R. (album)

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R.
Studio album by R. Kelly
Released November 10, 1998
Recorded 1997–98
1996 ("I Believe I Can Fly")
Genre R&Bsoulhip hop soulgospelpop
Length 129:40
Label Jive
Producer R. Kelly • Poke & ToneCory RooneySean "Puffy" CombsThe Hitmen (Including Ron "Amen-Ra" Lawrence & Steven "Stevie J" Jordan) • G-One • Al West • Barry Hankerson (exec.)
R. Kelly chronology
R. Kelly
(1995)
R.
(1998)
TP-2.com
(2000)
Singles from R.
  1. "I Believe I Can Fly"
    Released: 26 November 1996
  2. "Gotham City"
    Released: 30 June 1997
  3. "I'm Your Angel"
    Released: 8 August 1998
  4. "Half on a Baby"
    Released: 11 September 1998
  5. "Home Alone"
    Released: 30 October 1998
  6. "When a Woman's Fed Up"
    Released: 27 February 1999
  7. "Did You Ever Think"
    Released: 25 May 1999
  8. "If I Could Turn Back the Hands of Time"
    Released: 28 September 1999
  9. "Only the Loot Can Make Me Happy"
    Released: 23 May 2000

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R. is the third studio album and the first double album by R&B singer R. Kelly. It was released in the United States on November 10, 1998 (see 1998 in music). This album was the first time Kelly allowed other record producers to produce or co-produce on his album, as opposed to producing the entire album himself, as well as his first time collaborating with various artists on his album. This is currently Kelly's biggest selling album to date, selling 8 million copies in the US according to RIAA and 12.4 million copies worldwide.[1]

R. went to number one on the R&B albums chart as the third album to do so, and went second place on the Billboard 200 chart with first week sales of 216,000.[2] It spawned Kelly's second #1 U.S. pop hit, "I'm Your Angel", a duet with Celine Dion. The album also contains the #1 R&B hit, "I Believe I Can Fly," which was released two years earlier on the Space Jam soundtrack.

Track listing[edit]

All songs written and produced by R. Kelly, except where noted.

Disc One: The Show[edit]

  1. "Home Alone" (featuring Keith Murray) (Produced by G-One) (R. Kelly, K. Price, K. Murray, G. Archie)
  2. "Spendin' Money" (Produced by Sean "Puffy" Combs & Ron "Amen-Ra" Lawrence; Co-Produced by Steven "Stevie J" Jordan for The Hitmen) (R. Kelly, R. Lawrence, S. Combs, S. Jordan K. Price, D. Romani, T. Willoughby)
  3. "If I'm Wit You" (Co-Produced by Tone & Poke for Trackmasters Ent.) (R. Kelly, C. Mayfield, J.C. Olivier, N. Robinson, K. Robinson, S. Barnes)
  4. "Half on a Baby"
  5. "When a Woman's Fed Up"
  6. "Get Up on a Room"
  7. "One Man"
  8. "We Ride" (featuring Cam'ron, Noreaga, Jay-Z & Vegas Cats) (Produced by R. Kelly, Tone and Poke For Trackmasters Ent.; Co-Produced by Cory Rooney) (R. Kelly; S. Barnes; J. Olivier; S. Carter; C. Broadus; A. Young; C. Giles; V. Santiago)
  9. "The Opera"
  10. "The Interview" (featuring Suzanne LeMignot)
  11. "Only the Loot Can Make Me Happy" (featuring Tone) (Co-Produced by Tone & Poke for Trackmasters Ent.) (R. Kelly, J.C. Olivier, S. Barnes, D. Townsend, D. Conley. B. Jackson)
  12. "Don't Put Me Out"
  13. "Suicide"
  14. "Etcetera"
  15. "If I Could Turn Back the Hands of Time"
  16. "What I Feel/Issues"
  17. "I Believe I Can Fly" (International Release)

Disc Two: The After-Party/The Hotel[edit]

  1. "The Chase"
  2. "V.I.P." (R. Kelly, Dalvin Degrade, DeVante Swing)
  3. "Did You Ever Think" (featuring Tone) (Produced by R. Kelly, Tone and Poke For Trackmasters Ent.; Co-Produced by Cory Rooney) (R. Kelly, C. Mayfield, J.C. Olivier, S. Barnes)
  4. "Dollar Bill" (featuring Foxy Brown) (Produced by R. Kelly, Tone and Poke For Trackmasters Ent.; Co-Produced by Al West) (R. Kelly, J.C. Olivier, I. Marchand, S. Barnes, S. Otis)
  5. "Reality"
  6. "2nd Kelly"
  7. "Ghetto Queen" (featuring Crucial Conflict) (R. Kelly, W. Martin, M. King, C. Johnson, R. Leverson)
  8. "Down Low Double Life"
  9. "Looking for Love"
  10. "Dancing With a Rich Man"
  11. "I'm Your Angel" (Duet with Céline Dion)
  12. "Money Makes the World Go Round" (featuring Nas) (Co-Produced by Tone & Poke for Trackmasters Ent.) (R. Kelly, A. Barnes, J. Malone, N. Jones, K. Price)
  13. "I Believe I Can Fly" (US Release) / "Gotham City" (International Release)

