RAF Coltishall

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RAF Coltishall
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg
RAF Coltishall crest.jpg
Station crest
IATA: CLFICAO: EGYC
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Defence Estates - an Executive Agency of the Ministry of Defence
Operator Royal Air Force
1940-2006
Location Norfolk, England
Built 1939 (1939)
In use 29 May 1940 - 30 November 2006 (2006)
Elevation AMSL 66 ft / 20 m
Coordinates 52°45′17″N 001°21′26″E / 52.75472°N 1.35722°E / 52.75472; 1.35722Coordinates: 52°45′17″N 001°21′26″E / 52.75472°N 1.35722°E / 52.75472; 1.35722
Map
RAF Coltishall is located in Norfolk
RAF Coltishall
RAF Coltishall
Location in Norfolk
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
04/22 7,500 2,286 grooved Asphalt

Royal Air Force Station Coltishall, more commonly known as RAF Coltishall (IATA: CLFICAO: EGYC), is a former Royal Air Force station located 10 miles (16 km) North-North-East of Norwich, in the English county of Norfolk, East Anglia, which operated from 1938 to 2006.[1]

It was a fighter airfield in the Second World War and afterwards a station for night fighters then ground attack aircraft until closure.

After longstanding speculation, the future of the station was sealed once the Ministry of Defence announced that the Typhoon, a rolling replacement aircraft, displacing the ageing Jaguars, would not be posted there. The last of the Jaguar squadrons left on 1 April 2006 and the station finally closed, one month early and £10 million under budget, on 30 November 2006.

The station motto was Aggressive in Defence. The station badge is a stone tower surmounted by a mailed fist grasping three bind bolts (arrows), which symbolised a position of strength in defence of the homeland, indicative of the aggressive spirit which Coltishall fighter aircraft were prepared to shoot down the enemy.

History[edit]

Second World War[edit]

Work on RAF Coltishall was started in February 1939. The airfield, then known as Scottow Aerodrome, was initially built as a bomber station, on land near Scottow Hall. Following the established tradition, the station would have been named after the nearest railway station, which would have made it "RAF Buxton", but to avoid possible confusion with the town of Buxton in Derbyshire, it was named after the local village of Coltishall instead. The airfield was completed and entered service in May 1940 as a fighter base. The first aircraft movement at Coltishall was a Bristol Blenheim IV L7835 flown by Sergeant RG Bales and Sergeant Barnes.

During the Second World War, Coltishall operated the Hawker Hurricane, and a notable Coltishall fighter pilot was Douglas Bader. It later became home to night fighters. At the same time the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm operated aircraft from RAF Coltishall over the North Sea. From 10 February to 7 April 1945 it was the airfield for No. 124 Squadron RAF, at that time a fighter-bomber squadron flying Supermarine Spitfire IX.HF's, whilst the squadron was bombing V2 launch sites in the Netherlands. At the end of the war, Coltishall was briefly given over to Polish squadrons until they returned home.

Post war[edit]

In the 1950s, RAF Coltishall was a designated a "V-Bomber dispersal airfield", which V bombers (the British nuclear deterrent) - the Avro Vulcan, Handley Page Victor and Vickers Valiant - could use in the event of their home station being damaged by enemy action.

Post-war, the station was home to a variety of units and aircraft including de Havilland Mosquitos, Gloster Javelins, English Electric Lightnings and - from 1963 - the "Historic Aircraft Flight" (now known as the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight). The last Lightnings left Coltishall in 1974, and were replaced by the Anglo-French SEPECAT Jaguar. The first Jaguar squadron, No. 54 Squadron RAF, arrived at Coltishall on 8 August 1974.

In terms of fixed wing aircraft, the station was exclusively a Jaguar station from then on, and some of the station's pink painted Jaguars participated in the 1991 Gulf War Operation GRANBY and Operation Warden, without sustaining a single loss of man or machine, and in subsequent operations over Balkans (Operation Deny Flight)) and then later Iraq once more. Coltishall was also home to the yellow Search And Rescue (SAR) helicopters of 202 Sqn conducting air-sea rescue operations (Sea King) and latterly 22 Sqn (Wessex), but under subsequent reorganisation, the SAR operations were moved to RAF Wattisham, in Suffolk where they remain.

