RAF East Moor
|RAF East Moor
|IATA: none – ICAO: none|
|Operator||Royal Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
|Elevation AMSL||92 ft / 28 m|
Royal Air Force Station East Moor or RAF East Moor was a Royal Air Force station located 7.4 miles (11.9 km) north of York, North Yorkshire and 5.5 miles (8.9 km) south east of Easingwold, North Yorkshire, England.
East Moor was opened in 1942 and was originally a 4 Group facility and first hosted No. 158 Squadron RAF which moved from RAF Driffield on 6 June 1942. The squadron flew the Handley Page Halifax Mk. II with detachments at RAF Beaulieu and RAF Manston before moving to RAF Rufforth on 6 November 1942.
Royal Canadian Air Force use
The first squadron was No. 429 Squadron RCAF which formed at the airfield on 7 November 1942 initially only flying the Vickers Wellington Mk.III until January 1943 when the Wellington Mk. X was added. The squadron left on 13 August 1943 going to RAF Leeming where the unit re-equipped with Halifaxes. On 19 September 1943 the next squadron arrived being 432 Squadron which initially used the Avro Lancaster Mk.II before being re-equipped with the Halifax Mk. III in February 1944 and the Mk. VII Halifax in July 1944. The squadron disbanded on 15 May 1945 at the airfield.
The last Canadian squadron to use the airfield was 415 Squadron which flew the Halifax III from 26 July 1944. The unit inherited the additional Mk.VII versions during March 1945 but disbanded shortly after on 15 May 1945 at the airfield.
Royal Air Force use
Not long after the last Canadian squadron disbanded the airfield was handed back to the Royal Air Force (RAF). The first RAF unit to use the airfield was No. 54 Operational Training Unit (OTU) which had moved in during November 1945 flying the de Havilland Mosquito. By May 1946 No. 288 Squadron RAF joined with their Supermarine Spitfire IX's and their Vultee Vengeance Mk. IV's with a detachment at RAF Acklington. The squadron disbanded on 15 June 1946. No. 54 OTU stayed until June 1946 when the unit moved to RAF Leeming but a detachment stayed until 15 November 1946.
Units and aircraft
|No. 158 Squadron RAF||6 June 1942||6 November 1942||Handley Page Halifax||Mk.II||Moved to RAF Rufforth.|
|No. 288 Squadron RAF||24 May 1946||15 June 1946||Vultee Vengeance
Mks.VB and IX
|Disbanded at the airfield.|
|No. 415 Squadron RCAF||26 July 1944||15 May 1945||Handley Page Halifax||Mks.III, VII||Disbanded at airfield.|
|No. 429 Squadron RCAF||7 November 1942||13 August 1943||Vickers Wellington||Mks.III, X||Formed at airfield.|
|No. 432 Squadron RCAF||19 September 1943||15 May 1945||Vickers Wellington
Handley Page Halifax
|Disbanded at the airfield.|
|No. 54 OTU||1 November 1945||30 June 1946 (det. till 15 November 1946)||de Havilland Mosquito|||
|No. 158 Conversion Flight||7 June 1942||25 September 1942||Handley Page Halifax||Mk.II|||
|No. 1678 Heavy Conversion Flight||18 May 1943||13 December 1943||Avro Lancaster||Mk.II|||
|No. 12 Air Crew Holding Unit||15 June 1945||8 October 1945|||
The airfield closed to flying in November 1946. Most of the buildings were taken down and the land has reverted largely to agricultural use.
- "RAF East Moor, Yorkshire". Airfield Archaeology. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Jefford 2001, p. 63.
- Jefford 2001, p. 91.
- Jefford 2001, p. 90.
- "No. 54 Operational Training Unit". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Jefford 2001, p. 83.
- Sturtivant 2007, p. 203.
- Sturtivant 2007, p. 43.
- Sturtivant 2007, p. 96.
- Sturtivant 2007, p. 99.
- Sturtivant 2007, p. 249.
- "RAF East Moor". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "History of RAF East Moor". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- Jefford, C.G, MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Sturtivant, R. RAF Flying Training and Support Units since 1912. Air Britain, 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.