R28 (New York City Subway car)

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R28 (New York City Subway car)
In service 1960–2002
Manufacturer American Car and Foundry
Constructed 1960-1961
Scrapped 2001–2002
Number built 100
Number preserved 4
Number scrapped 96
Formation Semi-Married Pairs
Fleet numbers 7860-7959
Capacity 44
Operator New York City Subway
Car body construction LAHT carbon steel
Car length 51.04 feet (15.56 m)
Width 8.75 feet (2,667 mm)
Height 11.86 feet (3,615 mm)
Doors 6 per car
Maximum speed 55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight 70,000 lb (32,000 kg) (post-rebuild)
Traction system General Electric 17KG192 (7860-7909 formerly Westinghouse)
Prime mover(s) Westinghouse (WH) 1447J/JR, General Electric (GE) 1257F1
Power output 115 hp (85.8 kW)
Electric system(s) 600 V DC Third rail
Current collection method Contact shoe
Braking system(s) WABCO, "SMEE" (electrodynamic)
Coupling system H2C
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The R28 was a New York City Subway car built in 1960 and 1961 by American Car and Foundry (ACF).[1] They were a "follow-up" or supplemental stock for the "A" Division's R26s and closely resemble them. The average car cost per R28 was $114,495.[2] They operated on the IRT Division (also known as the A Division) in married pairs.

By 1982, all R28s had received air conditioning as part of a retrofitting program. The R28 cars were rebuilt between 1985 and 1987 and repainted into Redbirds by Morrison Knudsen in Hornell, New York, which extended their service lives. They were last is service operating on the 2 and 5 services before being retired in October 2002.

Retirements, scrapping and preservation[edit]

The R142 and R142A car orders replaced the entire R28 fleet.

Today, cars 7924-7925 and 7926-7927 survive. 7924-7925 are still on the New York City Subway property, and were used for work service until July 2013, when the pair was moved to Concourse Yard. 7926-7927 are currently in the Illinois Railway Museum collection undergoing restoration.

These were the last ever passenger cars built by ACF, which has since continued to focus on freight rolling stock.

Route assignment history[edit]

  • 6 (1960–1966)-All cars
  • 2/4/5 (1966–1976)-General Electric (GE) cars
  • 2/5 (1976–1985)-General Electric (GE) cars
  • 6 (1966–1985)-Westinghouse (WH) cars
  • 7 (1978–1985)-some General Electric (GE) and Westinghouse (WH) cars as a temporary replacement for cars being sent out for air conditioning, overhaul and rebuilding
  • 2/5 (1985–2002)-All cars after overhaul and rebuilding

Note; All cars became General Electric (GE) cars and became permanently paired with link bars after rebuilding.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ George Chiasson, Jr. "A Historic Perspective of the R-26, R-28, and R-29". New York City Subway Resources. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  2. ^ [1]