R38 (New York City Subway car)

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R38 (New York City Subway car)
NYCSubway4143.jpg
An R38 train on the NYCS C service.
Manufacturer St. Louis Car Company
Built at St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Constructed 1966–1967
Entered service 1966
Refurbishment 1987–1988
Scrapped 2008-2009
Number built 200
Number preserved 2
Number scrapped 198
Formation Married Pairs
Fleet numbers 3950–4149
Capacity 50 (seated)
Operator New York City Subway
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless Steel sides with Carbon Steel chassis, roof and underbody, with fiberglass top front and top rear bonnets.
Car length 60 ft (18.29 m)
Width 10 ft (3.05 m)
Height 12.08 ft (3.68 m)
Platform height 3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Doors 8
Maximum speed 55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight 77,420 lb (35,117 kg)
Traction system General Electric (GE) SCM 17KG192AE2/H7 propulsion system using General Electric (GE) 1257E1 (115 hp or 86 kW per axle)
Braking system(s) WABCO E2 "SMEE" Braking System, A.S.F. simplex unit cylinder clasp (tread) brake
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The R38 was a New York City Subway car class built in 1966-1967 for the New York City Transit Authority to run on routes previously operated by the IND and BMT. A total of 200 R38 cars were ordered.

Description[edit]

The cars were arranged in what are known as "married pairs" of two cars semi-permanently coupled together by a linkbar. Like the R32s before them, the R38s had body siding made of stainless steel.

The first two trains of R38s were placed in service at Queens Plaza after a brief introductory ceremony attended by Mayor John V. Lindsay, NYCTA Chairman Joseph O'Grady, and NYCTA Commissioners Joseph Gilhooly and Daniel T Scanell on the E and F routes on August 23, 1966, amid controversies about diverting these cars from their original assignment for the D service, However, the IND Queens Boulevard Line was short of cars and the R1-R9s assigned to Jamaica Yard were in a worse state of disrepair.

The R38 was the first subway car fleet to have air conditioning installed. The last ten cars delivered (#4140–4149) came factory equipped with Stone Safety 10-ton split system air conditioning system featuring the compressor/condenser units mounted under the cars, and the evaporator units were installed on the top interior ends of same in 1967. The experiment was finally a success after past failures and air conditioning would soon, but not immediately, become standard equipment on new rolling stock built for the system, since the first 200 R40 cars were built without air conditioning. From this point on, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) began adopting air conditioning as standard equipment on all new cars, as well as some slightly older model cars retrofitted with same to make life much more bearable throughout the subway system. This Stone Safety Air Conditioning system was adopted from their standard railroad coach or commuter coach air conditioning systems used very successfully.

The R38s were similar to the R32s, but had several differences, including a New York City Transit Authority seal on the cab ends, being half-fluted (up to the side windows) instead of fully fluted, and different interior design very similar to the last 150 R32 cars numbered 3800-3949, and slightly larger number plates.

196 of the 200 R38s were rebuilt by General Electric at its Buffalo, New York facility in 1987 and in 1988. During the rebuilding process, the R38s were fully equipped with air conditioning systems. Prior to rebuilding, the R38 featured mylar curtain route signs on their bulkheads displaying the service bullet and destination similar to the R32. After rebuilding, they received Luminator flipdot signs that displayed the service letter only, since the air conditioning evaporators mounted on the interior car ends made it rather difficult to change the front route and destination signs. The four cars that were not rebuilt were #3990-3991[1][2][3] and #4000-4001, which were involved in two different yard accidents in June of 1972, in Coney Island Yard and 207th St Yards respectively.

Retirement, scrapping, and preservation[edit]

The R160 order has replaced the entire R38 fleet. The last pair (4098-4099) made its final trip on the C service on March 18, 2009 and was later reefed.

Cars 4028-4029 have been preserved, repainted, and set aside for the New York Transit Museum and are currently being stored at Pitkin Yard along with other museum cars.[4]

In popular culture[edit]

The scene on a subway train in Coming to America was shot on an R38. Also, the opening scene of the movie Saturday Night Fever shows a train of R38s on the B service. Both scenes show the R38 before it was refurbished.

Also, the trains on the video game Grand Theft Auto IV, which are based on both the R38s and R32s, are heavily vandalized.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Sansone, Gene. Evolution of New York City subways: An illustrated history of New York City's transit cars, 1867–1997. New York Transit Museum Press, New York, 1997 ISBN 978-0-9637492-8-4

External links[edit]