RAF Elsham Wolds

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RAF Elsham Wolds
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg
RAF Elsham Wolds - Memorial.jpg
Memorial dedicated to those lost on operations
IATA: noneICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Air Ministry
Operator Royal Air Force
Location Elsham, Lincolnshire
Built 1916 (1916)
In use 1916-1919
1941-1947 (1947)
Elevation AMSL 249 ft / 76 m
Coordinates 53°36′23″N 000°25′19″W / 53.60639°N 0.42194°W / 53.60639; -0.42194Coordinates: 53°36′23″N 000°25′19″W / 53.60639°N 0.42194°W / 53.60639; -0.42194
Map
RAF Elsham Wolds is located in Lincolnshire
RAF Elsham Wolds
RAF Elsham Wolds
Location in Lincolnshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
00/00 0 0 Asphalt
00/00 0 0 Asphalt
00/00 0 0 Asphalt
Plaque adjacent to Ulceby War Memorial
Surviving J-Type hangar

Royal Air Force Station Elsham Wolds or more simply RAF Elsham Wolds is a former Royal Air Force station in England, which operated in the First World War and the Second World War. It is located just to the north east of the village of Elsham in north Lincolnshire.[1]

First World War[edit]

An airfield was established at Elsham as early as December 1916 and used by C Flight of 33 squadron of the Royal Flying Corps,[1] initially operating F.E.2 and later Avro 504 and Bristol F.2 Fighter biplanes. From June 1918 to June 1919 it was also the squadron's headquarters, taking over from Gainsborough.[1]

The site was the most northerly of three airfields, along with RAF Kirton in Lindsey (B Flight) and RAF Scampton (A Flight), equally spaced between the cities of Hull and Lincoln for countering Zeppelin night raids. C Flight also acted as observers for the artillery batteries located at Spurn Head and Kilnsea.[1]

The flight stayed at Elsham until June 1918, the wooden huts and a small aircraft shed that had been erected were demolished by 1919 when the station was abandoned back to agriculture at the end of the First World War.[2]

Second World War[edit]

In the late 1930s with a new war on the horizon, extra airfields were again needed to accommodate an expansion of the RAF. Former First World War stations were surveyed for suitability, and an area just to the west of the original Elsham site was deemed to be better suited.

Work began in the winter of 1939-1940, and the station opened with the arrival in July 1941 of 103 Squadron. The station was equipped with a main runway 2,000 yards (1,829 m) long, and two subsidiaries of 1,600 yards (1,463 m) and 1,400 yards (1,280 m). Three hangars (two T-2's and one J-Type) and 27 aircraft hardstands (later increased to 36) were built. Three more T-2 hangars were built in 1944. Accommodation for around 2,500 personnel was dispersed in the nearby farmland.

No. 103 is credited with more operational sorties than any other 1 Group squadron, and consequently suffered the group's highest losses. Of the 248 bombers lost on operations flying from Elsham Wolds, 198 were from No. 103 Squadron. By type, losses were 28 Vickers Wellingtons, 12 Halifaxes and 208 Lancasters. One Elsham Wolds Lancaster, Lancaster III ED888 M2 (Mike Squared)[3] which served with both Nos. 103 and 576, held the Bomber Command record for operational sorties, having completed 140 between May 1943 and December 1944.[4] A total of 974 operational hours.[3]

Post war[edit]

RAF Elsham Wolds closed in 1947 and shortly afterwards DP's (Displaced Persons), Poles and Ukrainians were temporarily housed in the buildings whilst working at the Scunthorpe Steelworks. Some contemplated transit to the US or Canada, others to set roots, mostly in Scunthorpe. Colloquially, it started to be known as "Warsaw Hamlet" and the Post Office delivered letters using that address. By the late 1952 early '53 the DP's had moved on and once again the site reverted to first agriculture use and later as the site of an industrial estate.[5] The history of the site is reflected in the road names on the estate which include Halifax Approach and Wellington Way. In the 1970s the site was bisected by the A15 road that was built to link the M180 motorway to the Humber Bridge.[5] The control tower lasted into the 1980s and was used as a house for a time,[6] which it was said to be haunted.[7] The J-Type hangar is still standing.

Current use[edit]

A large radio and telephone mast has been placed on top of Elsham hill.

Elsham Hill. The large radio and telephone mast on top of Elsham hill, on land that once was the war time air base of RAF Elsham Wold

Squadrons[edit]

Squadron Aircraft Date arrived Date departed
33 C Flight F.E.2 December 1916 June 1918
Bristol F.2 Fighter June 1918 August 1918
Avro 504 August 1918 June 1919
103
re-numbered 57 November 1945
Wellington IC October 1940 July 1942
Halifax II July 1942 October 1942
Lancaster B I and B III October 1942 December 1945
576 Lancaster B I and B III November 1943 October 1944
100 Lancaster B I and B III April 1945 December 1945
1656 HCU Halifax April 1942 October 1942
1662 HCU Halifax I, II, III, V January 1945 April 1945
21 HGCU Halifax February 1945 December 1946
Albemarle

[8] [9]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 - Page 90
  2. ^ Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 - Page 91
  3. ^ a b Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 - Page 92
  4. ^ Official RAF History
  5. ^ a b Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2 - Page 93
  6. ^ controltowers.co.uk
  7. ^ Halpenny, Bruce Barrymore Ghost Stations Lincolnshire - Page 58
  8. ^ Halpenny 1981, p. 00.
  9. ^ Halpenny 2008, p. 00.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]