RAAD (anti-tank missile)
|Place of origin||Iran|
|In service||1997 - Present|
|Used by||See Operators|
|Wars||2006 Lebanon War|
|Manufacturer||Parchin Missile Industries, Defense Industries Organization|
|Number built||1,500 missiles
2,250 by 2004
|Weight||11.78 kg (Missile)
23 kg (Guidance System)
|Effective firing range||400 - 3000 m|
The RAAD (Persian: رعد, meaning "thunder") family of missiles is manufactured in Iran and based on the Soviet 9K11 Malyutka anti-tank guided missile with a range of a few kilometres. It is not to be confused with Iran's Ra'ad anti ship missile and Pakistan's Ra'ad cruise missile.
From 1996 to 2004, a total of 2,250 RAAD missiles were produced in Iran.
It was said that plans to start production of the RAAD started in 1994 when Chinese and North Korean assistance was enlisted in producing missiles to boost its domestic weapons industry followed by actual production in 1995 with the actual weapon being unveiled by Defense Industries Organization on April 30, 1997. Due to shortage of Western-made anti-tank weapons, it forced Iran to seek out alternate anti-tank weapons that included the purchase of the 9K11 Malyutka.
In 1998, it was reported that Iran had begun producing an improved version of the Russian AT-3B . The new missile was called the Improved Raad or I-Raad with improvements that include a new front airframe fitted with a tandem high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead.
- Based on the producer of the 9K11 Malyutka
- "Parchin". 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2009-01-12.
- "Ракетная промышленность, Военная промышленность Ирана" (in Russian). War Online. 2002-12-19. Retrieved 2009-01-12.
- "Transfers and licensed production of major conventional weapons: Imports sorted by recipient. Deals with deliveries or orders made 1994-2004". Retrieved 2009-02-21.
- I-RAAD-T brochure
- It's assumed that the Iranians had copied the basis of the guidance unit.
- Iran Builds Cruise Missile. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
- "Missile Chronology, 1994". Nuclear Threat Initiative. May 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-12.[dead link]
- "Missile Chronology, 1997". Nuclear Threat Initiative. February 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-12.[dead link]
- "AIO Raad Anti-Tank Guided Weapon (Iran), Vehicle-mounted anti-tank guided weapons". Jane's Information Group. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- Kirill & Oleg Granovsky (2002-07-20). "Weapons Found on 'Karine-A' and 'Santorini'". Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- Riad Kahwaji (2006-08-20). "Arab States Eye Better Spec Ops, Missiles". Ocnus.Net. Retrieved 2009-01-12.
- "Iran Replenishes Hizbullah’s Arms Inventory, Jane’s Defence Weekly". 2007-01-03. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
- "AT-3 SAGGER Anti-Tank Guided Missile". Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- "RAAD series anti-tank weapon systems (Iran), Anti-tank weapons". Jane's Information Group. 2008-12-31. Retrieved 2009-02-20.[dead link]