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4/5 stars[3]
Robert Christgau (2-star Honorable Mention)[4]
Entertainment Weekly B−[5]
Los Angeles Times 3/4 stars[6]
Q 4/5 stars[7]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[8]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 3.5/5 stars[9]
Spin (7/10)[10]
Yahoo! Music (mixed)[11]
Yahoo! Music UK 8/10 stars[12]

Critical response[edit]

Awards & nominations[edit]

BMI Awards - 1998 Pop Songwriter of the Year (won for "I Believe I Can Fly," "I Can't Sleep Baby (If I)," and "I Don't Want To by Toni Braxton)

Grammy Awards - 1999 Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals (nominated for "I'm Your Angel"), 2000 Best R&B Vocal Performance - Male (nominated for "When a Woman's Fed Up"), 2000 Best R&B Album (nominated)

Soul Train Music Awards - 1999 Best R&B/Soul Single, Male (nominated for "Half On a Baby"), 1999 Sammy Davis Jr. Entertainer of the Year Award (won), 1999 Best R&B/Soul Album, Male (won), 1999 Best R&B/Soul or Rap Album (won)

Personnel[edit]

  • R. Kelly - arranger, conductor, instruments, keyboards, mixer, producer, writer, main vocals, background vocals
  • Keith Murray - vocals
  • G-One - arranger, keyboards, mixer, producer, programming
  • Chris Puram - mixer
  • Kelly Price - background vocals
  • Rob Bacon - guitar
  • Marek - assistant mix engineer, assistant recording engineer
  • Anthony Kilhoffer - assistant recording engineer
  • Esther Nevarez - assistant recording engineer
  • Dana Walsh - assistant recording engineer
  • Sean "Puffy" Combs - producer
  • Ron "Amen-Ra" Lawrence - producer
  • Stevie J. - co-producer
  • Tony Maserati - mixer
  • Jimmie Lee Patterson - assistant mix engineer
  • Champ - assistant recording engineer
  • Tone - co-producer, producer, background vocals, programming
  • Poke - co-producer, producer, programming
  • Stephen George - mixer, programming
  • Greg Landfair - guitar
  • Kendall D. Nesbitt - additional keyboards
  • Antonio L. Daniels - additional keyboards
  • Roy Hamilton - drum programming, vocoder programming
  • Blake Chaffin - programming
  • Brian Calicchia - assistant mix engineer
  • Jeff Vereb - assistant mix engineer, assistant recording engineer
  • LaFayette Carthon, Jr. - additional keyboards, background vocals, conductor
  • Paul J. Falcone - programming
  • Jason Groucott - assistant mix engineer
  • Brian Garten - assistant recording engineer, programming
  • Sparkle - background vocals
  • UB Tirado - assistant mix engineer
  • Jeffrey Lane - assistant mix engineer, assistant recording engineer
  • Stan Wood - assistant recording engineer
  • Bryon Rickerson - assistant recording engineer
  • Mark Johnson - assistant mix engineer
  • Greg Thompson - assistant mix engineer
  • Cory Rooney - co-producer, additional keyboards
  • Kevin Crouse - mixer
  • Chris Ribando - assistant recording engineer
  • Cam'Ron - vocals
  • Noreaga - vocals
  • Shawn Carter - vocals
  • Vegas Cats - vocals
  • Joey Donnatello - mixer, programming
  • Ron Lowe - assistant mix engineer
  • Jason Goldstein - assistant recording engineer
  • Paul Riser - arranger, conductor, orchestrator, strings
  • Hart Holliman - arranger, conductor, orchestrator
  • The Motown Romance Orchestra - arranging, strings and horns
  • Keith Henderson - guitar
  • Blackie - background vocals
  • Rock - background vocals
  • Chris Brickley - assistant recording engineer
  • Tony Gonzalez - assistant recording engineer
  • Bruce Kelly - background vocals
  • Tony Black - additional engineering, digital editing
  • Jason Bacher - assistant recording engineer
  • Trey Fratt - assistant recording engineer
  • Rick Behrens - assistant recording engineer
  • Cynthia Jernigan - additional writing
  • Nathan Dean - assistant mix engineer, assistant recording engineer
  • Eric N. Yoder - programming
  • Deatia Staples - background vocals
  • Keisha Wallace - background vocals
  • Lamont Smith - background vocals
  • Shawn L. Lawson - background vocals
  • Marjette J. Alston - background vocals
  • Bryant M. Lee - background vocals
  • Suzan Chatims - background vocals
  • Denise Purkett - background vocals
  • Reynonda McFarland - background vocals
  • Monique Whittington - background vocals
  • Opal Staples - background vocals
  • Angela Clayton-Lawson - background vocals
  • Foxy Brown - vocals
  • Al West - co-producer, keyboards
  • Rich Travali - mixer
  • Chuck Bailey - assistant mix engineer
  • Jon Heidelberger - assistant recording engineer
  • Johnny Allen - assistant to the conductor
  • J. Squillace - orchestra recording assistant
  • Crucial Conflict - vocals
  • Todd Parker - assistant mix engineer
  • Ruth Varella - assistant recording engineer
  • Edward Tucker - background vocals
  • Russell Hinton - background vocals
  • Michael McCoy - assistant mix engineer
  • Humberto Gatica - mixer
  • Rob Mathes - arranger, conductor
  • Loris Holland - additional keyboards, background vocals, conductor, Hammond B-3 Organ
  • Steve Skinner - keyboards, drum programming
  • Jeff Bova - additional keyboard programming
  • Jimmy Bralower - drum programming
  • Jeffrey Morrow - background vocals
  • Yvonne Gage - background vocals
  • Cheryl Wilson - background vocals
  • Joan Walton - background vocals
  • Robert Bowker - background vocals
  • Johnny Rutledge - background vocals
  • Robin Robinson - background vocals
  • Rob Trow - background vocals
  • Cathy Richardson - background vocals
  • Anthony Ransom - background vocals
  • Lisa Lougheed - background vocals
  • Stevie Robinson - background vocals
  • Tawatha Agee - background vocals
  • Troy Bright - background vocals
  • Dennis Collins - background vocals
  • Ayana George - background vocals
  • Diva Gray - background vocals
  • Nancey Jackson - background vocals
  • Latasha Jordon - background vocals
  • Paulette McWilliams - background vocals
  • Robert Moe - background vocals
  • Fonzi Thornton - background vocals
  • Spencer Washington - background vocals
  • Elizabeth Withers - background vocals
  • Don Hachey - assistant recording engineer
  • Céline Dion - vocals, background vocals
  • Bill Douglass - assistant recording engineer
  • Jason Stasium - assistant recording engineer
  • Chris Brooke - assistant recording engineer
  • Brian Callicha - assistant recording engineer
  • Jake Ninan - assistant recording engineer
  • Nasir Jones - vocals
  • "The Luv Club" Choir - background vocals
  • Percy Bady - director, keyboards
  • Tom Recchion - art direction and design
  • Jackie Murphy - photo shoot/art coordination
  • Reisig & Taylor - photography
  • June Ambrose - stylist
  • Mode Squad - stylist
  • Robin Hannibal - groomer
  • Aliesh Peirce - groomer
  • TAR - original cover photo
  • Kenneth Halsband - location manager
  • Bruce Goldman - location manager
  • Leon Adair - location manager
  • Beata Rosenbaum - casting
  • Michael Anthony - make-up
  • Reginald Payton - car shots
  • Howard Simmons - interior shots
  • Barry Hankerson - executive producer
  • 'Big Bass' Brian Gardner - mastered at Bernie Grundman Mastering, Hollywood, California