Coltishall eventually became the last surviving operational RAF airfield involved in the Battle of Britain other than RAF Northolt, and a visible remnant in the form of a Second World War revetment still stands on the North-West taxiway and, together with one of the two sets of 1950s blast walls, is now a scheduled monument.[2]

Earmarked for closure[edit]

With the anticipated arrival of the Eurofighter Typhoon in the RAF, the gradual retirement of the Jaguar force began. Coltishall was not chosen as a future Typhoon airfield for a number of reasons, and so, with no future RAF role for Coltishall, the station was earmarked for closure.

The UK's Ministry of Defence, in the Delivering Security in a Changing World review, announced that the station would close by December 2006. The first two Jaguar squadrons to disband, No. 16 Squadron RAF and No. 54 Squadron RAF, did so on 11 March 2005. The final Jaquar squadrons departed on 1 April 2006, when No. 6 Squadron RAF transferred to RAF Coningsby, but was subsequently disbanded on 31 May 2007 (to await delivery of the Eurofighter Typhoon at RAF Leuchars in Scotland), and No. 41 Squadron RAF transferred to RAF Coningsby in OCU role. The final front line RAF movement from the station was by Jaguar XZ112, piloted by Jim Luke, on 3 April 2006.

Of the final gate guardians, the replica Hawker Hurricane was transferred to RAF High Wycombe, and the Jaguar was formally named the Spirit of Coltishall, and was subsequently transferred to the grounds of Norfolk County Council where she is dedicated to the memory of all those who served at Coltishall.

Some limited flying from light aircraft including those of the Coltishall Flying Club did continue after the end of RAF flying operations, until October 2006. While 1 April 2006 saw the disbandment parade for the station, it did not actually disband and finally close until 30 November 2006. Associated facilities such as the Douglas Bader Primary School were also closed. On the final day of the station the gates were opened to the public - anybody with photographic ID was welcomed onto the station to have a look around and view the final closing ceremony, which saw a flypast by four RAF Jaguars, and a solitary Hawker Hurricane from the Imperial War Museum Duxford.

On 30 November 2006, RAF Coltishall was officially handed over to Defence Estates (the MoD agency responsible for all UK Military sites) who are to handle the disposal of the site, and will be formally known as MoD Coltishall until its ultimate disposal.

Sold to Norfolk County council for £4,000,000.00 and is To-Let as of 16.03.2014.

Station Commanders[edit]

Robert 'Bob' Stanford Tuck c.1941, later to become Commanding Officer of RAF Coltishall
Note: The ranks shown are the ranks held at the time of holding the appointment of Commanding Officer, Royal Air Force Coltishall.
date from date to Rank Name
15 May 1940 9 January 1941 Wing Commander W K Beisiegal
9 January 1941 11 September 1942 Group Captain Ronald Lees
11 September 1942 20 April 1943 Group Captain George D Harvey
20 April 1943 10 December 1943 Group Captain Arthur V Harvey
10 December 1943 25 May 1945 Group Captain A H Donaldson
25 May 1945 9 August 1945 Group Captain A H Dunn
9 August 1945 27 February 1946 Group Captain T H Rolski
27 February 1946 13 February 1947 Group Captain Aleksander Gabszewicz
13 February 1947 22 January 1948 Wing Commander Robert Stanford Tuck
22 January 1948 6 March 1950 Wing Commander Denis Spotswood
6 March 1950 1 February 1951 Wing Commander E L Colbeck-Welch
1 February 1951 8 May 1953 Group Captain A H Smythe
8 May 1953 12 December 1955 Group Captain P P Hanks
12 December 1955 25 November 1958 Group Captain J C Sisson
25 November 1958 1 June 1959 Wing Commander W Laing
1 June 1959 15 November 1961 Group Captain Harold A C Bird-Wilson
15 November 1961 1 November 1963 Group Captain L H Malins
1 December 1963 3 June 1966 Group Captain R L Topp
4 June 1966 3 January 1969 Group Captain M E Hobson
3 January 1969 20 November 1969 Group Captain W J Stacey
20 November 1969 18 November 1971 Group Captain J T Jennings
18 November 1971 28 December 1973 Group Captain J A Gilbert
28 December 1973 6 August 1976 Group Captain L Swart
6 August 1976 6 September 1978 Group Captain J H Honey
6 September 1978 15 October 1980 Group Captain T H Stonor
15 October 1980 3 December 1982 Group Captain T J Nash
3 December 1982 8 February 1985 Group Captain G R Profit
8 February 1985 4 June 1987 Group Captain M R French
4 June 1987 2 August 1989 Group Captain F J Hoare
3 August 1989 16 August 1991 Group Captain M J Abbott
16 August 1991 5 July 1993 Group Captain J P Dacre
5 July 1993 28 July 1995 Group Captain N C Rusling
28 July 1999 5 September 1997 Group Captain T C Hewlett
5 September 1997 5 September 1999 Group Captain Stephen G G Dalton
6 September 1999 5 October 2001 Group Captain Chris N Harper
6 October 2001 28 November 2003 Group Captain R D Cobelli
28 November 2003 2006 Group Captain Graham A Wright, OBE
2006 13 October 2006 Wing Commander Paul Robins[3]
13 October 2006 30 November 2006 Squadron Leader Jason Hughes[4]

