RAF Doncaster

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For the Rugby Football Club, see Doncaster R.F.C..
RAF Doncaster
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg
IATA: noneICAO: EGCI
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Ministry of Defence
Operator Royal Air Force
Location Doncaster
Built 1926
Elevation AMSL 26 ft / 8 m
Coordinates 53°30′26″N 001°06′18″W / 53.50722°N 1.10500°W / 53.50722; -1.10500Coordinates: 53°30′26″N 001°06′18″W / 53.50722°N 1.10500°W / 53.50722; -1.10500
Map
RAF Doncaster is located in South Yorkshire
RAF Doncaster
RAF Doncaster
Location in South Yorkshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
05/23 825 Grass

RAF Doncaster, also referred to as Doncaster Aerodrome, was a Royal Air Force station near Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England.

The first Aviation meeting in England[edit]

In 1909, Doncaster and specifically Doncaster Racecourse was chosen as the venue for an airshow, after the world's first international air display in Rheims in 1908. Around a dozen aviators were present, the most famous being Léon Delagrange, and Roger Sommer. Samuel Cody in an attempt to win a prize offered by The Daily Mail for the first British pilot in a British aeroplane to fly a circular mile signed British naturalisation papers in front of the crowd with the band playing both the Star Spangled Banner and the National Anthem. Unfortunately, he crashed his aeroplane on the first day of the meeting and made no significant flights.

Artist Dudley Hardy drew caricatures of participating flyers, Captain Sir Walter George Windham, Léon Delagrange, Hubert Le Blon, Louis Schreck, Roger Sommer and Samuel Cody, for the show's souvenir programme, together with Wilbur Wright and Louis Bleriot, who didn't participate.[1]

First World War[edit]

During the First World War Royal Flying Corps fighters were first based at Doncaster Racecourse, then at a temporary airstrip near Finningley (later RAF Finningley and now Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffield) and finally in 1916, at a newly built airfield beside the racecourse. Station fighters were deployed to defend the east coast against Zeppelins, and used in the training of pilots for the war in France. Within months of the war ending the entire station was put up for sale and two of its three Belfast hangars, (the same type of hangar forming the basis for the Royal Air Force Museum at Hendon), were sold to a Sheffield motor manufacturing company for storage and assembly at Finningley. One third of the hangars stayed in place, mainly housing buses, until the 1970s when they were demolished and replaced with modern buildings.[clarification needed]

Aviation Centre[edit]

In 1920 the Government asked local authorities to assist in the formation of a chain of airfields so that the country would not lag behind other nations in the provision of civil air services. Consequently on 26 May 1934 Doncaster, with advice from Alan Cobham, opened an Aviation Centre . Development of the airfield continued and on 1 July 1936 an international service was open to Amsterdam.

On 18 November 1938, after discussions with the Air Ministry, No. 616 Squadron RAF of the Auxiliary Air Force was formed. Shortly after the outbreak of war in 1939 the Squadron took part in the Battle of Britain.[2] It was the first to be equipped with the Gloster Meteor, and in 1944 was re-equipped with Douglas C-47 Skytrain Dakotas after which it was re-based in Southern England to take part in Operation Overlord. For his actions during the Squadron's part in the airborne invasion at Arnhem, Flight Lieutenant David Lord was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. After the departure of 616 Squadron the station was left with No. 271 Squadron RAF, composed mainly of requisitioned civilian aircraft and obsolete twin-engined bombers.

Post Second World War[edit]

After the war the airfield reverted to civilian flying and finally closed in 1992.[3] The last original RAF buildings on the airfield now house the South Yorkshire Aircraft Museum[4] and the Yorkshire Helicopter Preservation Group.[5]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Dudley Hardy: "Doncaster Aviation Meeting Souvenir Programme" Science and Society Picture Library; retrieved 18 April 2011
  2. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 00.
  3. ^ RAF Doncaster wartimememories.co.uk; retrieved 18 April 2011
  4. ^ AeroVenture South Yorkshire Aircraft Museum; retrieved 18 April 2011
  5. ^ Yorkshire Helicopter Preservation Group; retrieved 18 April 2011

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jefford, C.G, MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]