Charts[edit]

Chart (1998) Peak
position
The U.S. Billboard 200 2
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Albums 1
Dutch Top 50 Albums 1
German Top 100 Albums 8
UK Top 75 Albums 27
Canadian Albums Chart 26
World Albums Charts 39
Australian Albums Chart 65

Certifications[edit]

Territory Certifier Certification Sales
Belgium IFPI Platinum 20,000
Canada CRIA Platinum 100,000
France SNEP 2x Gold 200,000
Germany IFPI Gold 250,000
Netherlands NVPI Platinum 70,000
Switzerland IFPI Gold 25,000

Later samples[edit]

  • "When a Woman's Fed Up"

Perdono Tiziano Ferro

Remixes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], R. Kelly News
  2. ^ http://www.eonline.com/news/37333/alanis-holds-off-r-kelly
  3. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "R. Kelly: R. > Review at AllMusic. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  4. ^ Christgau, Robert. "R. Kelly". robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Browne, David (13 November 1998). "R.". Entertainment Weekly (#458). 
  6. ^ "Top Pop Albums". Los Angeles Times. 3 December 1998. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "R. [PA]". chapters.indigo.ca. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  8. ^ Sheffield, Rob (26 November 1998). "R. Kelly: R.". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 13 June 2008. 
  9. ^ Brackett, Nathan (2004). Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th, revised ed.). Topeka Bindery. ISBN 978-1-4176-6326-2.  Portions posted at "R. Kelly: Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "R. Kelly - R. CD Album". CD Universe. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  11. ^ Yahoo! Music review[dead link]
  12. ^ "R. Kelly - 'R.'". Yahoo! Music UK. 26 October 1998. Archived from the original on 13 September 2004.