RAF East Kirkby

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For the post 1981 use of this facility, see the Lincolnshire Aviation Heritage Centre
RAF East Kirkby
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svgRoundel of the USAF.svg
Memorial to Number 57 and 630 Sqn, East Kirkby. - geograph.org.uk - 1554151.jpg
Memorial to Number 57 and 630 Sqn, East Kirkby
IATA: noneICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Air Ministry
Operator Royal Air Force
United States Air Force
Location East Kirkby, Lincolnshire
Built 1943 (1943)
In use 1943-1958 (1958)
Elevation AMSL 46 ft / 14 m
Coordinates 53°08′20″N 00°00′02″W / 53.13889°N 0.00056°W / 53.13889; -0.00056Coordinates: 53°08′20″N 00°00′02″W / 53.13889°N 0.00056°W / 53.13889; -0.00056
Map
RAF East Kirkby is located in Lincolnshire
RAF East Kirkby
RAF East Kirkby
Location in Lincolnshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
00/00 0 0 Asphalt
00/00 0 0 Asphalt
00/00 0 0 Asphalt

Royal Air Force Station East Kirkby or more simply RAF East Kirkby is a former Royal Air Force station near the village of East Kirkby, south of Horncastle in Lincolnshire, just off the A155. The Greenwich meridian passes through the base.

History[edit]

The base opened on 20 August 1943 as a Bomber Command Station and is situated not far from RAF Coningsby.[1]

Stationed at East Kirkby were:

RAF East Kirkby served also as the headquarters of No 5/5 (Bomber) Group RAF in command of satellite stations at RAF Strubby, RAF Spilsby, RAF Hemswell and RAF Manby.

Operations[edit]

On 17 April 1945, near the end of the Second World War, a 57 Squadron Lancaster was being loaded with bombs when a fully armed 1,000 lb bomb was unintentionally dropped onto the tarmac. Because the bomb had had its fuse inserted it detonated, setting off the rest of the Lancaster's bombload. A massive explosion killed three airmen, injured 16 others, wrote off six other Lancasters beyond repair and badly damaged a nearby aircraft hangar.[1]

The final wartime raid from East Kirkby was flown on 25 April 1945. In total, 212 operations were carried out during the war, from which 121 Lancasters did not return. Another 29 aircraft were lost due to operational crashes or accidents.

Post war[edit]

630 Squadron disbanded in July that year and its place was taken by No. 460 Squadron RAAF from RAF Binbrook. This squadron joined No. 57 for transfer to the Far East as part of Tiger Force. In the 1950s, the base was used by the United States Air Force for Air Rescue squadrons for four years. The station (code name Silksheen) closed in 1958.[2] It was sold by the government in 1964.

Aircraft museum[edit]

The airfield, until that point being the site of broiler sheds owned by Mansfield's J.B.Eastwood Ltd, was bought in 1981 by Fred and Harold Panton, and is now home to an air museum, Lincolnshire Aviation Heritage Centre. In 1988, they bought Just Jane the gate guardian Lancaster bomber from RAF Scampton, which is regularly taxied out and stood with the four Rolls Royce Merlin XXIV engines running. Just Jane is one of only three airworthy Lancasters still capable of flying, but will not fly until the privately run museum can afford an air worthiness certificate.

NX611 was built by Austin Aero Ltd at their Cofton Hackett Works just south of Birmingham, rolling out of the Flight Shed on 16 April 1945, when it was put into storage, and in 1952, it was one of 54 Lancasters sold to the French Naval Air Arm, (L’Aeronavale) for £50,000 each as part of a 1951 NATO arrangement. It was designated WU-15 (Western Union). In June 1961,it joined Escadrille 9S (Surveillance), in Nouméa, New Caledonia.

On 15 April 1964, it accompanied Lancaster NX665 (WU-13), on delivery to the RNZAF, from New Caledonia to Auckland, New Zealand, returning to New Caledonia, with the crew of NX665. In 1965, its service with the L’Aeronavale over, due to spares shortages and maintenance problems, it was flown to England and on 12 September 1965, was in the Skyfame Museum at Staverton airfield, Gloucestershire. It had flown 2,330 hours. It was registered as G - ASXX and later stood as the gate guardian at RAF Scampton before being acquired by the museum owners.

East Kirkby watchtower

The control tower is believed to be haunted.[3] The airfield was featured in a 1980s BBC series about World War II airfields. Much of the runway is still intact today but mainly used by local farmers as hard standing and by model aircraft enthusiasts. Occasional civilian light aircraft have landed on the remaining runway in recent years and the airfield still appears on Civil Aviation Maps as a diversion emergency landing location.

A memorial to the fallen can be found outside the main gate where the guard house once stood.[2]

In 2008 the museum opened an unlicenced part-grass and part-concrete landing strip for visiting military and civil aircraft. No aircraft should land without contacting the owners first via the museum's website or telephone number. Air traffic control on flying display days is from RAF Coningsby and there is a six mile "no fly" exclusion zone around East Kirkby on display days.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Halpenny 1981, p. 89.
  2. ^ a b Halpenny 1981, p. 90.
  3. ^ Halpenny 2008, pp. 138–44.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]