R-27 Zyb

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This article is about the SLBM called SS-N-6. For the air-to-air missile called AA-10, see R-27 (air-to-air missile). For other uses, see R27.
Simple scheme of an R-27 missile

The R-27 Zyb[1] was a submarine-launched ballistic missile developed by the Soviet Union and employed by the Soviet Navy from 1968 through 1988. NATO assigned the missile the reporting name SS-N-6 Serb. In the USSR, it was given the GRAU index 4K10. It was a liquid fuel rocket using a hypergolic combination of unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) as fuel, and nitrogen tetroxide (NTO) as oxidizer.[2][3] Between 1974 and 1990, 161 missile launches were conducted, with an average success rate of 93%.[4] Total production was 1800 missiles[5]

The R-27 missiles were deployed on the Yankee I submarines, including the K-219.

Variants[edit]

R-27[edit]

  • Total Mass: 14.200 kg
  • Diameter: 1.50 m
  • Total Length: 8.89 m
  • Span: 1.50 m
  • Payload: 650 kg
  • Warhead: single nuclear: 1.0 Mt
  • Maximum range: 2400 km
  • CEP: 1.9 km
  • Launch platform: project 667A submarines

R-27U[edit]

  • Total Mass: 14.200 kg
  • Diameter: 1.50 m
  • Total Length: 8.89 m
  • Span: 1.50 m
  • Payload: 650 kg
  • Warhead: 3 : 200 kt
  • Maximum range: 3,000 km
  • CEP: 1.3 km
  • Launch platform: project 667AU submarines

R-27K[edit]

The 4K18 was a Soviet intermediate-range ballistic anti-ship missile (also known as R-27K, where "K" stands for Korabelnaya which means "ship-related") NATO SS-NX-13. The missile was a two-stage development of the single-stage R-27, the second stage containing the warhead as well as propulsion and terminal guidance.[6] Initial submarine testing began on 9 December 1972 on board the K-102, a project 605 class submarine, a modified Project 629/ NATO Golf class lengthened 17.1m (formerly B-121), to accommodate four launch tubes as well as the Rekord-2 fire control system, the Kasatka B-605 Target acquisition system and various improvements to the navigation and communications systems. Initial trials ended on 18 December 1972 because the Rekord-2 fire control system hadn´t been delivered yet. After a number of delays caused by several malfunctions, test firings were finally carried out between 11 September and 4 December 1973. Following the initial trials, the K-102 continued making trial launches with both the R-27 and the R-27K, until it was accepted for service on 15 August 1975.[7]

Using external targeting data, the R-27K/SS-NX-13 would have been launched underwater to a range of between 350-400 nm (650–740 km), covering a "footprint" of 27 nm (50 km). The Maneuvering Re-Entry vehicle (MaRV) would then home in on the target with a CEP of 400 yards (370 m). Warhead yield was between 0.5-1 Mt.[8]

The missile system never became operational, since every launch tube used for the R-27K counted as a strategic missile in the SALT agreement, and they were considered more important.[9]

Although the R-27K could fit in the launch tubes of the Project 667A (NATO Yankee class), the subs lacked the necessary equipment to target and fire the missile.[10]

North Korea[edit]

Further information: BM25 Musudan

Operator[edit]

 Soviet Union
The Soviet Navy was the only operator of the R-27.
 Democratic People's Republic of Korea
R-27 copy, BM25/Musudan-1
 Iran
R-27 copy, BM25/Musudan-1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aviation.ru - Missiles
  2. ^ Oleg Bukharin, Pavel Podvig, Pavel Leonardovich Podvig (2004). Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. MIT Press. p. 321. ISBN 9780262661812. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "R-27". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  4. ^ USSR R-27 missile
  5. ^ http://inbsite.com/missiles1.html
  6. ^ Polmar, Norman (2004). Coldwar submarines. USA: Potomac Books Inc. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-57488-594-1. 
  7. ^ Polmar, Norman (2004). Coldwar submarines. USA: Potomac Books Inc. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-57488-594-1. 
  8. ^ Polmar, Norman (2004). Coldwar submarines. USA: Potomac Books Inc. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-57488-594-1. 
  9. ^ Polmar, Norman (2004). Coldwar submarines. USA: Potomac Books Inc. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-57488-594-1. 
  10. ^ Polmar, Norman (2004). Coldwar submarines. USA: Potomac Books Inc. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-57488-594-1. 

External links[edit]