RAF Army Cooperation Command
|RAF Army Cooperation Command|
|Founded||1940 - 1943|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Role||Cooperation with the British Army|
The command was formed on 1 December 1940 when No. 22 (Army Co-Operation) Group, previously a part of Fighter Command, was raised to command status. Initially it controlled two groups: No. 70 Group RAF for training and No. 71 Group RAF for operations. In August 1941, 71 Group re-organized its squadrons into a Wing basis. Each Wing was directly attached to a UK based Army regional Command.
Its function was to act as the focus for activities connected with the interaction of the British Army and the RAF, such as close air support, tactical reconnaissance, artillery spotting, training of anti-aircraft defences. It was also responsible for developing tactics for the future invasion of Europe, where direct air support proved to be decisive.
Army Co-Operation Command proved to be a controversial command, with the Chief of the Imperial General Staff General Sir Alan Brooke being an implacable foe of the command arrangement. It was disbanded on 31 March 1943, when most of its assets were used to form the Second Tactical Air Force.
|This section is incomplete. (June 2012)|
- No 70 (Army Co-Operation Training) Group - 1 December 1940 - 1 June 1943 (transferred to ADGB)
- No 71 (Army Co-Operation ) Group - 1 December 1940 - 14 August 1941 disbanded. (Squadrons transferred to operational Wings attached to regional Army Commands)
- No 72 (Army Co-Operation Training) Group - 16 September 1942 - 1 August 1943 (disbanded)
- Wings -
- 32 Wing RAF -Attached to the Army's Scottish Command
- 33 Wing RAF -Attached to the Army's Northern Command
- 34 Wing RAF -Attached to the Army's Eastern Command
- 35 Wing RAF -Attached to the Army's South Eastern Command
- 36 Wing RAF -Attached to the Army's South Western Command
- 37 Wing RAF -Attached to the Army's Western Command
- 38 Wing RAF -Attached to the Airborne Division
- No. 4 Squadron RAF - Lysanders then Tomahawks and Mustangs
- No. 26 Squadron RAF - Lysanders in France then Tomahawks and Mustangs at RAF Lympne
- No. 168 Squadron RAF -
- No. 171 Squadron RAF - formed 15 June 1942 at RAF Gatwick with Tomahawks for tactical reconnaissance
- No. 239 Squadron RAF
- No. 268 Squadron RAF
- No. 400 Squadron RCAF - Lysanders then Tomahawks then Mustangs
- No. 414 Squadron RCAF - Tomahawks then Mustangs.
- Delve 1994, p. 100.
- Delve 1994, p. 100.
- Delve, Ken. The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1994. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
- "The Army's Wings are in the news" contemporary reporting of Army Cooperation Command