Coltishall aircraft[edit]

Jaguar GR3A of 41 Sqn

Some 40-plus different types of aircraft have operated out of Coltishall at various points in its history, among these:

Resident Squadron aircraft[edit]

Image of the various Crests painted on the central aircraft hangar.
These depict the final full capacity status of RAF Coltishall.
From left to right: No.6 Sqn, RAF Coltishall station crest, No.16 Sqn - No.41 Sqn, No.1 Group Headquarters RAF, No.54 Sqn.

Non-resident aircraft[edit]

Operated by detachments from other squadrons
SAR Air/Sea Rescue squadron detachments
Operated by the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm
BBMF

As home to the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight, a sole Avro Lancaster bomber operated out of Coltishall post war.

Coltishall Squadrons[edit]

56 Sqn "scoreboard"
A 41 Sqn Jaguar T4A 2-seat trainer on detachment

Redevelopment[edit]

The former married quarters were transferred to the MoD's preferred property agents, Annington Homes, who started the lengthy process of upgrading the former military housing into civilian houses for sale on the open market.

During January 2007, the Home Office expressed an interest in the site, and in early February earmarked it for potential use as an immigration detention facility, but this was subsequently ruled out.

In July 2007, a petition was set up on the 10 Downing St website by Jeremy Godwin to campaign for Coltishall to be reopened as a Civil Airfield.

In December 2007, fresh reports in the media suggested the site would be used as a prison, but this angered local residents who had not been informed of the disposal progress.

In January 2009, a plan to build a Category C prison at the site was approved by North Norfolk District Council.[5] The entire site is now under the temporary control of the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) and, as of October 2009, building works on converting all of the former H-blocks is near completion, along with the completion of the dual perimeter fences, and a new access road. The new establishment will be known as HMP Bure, named after a nearby river, and will house 500 male sex offenders.[6]

On 19 July 2010, North Norfolk District Council proposed that the entire site should be designated as a Conservation Area because of its historical and architectural interest.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Official Commemorative Magazine: Royal Air Force Coltishall, 65th Anniversary, 'Aggressive in Defence' 1940-2005
  2. ^ English Heritage. "World War II fighter pen, Cold War blast walls and associated remains at the airfield formerly known as RAF Coltishall (1021425)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Norwich.gov.uk Norwich City Council news release - A final farewell to RAF Coltishall retrieved 12 October 2006
  4. ^ AirSceneUK.org.uk Spirit of Coltishall Retrieved 30 November 2006
  5. ^ BBC.co.uk Prison at old RAF base approved
  6. ^ "Norfolk ex-airbase jail to house sex offenders". Archant Regional Ltd (EDP24.co.uk). 11 August 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jennings, Mick MBE. Royal Air Force Coltishall, Fighter Station. A Station History. Cowbit, Spalding, Lincolnshire, UK: Old Forge Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-906183-01-1.
  • Sullivan, Wing Commander John MBE, MSc, RAF. Big Cat Diary: The Last Year of the Jaguar with 6 Squadron RAF. Published by the author, 2008. ISBN 0-9557247-0-8.

External links[edit]