 Abrenes Street Jaunciem's cemetery / Suži
12 Abrenes Street Cooperative "Ziedonis"
13 Babīte station Preču 2
14 Abrenes Street Zvēraudzētava
15 Jugla -3 Dārziņi -2
16 Abrenes Street Mucenieki / Garkalnes Mucenieki
18 Abrenes Street Dārziņi -2
19 Jugla -3 Sarkandaugava
20 Pļavnieku Cemetery Pētersalas Street
21 Imanta -5 Jugla -3
22 Abrenes Street Riga International Airport
23 Abrenes Street Baloži
24 Abrenes Street Mangaļsala
25 Abrenes Street Mārupe
26 Abrenes Street Katlakalns
28 Jugla -3 Langstiņi
29 Jugla -3 Vecmilgravis
30 Riga Central Station Bolderāja
31 Jugla -3 Dārziņi -2
32 Abrenes Street Piņķi
33 Abrenes Street Kundziņsala
34 Riga Central Market Saulīši
35 Abrenes Street Zolitūdes Street
36 Imanta -5 Vakarbuļļi
37 Imanta -5 Esplanāde
38 Abrenes Street Dzirciema Street
39 Abrenes Street Lāčupe's Cemetery
40 Ziepniekkalns Jugla -3
41 Imanta -5 Esplanāde
42 Riga Central Market Ziepniekkalns
44 Zolitūde Ziepniekkalns
46 Zolitūde Ziepniekkalns
47 Abrenes Street Šķirotava
48 Pļavnieki's Cemetery Sarkandaugava
49 Rumbula MAN-TESS
50 Aberenes Street TEC-2
51 Abrenes Street Ulbroka
52 Abrenes Street Pļavnieku Cemetery
53 Esplanāde Zolitūde
54 Riga Central Station Voleri

Regional bus routes[edit]

Almost every regional bus route has been fixed since 1 January 2009. Some of them have been fixed, some routes are united with city routes and some routes have been extended.

Number Start point End point
10(Extented route) Riga Jaunmārupe
55(New route instead of 853) Riga Jaunmārupe
43 Riga Skulte

Livery[edit]

All buses are painted blue and white except Ikarus E91's which are yellow.

Trolleybuses[edit]

Solaris trolleybus in Riga streets
Various trolleybuses and regional express buses

The first trolleybuses in Riga entered service in 1947, using a portion of the budget initially set aside for the new tramway, with the intention of moving slightly slower trams away from the city centre to allow for faster trolleybuses. The service was operated initially by Soviet-built units, although these were later replaced by Škoda vehicles brought in from Czechoslovakia. Conductors remained on trolleybuses for 5 years after they disappeared from the buses, with electronic ticket machines replacing them in 1975. Conductors were re-introduced on the trolleybus network in 1997. From 2007 new electric ticket machines were installed and conductors disappeared. In 2009 electronic ticket machines were replaced with e-tickets (E-talons).[3]

Rīgas Satiksme is responsible for the operation of 19 trolleybus routes throughout the city.[2] In recent years (2000–2009) some of the older trolleybuses have been modernised while the rest have been replaced by new Solaris and Škoda trolleybuses. Old non-moderniSed Škoda trolleybuses do not run on the lines anymore.

Trolleybus routes[edit]

Number Start point End point
1 Pētersalas Street Valmieras Street
3 Riga Central Market Sarkandaugava
5 Daugavas Stadium Riga Clinical Hospital
9 Iļģuciems Riga Central Station
11 Ieriķu Street Riga Central Station
12 Šmerlis Āngenskalna priedes
13 Ieriķu Street Riga Central Market
14 Mežciems Esplanāde
15 Višķu Street Latvian University
16 Šmerlis Katlakalna Street
17 Purvciems Riga Central Station
18 Mežciems Riga Central Station
19 Pētersalas Street Ziepniekkalns
20 Latvian Television Latvian University
22 Katlakalna Street E. Birznieka Upīša Street
23 Purvciems Riga Central Station
24 Pētersalas Street A/S "Dzintars"
25 Iļģuciems Brīvības Street
27 Ziepniekkalns Riga Central Station

Livery[edit]

Trolleybuses are painted in the same blue and white colours as buses, although some carry advertising. Older trolleybuses still hold the old TTP two tone blue and white.

Trams[edit]

Škoda 15 T in Riga streets
A tram in Riga covered with advertisements

Trams have been in operation in Riga longer than any other mode of public transport, with the first horse-drawn trams entering service in 1882. In 1900 it was agreed that a number of electric tram lines would be built in the city, with the first electric trams starting operation in 1901.[4] Tram construction continued until the outbreak of World War I. Operation of the tramways remained largely unchanged until 1918 and the emergence for the first time of Latvia as an independent nation, when a Belgian company took over. This period of private ownership was deemed a failure, and the city authorities regained control of the tram network in 1931. World War II devastated Riga's public transport system, and it was gradually re-built to its current level.[4]

Trams remain the principal mode of transport in Riga, with Rīgas Satiksme operating almost 300 units on 11 routes across the city.[2] The bulk of journeys on the tram network are operated by fairly elderly Tatra T3 units, which have been in service in Riga since long before Latvia became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991.

In 2002, Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca signed an agreement with the Mayor of Riga which would see the company replace the trams in Riga once their period of operation ended in 2010. The new trams would have offered enhanced comfort and safety, as well as would be far quieter than the city's current fleet of elderly ČKD Tatra units. According to RVR they would have featured bright and spacious interiors and would have been 20-30% more power efficient than their predecessors. The new units were expected to be produced at a rate of 15-20 per year and would have resulted in a gradual phasing out of the Tatra tramcars.[5] Instead, 20 Škoda 15 T trams were built for Riga and entered service in spring 2010.

