RAF Aldergrove

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RAF Aldergrove
Aldergrove crest.jpg
RAF Aldergrove Station badge
Active 1918 – 2009
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Role Air support to Army and PSNI activities
Part of Air Command
Located 18 miles north-west of Belfast
Motto Ours to hold

RAF Aldergrove (now named Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station Aldergrove) was a Royal Air Force station situated 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Belfast, Northern Ireland. It adjoined Belfast International Airport, sometimes referred to simply as Aldergrove which is the name of the surrounding area. The station shared the Aldergrove runways but had its own separate facilities and helipad.

History[edit]

RAF Aldergrove first opened in 1918 but was not designated as an operational RAF station until 1925. Aldergrove’s location made it an important station of RAF Coastal Command in the Battle of the Atlantic during the Second World War. From the base, long-range reconnaissance aircraft were able to patrol the Eastern Atlantic for U-boats. Some of these patrols ranged as far out as the distant islet of Rockall.

Aldergrove was designated as a dispersal airfield for the RAF's V bomber force in the 1950s and was included in a reduced list of 26 airfields in 1962. In 1968 a maintenance unit (No.23 MU) for the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II in RAF service was established at Aldergrove, with 116 aircraft passing through on their way to front line service. Aldergrove was also the main servicing and reconditioning station for the English Electric Canberra from their introduction in 1951. In 1976, the station had a staff of 2,500 RAF personnel and 1,500 civilians.[1]

No. 72 Squadron operated Westland Wessex helicopters from Aldergrove from 1969[2] until its disbandment in 2002.

No. 230 Squadron was re-deployed from Germany to RAF Aldergrove in 1992, where it operated Aérospatiale Puma HC1 helicopters until its relocation to RAF Benson in 2009.

The Army Air Corps also operated Westland Lynx and Aérospatiale Gazelle helicopters as well as de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver aircraft in its joint operations with the RAF's Reconnaissance Intelligence Centre (Northern Ireland); the Beaver was replaced by the Britten-Norman Islander late in 1988.

Eurocopter similar to that used by the Police Service of Northern Ireland

No. 18 Squadron also operated detachments of Boeing Chinook during the late 80s in support of the British Army in Northern Ireland.

Aldergrove is now home to the Joint Helicopter Force Northern Ireland (JHF(NI)), which provides Gazelle and Islander aircraft in support of the Police Service of Northern Ireland and military units for Operation Helvetic, and for other operations abroad. Its current role is to support this flying.[3][4]

Due to the closure of RAF Machrihanish, the base is now used annually for Air Training Corps cadets as a training camp, where cadets from Scotland and Northern Ireland Region gather for a week of fieldcraft, shooting, first aid and other activities.

Aldergrove officially ceased to be an RAF Station on 20 September 2009 when, after the annual Battle of Britain parade, the RAF ensign was lowered for the last time and the Joint Helicopter Command flag was hoisted in its place.[5]

Units based at Aldergrove[edit]

A British Army Air Corps Gazelle helicopter similar to that now based at Aldergrove
United States Air Force (USAF) Boeing C-17 Globemaster III operating from Aldergrove in support of U.S. Presidential visit, 2003.

Notable military aircraft which have visited Aldergrove[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Northern Ireland Committee of Irish Congress of Trade Unions, "The Defence Stations in Northern Ireland: The Case for Retention", March 1976
  2. ^ 72 Squadron. RAF. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  3. ^ JHC Flying Station Aldergrove
  4. ^ Operation HELVETIC - Joint Helicopter Force Northern Ireland (JHF(NI))
  5. ^ Lowering of RAF Ensign RAF Website]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Docherty, Tom. Ours to Hold: RAF Aldergrove at War, 1939-1945. Cowbit, Spalding, Lincolnshire, UK: Old Forge Publishing, 2008. ISBN 978-1-906183-03-5.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°39′18″N 6°13′37″W / 54.655°N 6.227°W / 54.655; -6.227