RAF Holbeach

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RAF Holbeach / Air Weapons Range Holbeach
Royal Air Force Holbeach
Part of RAF Marham
Near Gedney Drove End, Sutton Bridge, Long Sutton and Holbeach in England
RAF Holbeach Range Control Tower
RAF Holbeach Bombing Range Control Tower
RAF Holbeach is located in Lincolnshire
RAF Holbeach
RAF Holbeach
Location of RAF Holbeach Bombing Range within Lincolnshire
Coordinates 52°51′17.42″N 0°10′14.71″E / 52.8548389°N 0.1707528°E / 52.8548389; 0.1707528Coordinates: 52°51′17.42″N 0°10′14.71″E / 52.8548389°N 0.1707528°E / 52.8548389; 0.1707528
Type RAF Air Weapons Training Range
Area 3,875 hectares (3,875 ha; 14.96 sq mi)
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)
Operator Defence Training Estates (East)
Controlled by  Royal Air Force
Open to
the public
Yes
Website RAF Holbeach Bombing Range
Site history
Built 1926 (1926)
Built by The En-Tout-Cas Co. (Syston) Ltd., (Aviation Dept.) of Leicester
In use 1926-Present ()
Garrison information
Current
commander
Squadron Leader (retired) Christa Lawrence
Occupants RAF 5131 (Bomb Disposal) Squadron (RAF Marham)
Airfield information
Identifiers ICAO: EGD-207
Elevation 5 metres (16 ft) AMSL

RAF Holbeach also Air Weapons Range (AWR) Holbeach[1] is a Royal Air Force air weapons training range situated between Boston and King's Lynn near Gedney Drove End on The Wash, in Lincolnshire, eastern England. Most of the range, including the control tower and four observation towers are in Gedney, but it does overlap with Holbeach to the west. On UK Civil Aviation Authority issued aeronautical charts the military danger area is found marked and identified by the code WRDA D207/II[2] or the ICAO code EGD-207 (Weapons Range Danger Area or United Kingdom Danger, 207, the danger altitude is usually up to twenty-three thousand feet AMSL).

History[edit]

The range opened in 1926 as an air gunnery range attached to and established by R.A.F. Practice Camp Sutton Bridge (later named RAF Sutton Bridge).[3][4][5] Use of the range began on 27 September 1926, with biplanes firing and dropping bombs over the area formally known as "Holbeach Air Gunnery and Bombing Range",[5] and colloquially simply as Holbeach Marsh Range.[4]

During the late 1950s, when RAF Sutton Bridge was placed on a Care and Maintenance role, the coastal marshland air gunnery range was renamed to RAF Holbeach Bombing Range and it became later parented to RAF Marham as an Air Weapons Range (AWR) within RAF Strike Command. On 1 April 2006 control was transferred to the Ministry of Defence (Defence Estates East) and the range is now administered by Defence Training Estates (East) from their headquarters at West Tofts Camp near Thetford.

Emblem[edit]

The station's badge features a vertical sword through a crown. The motto is Defend and Strike.

Facilities[edit]

Extending over an area of 3,875 hectares, which includes 3,100 hectares of intertidal mudflats and 775 hectares of salt marsh,[6] the air weapons range provides facilities for RAF and NATO-allied aircraft to practice dropping bombs and firing their aircraft weapons, including pre-deployment training.[1] Since 1993 this has included night bombing and helicopter operations.[6] The range facilities are not only used by air force squadrons stationed in the United Kingdom but also fly over directly from airbases located throughout Europe. An assortment of range targets, 8 in total,[6] include several retired merchant ships which have been beached on the sands of The Wash for this purpose. Observation towers parallel to the target line are manned and allow the fall of aircraft ordnance to be calculated for accuracy by means of triangulation. The range includes a helicopter landing pad near the main control tower and since 2010 a new range headquarters building.[1] At the present time aircraft types such as the Tornado GR4, Eurofighter Typhoon, USAF F-15Es (from 48th Fighter Wing), USAF A-10 Thunderbolt, Hawk Trainer[7] and AgustaWestland Apache AH1 helicopters can be seen operating on the range at various times of the day, including on occasions CV-22B Osprey (from 7th Special Operations Squadron), HH-60G Pave Hawk (from 56th Rescue Squadron), Chinook, Merlin and Puma HC helicopters.[6][8] The range also hosts Forward Air Control (FAC) or Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) exercises.

Strafing[edit]

F-15E aircraft seen over the range

RAF Holbeach also has facilities for scoring strafing runs. The strafing targets are a number of three-metre square net with an orange bullseye made by weaving plastic strips through the chicken-wire net. The Strafe Scoring detects the X-Y position of the projectile from the acoustic signature of the supersonic shock wave. This result is sent by radio to the control tower, where it is displayed to the Air Traffic Controller for relaying to the pilot. The range also has semi-automatic bomb and rocket scoring systems.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GOV.UK Announcement, Ministry of Defence, New HQ for Lincolnshire air weapons range.
  2. ^ Map code as on aeronautical map issued by the UK Civil Aviation Authority, printed by Ordnance Survey, print date 1987.
  3. ^ The official naming used and found in official Air Ministry notices, the London Gazette and other publications is "R.A.F. Practice Camp Sutton Bridge". One example publication: FLIGHT, 24 May 1928, Air Ministry Announcements, Page 394: The Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force Intelligence, Appointments, I.W.C. Mackenzie to "R.A.F. Practice Camp, Sutton Bridge", 14.4.28 [1]
  4. ^ a b Airfield Focus 65: Sutton Bridge, Alastair Goodrum, 1997, ISBN 9781904514152
  5. ^ a b GOV.UK Publications, Ministry of Defence: Holbeach Air Gunnery and Bombing Range Bylaws 1939.
  6. ^ a b c d Defence Training Estates East, Public Information Leaflet, Air Weapons Range RAF Holbeach.
  7. ^ Video Footage: July 2013 - showing aircraft Tornado GR4 and Hawk Trainer aircraft practicing at RAF Holbeach Bombing Range.
  8. ^ Video Footage: March 2013 - F-15Es, Apache & Tornado aircraft practicing over RAF Holbeach Bombing Range.

External links[edit]