Tram lines[edit]

Number Start point End point
2 Tapešu Street Riga Central Market
3 Shopping Center "Dole" Jugla
4 Imanta Riga Central Market
5 Iļģuciems Mīlgrāvis
6 Jugla Ausekļa Street
7 Shopping Center "Dole" Ausekļa Street
9 Shopping Center "Dole" A/S "Aldaris"
10 Bišumuiža Riga Central Market
11 Mežaparks Riga Central Station

Livery[edit]

Most[citation needed] trams are painted in regular Rīgas Satiksme two-tone blue and white livery, although some are in special overall advertising liveries.

E-talons[edit]

A logo of the E-talons paying system
Smart card reader in a bus for E-talons

On 1 March 2009 Rigas Satiksme implemented a new payment procedure for public transport in Riga. Single E-talons tickets are available, as are 24-hour, 3-day, 5-day and monthly passes. The fares remain the same. E-talons and tickets can be bought from various sales points around Riga. The ticket can also be bought from the driver, at a higher price. When boarding public transport (bus, tram, or trolleybus) the ticket card is held in front of the electronic card reader.

Fares[edit]

New tickets/prices form 1 March 2009 using E-talons
Ticket type Fare LVL Transport type Routes Drives Notes Card type
24 hour ticket 1.50 Trolleybus,bus,tram All Unlimited Carton
3 day ticket 4.60 Trolleybus,bus,tram All Unlimited Carton
5 day ticket
3.40 One preferred transport One route Unlimited Can be used only on one transport type and on one route. Carton/NP/P
4.80 One transport All routes Unlimited Use one transport (trolleybus or bus or tram) for all routes Carton/NP/P
5.60 Two transports All routes Unlimited Use two types of transport (ex. bus and tram) for all routs with these transport types Carton/NP/P
7.60 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes Unlimited Use all transport for every route Carton/NP/P
5 Rides 2.00 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes 5 Use one ticket for one drive Carton/NP/P
10 rides 3.80 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes 10 Use one ticket for one drive Carton/NP/P
20 rides 7.20 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes 20 Use on ticket for one drive Carton/NP/P
1 ride 0.70 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes 1 Use ticket for one ride in all transports. Fare 0.70 only when buying a ticket from the driver Paper

NP - Non personalised card (no name or picture required) P - Personalised card (with name and a picture on it)

All tickets are valid 3 months from the date of issue.

Fares[edit]

A flat fare (applies from 1 January 2010) of 0.50 LVL per single journey (0.70 LVL, if bought from the driver) applies on all Rīgas Satiksme bus, tram and trolleybus services within the city boundaries. Fares on the regional bus routes vary depending on the journey destination.

The method of fare collection on public transport in Riga has since 1996,[6] been by conductor, and indeed this practice was widespread on buses operated by Rīgas Satiksme even after conductors where phased out in trams and trolleybuses. Tickets were available for purchase from the driver or newsagents operating in the city.

An electronic ticket system was introduced in 2009, making paper tickets obsolete. This has increased the number of passengers who travel without paying the fare.[citation needed] More ticket inspectors have been employed to deal with this problem, though many of these inspectors previously worked as conductors. Many incidents have been reported about ticket inspectors physically abusing passengers who are travelling without a ticket.[citation needed] It has also been reported[who?] that some of the inspectors carry electric stun guns. Ticket inspectors, unlike drivers, do not work in uniform.[citation needed]

Other services[edit]

Car parking[edit]

Rīgas Satiksme took over the operation of car parks in Riga in 2005, the first of which was built in 1993 to introduce parking charged to the city. Electric parking meters were introduced in 1994 with the assistance of both Riga City Council and local authorities in Helsinki, Finland. Since 1996, the operation of car parks has gone hand-in-hand with the responsibility of the removal of illegally parked vehicles in the city. In 2001, it was decided that vehicular access to the city centre would be allowed only through use of a smart card, and such cards were later introduced as a method of payment for parking. A system of parking charges by SMS was introduced by Rīgas Satiksme in 2005.[7]

Vehicle rental[edit]

Vehicle rental, initially operated by SIA Rīgas domes autobāze, was set up in 1992 with the main goal of providing vehicles to Riga City Council, although it now offers rental services to the general public. Operated by Rīgas Satiksme since 2005, the service currently boasts 180 rental vehicles, comprising cars, minibuses, coaches and ambulances.[8]

Minibuses[edit]

Rigas Satiksne controls the minibus transport in riga via SIA "Rīgas Mikroautobusu Satiksme".[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Pasažieru Vilciens
Riga Airport
Riga Passenger Port
Template:Proper link needed

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "About us". Rīgas Satiksme. Retrieved 2011-11-30. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Traffic schedules". Rīgas Satiksme. Retrieved 2007-06-12. 
  3. ^ "History of trolleybuses in Riga". Rīgas Satiksme. Retrieved 2007-06-16. 
  4. ^ a b "1901. : History : About us : Rīgas Satiksme". Rīgas Satiksme. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  5. ^ "trams". RVR. Retrieved 2007-07-12. 
  6. ^ "Conductors". Rīgas Satiksme. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  7. ^ "Car parking in Riga". Rīgas Satiksme. Retrieved 2007-06-16. 
  8. ^ "Vehicle rental in Riga". Rīgas Satiksme. Retrieved 2007-06-16. 

External links[edit]