R. G. Armstrong
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
Armstrong in the 1960 film The Fugitive Kind
|Born||Robert Golden Armstrong, Jr.
April 7, 1917
Pleasant Grove, Jefferson County, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||July 27, 2012
Studio City, California, U.S.
|Alma mater||Howard College
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(m.1952-1972; 4 children)
Susan M. Guthrie
(m.1993-2003; her death)
Robert Golden Armstrong, Jr., known as R. G. Armstrong (April 7, 1917 – July 27, 2012), was an American actor and playwright. A veteran character actor who appeared in dozens of Westerns over the course of his 40-year career, he may be best remembered for his work with director Sam Peckinpah.
Armstrong was born in Pleasant Grove, Alabama, and was reared on a small farm near Birmingham. He came from a family of religious fundamentalists, and his mother wanted him to be a pastor. Armstrong initially enrolled at Howard College, now Samford University in Homewood, Alabama, where he became interested in acting, and then transferred to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina. While there, along with classmate Andy Griffith, he began acting on stage with the Carolina Playmakers. Upon graduating, he attended the Actors Studio.
Armstrong's first film appearance was in the 1954 film Garden of Eden. However, it was television where he first earned a name for himself. He guest-starred in virtually every television western series produced in the 1950s and 1960s, including: Have Gun - Will Travel, The Californians, Jefferson Drum, The Tall Man, Riverboat, The Rifleman, Zane Grey Theater, Wanted: Dead or Alive, The Westerner, The Big Valley, Bonanza, Maverick (as Louise Fletcher's character's father in the episode which drew the series' largest single viewership, "The Saga of Waco Williams"), Gunsmoke, Rawhide and Wagon Train.
On March 3, 1959, Armstrong was cast as the corrupt and cowardly Lou Stoner, a leading candidate for a territorial governorship in the episode "The Giant Killer" of the ABC/Warner Brothers western series, Sugarfoot, with Will Hutchins in the title role. In the story line, the recently widowed Doreen Bradley (Patricia Barry) exposes Stoner as the murderer of her husband. Much of the story is set in a hotel. Others appearing in the segment are Russ Conway as the town marshal, Dorothy Provine as Ada, and child actor Jay North as Bobby.
On November 22, 1960, in the episode "License to Kill" of NBC's Laramie, Armstrong plays Sam Jarrad, a former bounty hunter and a sheriff in Colorado, who comes to Laramie, Wyoming, with a warrant for Jess Harper, played by series co-star Robert Fuller. Jess is accused of murdering a powerful rancher named Blake Wilkie. Slim Sherman, played by series co-start John Smith, is deputized to accompany Jarrad and Jess to Colorado. Denny Miller, later cast on Wagon Train as a regular, Duke Shannon, along with Robert Fuller as Cooper Smith, appears in this episode as Wilkie's son, who frames Jess for Blake Wilkie's death. William Fawcett plays Ben, the Sherman Ranch housekeeper, a role that Fawcett also filled on NBC's Fury.
Early in 1961, Armstrong was cast in the title guest-starring role of Nathanael Grimm in "The Return of Mr. Grimm" of the ABC/WB western series Cheyenne, starring Clint Walker. In the story line, the wealthy Grimm seeks the hanging of Sheriff Cheyenne Bodie for the justifiable homicide of Grimm's wayward son, who was fleeing from a posse. Grimm closes the businesses he controls in town, and the threatened townsmen demand that Bodie stand trial though no crime has been committed. Anita Sands appears as Grimm's secret daughter-in-law, Grace Evans, who unknown to him is carrying his grandson.
Armstrong appeared on The Twilight Zone, in the episode "Nothing in the Dark" along with a young Robert Redford. He appeared in three episodes of Perry Mason, twice in the role of the defendant. First in 1959 he played title character Harry Bright in "The Case of the Petulant Partner," then in 1962 he played John Gregory in "The Case of the Stand-in Sister." Armstrong also appeared on Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Everglades, The Andy Griffith Show, The Fugitive, Daniel Boone, T.H.E. Cat, Hawaii Five-O, Starsky and Hutch, The Dukes of Hazzard, and Dynasty. Armstrong had a recurring role in the second season of Millennium as a reclusive visionary known only as the Old Man. In the late 1980s, he played the demonic "Uncle Lewis Vendredi" in the Canadian horror series Friday the 13th: The Series.
