RAF Debach

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Royal Air Force Station Debach
USAAF Station 152

Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Eighth Air Force - Emblem (World War II).png

Located Near Woodbridge, Suffolk, United Kingdom
Debachairfield-15apr1946.png
Aerial Photo of Debach Airfield - 15 April 1946
Coordinates 52°08′19.95″N 001°16′11.06″E / 52.1388750°N 1.2697389°E / 52.1388750; 1.2697389
Type Military airfield
Site information
Controlled by Royal Air Force
United States Army Air Forces
Site history
Built 1943
In use 1944-1946
Battles/wars European Theatre of World War II
Air Offensive, Europe July 1942 - May 1945
RAF Debach is located in Suffolk
RAF Debach
RAF Debach, shown within Suffolk
Garrison information
Garrison Royal Air Force
Eighth Air Force

RAF Debach is a former World War II airfield in England. The field is located 3 miles NW of Woodbridge, Suffolk.

USAAF use[edit]

Debach was one of the last Eighth Air Force heavy bomber stations to be occupied. being built by the 820th Engineer Battalion (Aviation) of the US Army during 1943/1944. It was assigned USAAF designation Station 152 (DC).

The USAAF is remembered in the village's sign.
B-24s of the 862d Bomb Squadron getting ready for takeoff at Debach.
Boeing B-17G-85-BO Fortress Serial 43-38395 of the 493d Bomb Group.

493rd Bombardment Group (Heavy)[edit]

The airfield was opened in April 1944 and was used by the United States Army Air Forces 8th Air Force 493d Bombardment Group (Heavy), arriving from RAF Elveden Hall. The 493d was assigned to the 93d Combat Bombardment Wing, and the group tail code was a "Square-X" while equipped with B-24s. Its operational squadrons were:

The group flew both the B-24 Liberator and the B-17 Flying Fortress as part of the Eighth Air Force's strategic bombing campaign. Debach airfield was the last Eighth Air Force heavy bomber station to become operational, the group flying its first mission on D-Day. Unfortunately the American engineers had not made a very satisfactory job of constructing the runway and the concrete soon started to break up. By the end of 1944, the runway was so bad that the group had to move temporarily to RAF Little Walden while runways were repaired and strengthened. The group returned to Debach in March 1945.

The 493d BG used B-24's until they were replaced with B-17's in September 1944. The group operated chiefly against industrial and military installations in Germany, attacking an ordnance depot at Magdeburg, marshalling yards at Cologne, synthetic oil plants at Merseburg, a railroad tunnel at Ahrweiler, bridges at Irlich, factories at Frankfurt, and other strategic objectives. On 25 September, a bombardment of Strasbourg left a number of buildings destroyed in the historical city centre.

Additional operations included striking airfields, bridges, and gun batteries prior to and during the invasion of Normandy in June 1944; hitting enemy positions to assist ground forces south of Caen and at Saint-Lô in July 1944; bombing German fortifications to cover the airborne attack on the Netherlands in September 1944; attacking enemy communications during the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944-January 1945; and assisting the airborne assault across the Rhine in March 1945.

The 493d Bomb Group flew its last combat mission, an attack on marshalling yards at Nauen, on 20 April 1945.

The unit returned to Sioux Falls AAF South Dakota and was inactivated on 28 August 1945.

Postwar use[edit]

After the war, Debach was used first as a camp for German POWs and later for displaced persons before being abandoned about 1948. It was sold in 1963-64, the main N-S runway becoming the boundary between two adjoining farms. The more interesting western side includes the control tower and several original buildings.

The northern end of the main runway was sold in 1969 for the construction of a mushroom farm. Much of the concrete runways and taxiways were ground into aggregate for use during road building, and the land reclaimed to be used for agricultural crops. Many of the buildings on the former Technical site were torn down with one man being killed during the removal of the north-east T2 hangar. The other hangar is now a farm grain store. The old control tower still stands in a decayed state due to vandalism, and pylons carrying electricity now cross the southern edge of the former airfield.

There are plans to restore the control tower to be used as a museum to the 493rd Bomb Group.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]

Media related to RAF Debach at Wikimedia Commons