R42 (New York City Subway car)
|R42 (New York City Subway car)|
An R42 train at Broadway Junction.
Interior of an R42 car.
|Manufacturer||St. Louis Car Company|
|Built at||St. Louis, Missouri, USA|
|Replaced||All remaining BMT Standards, and many R1s|
|Number built||400 (many retired)|
|Number in service||50 (40 in revenue service during rush hours)|
|Operator||New York City Subway|
|Depot(s)||East New York Yard|
|Car body construction||Stainless Steel with Carbon Steel chassis and underbody, Fiberglass A-end bonnet|
|Train length||2 car train: 120.4 feet (36.7 m)
4 car train: 240.8 feet (73.4 m)
6 car train: 361.2 feet (110.1 m)
8 car train: 481.6 feet (146.8 m)
10 car train: 602 feet (183 m)
|Car length||60 ft (18.29 m)|
|Width||10 ft (3,048 mm)|
|Height||12.08 ft (3,682 mm)|
|Platform height||3.76 ft (1.15 m)|
|Maximum speed||55 mph (89 km/h)|
|Weight||74,388.5 lb (33,742 kg)|
|Traction system||General Electric (GE) SCM propulsion system using Westinghouse 1447J motors
115 hp (85.8 kW) on all axles
|Electric system(s)||600 V DC Third rail|
|Current collection method||Contact shoe|
|Braking system(s)||CI Rebuilds: New York Air Brake SMEE/ Newtran (dynamic and friction), A.S.F. simplex unit cylinder clasp (tread) brake
MK Rebuilds: WABCO "SMEE" Braking System, A.S.F. simplex unit cylinder clasp (tread) brake
|Coupling system||Westinghouse H2C|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The R42 is a New York City Subway car model built between 1969 and 1970 by the St. Louis Car Company in St. Louis, Missouri, serving the B Division (IND/BMT). This fleet was the first to be fully equipped with Stone Safety 10 ton air conditioning systems/units similarly found on the last ten (10) R38 and R40A cars. The R42 fleet is numbered 4550-4949. It was the last 60-foot (18.29 m) B Division car built for the New York City Subway until the R143 in 2001, and the last car model class to be built in married pairs. Thereafter, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA), for the time being, switched to 75-foot (22.86 m) cars for the B Division.
On May 9, 1969, cars 4554-4555 entered service on the N route as part of a mixed consist with R40Ms. Although, there were some slight cosmetic differences, the R40Ms and R42s were for all practical purposes the same car type.
Maintenance and Accidents
In 1977 pantograph gates, modified and salvaged from retired Arnines were installed on these cars, and also on the R40Ms as a safety measure.
Between 1988 and 1989, R42s underwent overhaul as a result of deferred maintenance in the New York City Subway during the 1970s and the 1980s. 282 cars (4550–4839) were overhauled by Morrisen-Knudsen while the last 110 cars (4840–4949) were rebuilt in-house by the Coney Island Overhaul Shop in Brooklyn. The one minor difference in appearance between the two overhauls was that many cars of the Coney Island version featured the original blue door indicator lights at the ends of the cars, whereas these lights were removed from the Morrison-Knudsen rebuilds. Also, all cars became General Electric (GE) cars after rebuilding.
Cars 4680-4681, 4714-4715, and 4766-4767 were scrapped in 1984 due to various accidents. On June 6, 1995, cars 4664-4665 was involved in a collision on the Williamsburg Bridge. Car 4664 was scrapped in 2000 (with cars 4685 and 4726, which were not involved in the accident) while 4665 was mated with straight-ended R40A car 4460, which lost its mate in the same accident. On November 6, 2007, an M train of R42s was involved in an accident when the motorman attempted to relay it south of the Chambers Street station. As the R42 fleet was being retired at the time, the entire consist was hauled to 207th Street Yard for reefing instead of being repaired even though only the first two cars suffered major damage.
Retirements, Scrapping and Preservation
The R160s have replaced many of the R42s. They were intended to replace the entire fleet, but this has been halted due to structural issues found on the R44s. 50 cars (#4788-4817 and #4820-4839) still remain in service and are assigned to East New York Yard, operating on the J and Z trains. After retirement, most cars were stripped and sunk as artificial reefs along the Atlantic coast.
- Cars 4730, 4731, 4624,4625, 4818,4819, 4786, and 4787
- Mooney, Jake (May 3, 2009), "Very Closely Watched Trains", The New York Times (New York, NY): CY1
- Sansone, Gene. Evolution of New York City subways: An illustrated history of New York City's transit cars, 1867-1997. New York Transit Museum Press, New York, 1997 ISBN 978-0-9637492-8-4
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