While working on The Westerner, Armstrong made the acquaintance of up-and-coming writer/director Sam Peckinpah. The two immediately struck up a friendship. Peckinpah recognized Armstrong's inner turmoil regarding the religious beliefs of his family and utilized that to brilliant effect in his films. Armstrong would almost always play a slightly unhinged fundamentalist Christian in Peckinpah's films, usually wielding a Bible in one hand and a shotgun in the other. This character archetype appeared in Ride the High Country (1962), Major Dundee (1965), and, perhaps most memorably, in Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973). However, Armstrong also appeared in The Ballad of Cable Hogue (1970), playing a more likeable character.
Even outside of Peckinpah's work, however, Armstrong became a tier-one character actor in his own right, appearing in dozens of films over his career, playing both villains and sympathetic characters. Some of his more memorable roles outside of Peckinpah's films include a sympathetic rancher in El Dorado (1966), Cap'n Dan in The Great White Hope (1970), outlaw Clell Miller in The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid (1972), a bumbling outlaw in My Name is Nobody (1973), Race with the Devil (1975), as well as Children of the Corn (1984), Red Headed Stranger (1986) with Willie Nelson and as the General in Predator (1987). He appeared in several of Warren Beatty's films, including Heaven Can Wait (1978), Reds (1981), and as Pruneface in Dick Tracy (1990).
Despite being typecast as gruff and violent characters throughout his career, Armstrong is well known for having had a warm and affable personality offscreen. He semi-retired from films and television in the late 1990s, but continued to be active in off-Broadway theater in New York and Los Angeles, until finally retiring from acting in 2005 because of near-blindness due to cataracts.
Personal life and death
Amstrong was married three times: his first wife was Ann Neale, with whom he had four children; he was then married to Susan Guthrie until 1976; he was married to his third wife, Mary Craven, until her death in 2004. Armstrong died of natural causes at the age of 95 on July 27, 2012 at his home in Studio City, California. He is survived by his four children from the first marriage.
- The Fugitive Kind (1959)
- Ride the High Country (1962)
- Major Dundee (1965)
- El Dorado (1966)
- The Great White Hope (1970)
- The Ballad of Cable Hogue (1970)
- J. W. Coop (1972)
- Justin Morgan Had a Horse (1972)
- The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid (1972)
- Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973)
- My Name is Nobody (1973)
- White Lightning (1973)
- Boss Nigger (1974)
- White Line Fever (1975)
- Race with the Devil (1975)
- Stay Hungry (1976)
- The Car (1977)
- Heaven Can Wait (1978)
- The Time Machine (1978)
- Fast Charlie... the Moonbeam Rider (1979)
- Reds (1981)
- Evilspeak (1981)
- The Beast Within (1982)
- The Shadow Riders (1982)
- Lone Wolf McQuade (1983)
- Children of the Corn (1984)
- The Best of Times (1986)
- Red Headed Stranger (1986)
- Predator (1987)
- Jocks (1987)
- Trapper County War (1989)
- Dick Tracy (1990)
- Warlock: The Armageddon (1993)
- Payback (1995)
- Purgatory (1999)
- The Waking (2001)
- Sam Peckinpah: Portrait (2006 Documentary)
- Catalog of Copyright Entries. Part 1. [C] Group 3. Dramatic Composition and ... - Library of Congress. Copyright Office - Google Books. Books.google.ca. 1940-09-19. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
- Slotnik, Daniel E. (31 July 2012). "R. G. Armstrong, Character Actor in Westerns, Dies at 95". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Faulk, Kent (29 July 2012). "R.G. Armstrong, prolific character actor from Birmingham, dies". The Birmingham News. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- If They Move . . . Kill 'Em!: The Life and Times of Sam Peckinpah - David Weddle - Google Books. Books.google.ca. 2000-12-18. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
- ""The Giant Killer", March 3, 1959". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "Laramie: "License to Kill", November 22, 1960". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "The Return of Mr. Grimm". Internet Movie Data Base. February 13, 1961. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
- "New York Times". R. G. Armstrong, Character Actor in Westerns, Dies at 95. Retrieved 2012-07-31.
- Names You Never Remember, With Faces You Never Forget, by Justin Humphreys. BearManor Media, Albany, 2006. ISBN 1-59393-041-0.