|Full name||RasenBallsport Leipzig e.V,
RasenBallsport Leipzig GmbH
|Nickname(s)||Die Bullen (The Bulls), also Die roten Bullen (The Red Bulls)|
|Founded||19 May 2009|
|Ground||Red Bull Arena|
|Management board||Oliver Mintzlaff (CEO)
|Head Coach||Ralf Rangnick|
|Website||Club home page|
RasenBallsport Leipzig e.V., commonly known and deliberately promoted as RB Leipzig, is a German association football club based in Leipzig, Saxony. The club was founded by initiative of energy drink-maker Red Bull who purchased the license of fifth division side SSV Markranstädt with the intention of advancing the re-modeled club to the top-flight Bundesliga within ten years. Men's professional football is run by the spin-off organization RasenballSport Leipzig GmbH. RB Leipzig's stadium is the Red Bull Arena.
In their inaugural season in 2009–10, RB Leipzig dominated the NOFV-Oberliga Süd (fifth division) and as a result were promoted as champions to the Regionalliga Nord (fourth division) for the 2010–11 season. In the 2012–13 campaign, RB won the Regionalliga Nord without conceding a single defeat and was promoted to the 3. Liga (third division). RB Leipzig was runner-up in 2013–14 and was promoted to the 2. Bundesliga.
- 1 History
- 2 Organization and finance
- 3 Past seasons
- 4 Criticism
- 5 Honours
- 6 Stadium
- 7 Supporters
- 8 Players
- 9 Coach history
- 10 Staff
- 11 Notable former players
- 12 Reserve team
- 13 Affiliated clubs
- 14 References
- 15 External links
RasenBallsport Leipzig was founded in 2009, as the fourth football club initiated and sponsored by Red Bull, following Red Bull Salzburg in Austria, the New York Red Bulls in the USA and Red Bull Brasil in Brazil.
Unlike previous clubs, the regulations of the German Football Association (DFB) did not permit the corporate name Red Bull to be part of the team name. In order to comply with these regulations, the club instead adopted the unusual name RasenBallsport Leipzig, literally meaning "Leipzig lawn ball sports". Through the use of the initials "RB" and key elements of the Red Bull corporate logo, the corporate identity was preserved in the team logo.
By its founding, RB Leipzig aimed to play first division Bundesliga football within the next eight to ten years. It began with the purchase of the playing licence of the fifth division side SSV Markranstädt. The new club retained the Oberliga team as well as all other football teams of SSV and kept on coach Tino Vogel. In 2010, the first team moved from their old ground to play their home games at the Zentralstadion which was renamed Red Bull Arena. It returned its 2nd, 3rd and 4th teams to SSV Markranstädt and adopted ESV Delitzsch as its second team. A year later the U23 team was promoted to the same Sachsenliga, ending that collaboration too.
By 2009, it was predicted that Red Bull would invest 100 million Euros in the club over ten years. Instrumental in the deal was Michael Kölmel, owner of the Zentralstadion (central stadium) in Leipzig. Dietrich Mateschitz, owner of Red Bull, openly speaks of the possibility of the club winning a German championship. The last team from Leipzig to win the German championship was VfB Leipzig in 1913.
In July 2011, RB Leipzig knocked Bundesliga club VfL Wolfsburg out of the first round of the DFB-Pokal, beating them with 3-2 after a hat-trick by Daniel Frahn. They were eliminated in the next round by FC Augsburg (0:1). 
Following the promotion the 2. Bundesliga, the organization responsible for licensing was no longer the DFB, but instead the German Football League (DFL). A license was initially refused by the DFL, but after a second appeal a compromise was reached. Criticism mounted that the club lacked in participation, that the governing power was too concentrated on only a handful of people and that the organization was not independent enough towards Red Bull. To ensure independence and improve participation, three requirements was set up by the DFL in order to obtain a license for 2014–15 2. Bundesliga season. One of the requirements was to redesign the club logo, as the logo too much resembled that of Red Bull. A second requirement was to change the composition of organizational bodies. A third requirement was to lower the membership fees and open up the association for new members. RB Leipzig finished 2. Bundesliga as 5th in 2014-15 season.
RB Leipzig released its own club magazine "Klub" on 6 October 2014.
Organization and finance
RasenballSport Leipzig e.V is a registered voluntary association. Its executive body is the Vorstand, the management board. The management board is appointed by the Ehrenrat, the honorary board. It is also subordinated to the Aufsichtsrat, the supervisory board. The honorary board is elected directly by the club members at the general meeting.
Significant organizational changes were made in 2014, following requirements set up by the German Football League (DFL). One of the requirements was to change the composition of organizational bodies. Both the management board and the honorary board had been composed by either employees or agents of Red Bull. This contradicted effectively to fundamental principles of the 50 + 1 rule, as interpreted by the DFL, and which aims to forbid the influence of third parties on the sporting decisions of a club. As a part of a compromise with the DFL, the club made a binding declaration to ensure that the management board was to be occupied by a majority of persons independent towards Red Bull.
In addition, a supervisory board was added. The honorary board had performed tasks that are normally performed by a separate controlling organizational body. These functions were now transferred to a newly created supervisory board, that can perform these tasks independently. The club decided to transfer the former members of the honorary board to the newly created supervisory board.
Voting membership is severely restricted. In contrast to all other association football clubs in Germany, there is no official way to become a voting member of RasenballSport Leipzig e.V. According to Ulrich Volter, the club do not aspire towards the high number of members of other clubs. Volter has also pointed at other clubs, where Ultras have succeeded in creating structures, and stated that the club absolutely wants to avoid such conditions.
For the establishment of a registered voluntary association, an association is required to have at least seven members according to German law, see the 56 § of the Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch. Four years after its founding, the club had only 9 members, all employees of Red Bull. By 2014 the registration fee for membership stood at 100 Euro and the annual membership fee at 800 Euro, in comparison to FC Bayern Munich who by that time offered membership at annual fees between 30 and 60 Euro. In addition to this, a person willing to pay the fee could not expect to become a member, since the management board could reject an application without notice.
This restrictive membership policy met criticism, thus one of the requirements set up by the DFL in order to obtain a license for the 2014–15 2. Bundesliga season was to lower the membership fees and open up the association for new members. In order to meet the requirement, the club made changes to the membership in 2015. It is now possible for a person to become an official supporting member. The annual fee for this type of membership is between 70 and 1000 Euros and serves to promote junior football within the club. In return, a supporting member receives certain privileges such as a meeting with the professional team and a fitness session at the Red Bull Arena. Supporting members also have the right to attend general meetings. However, they do not have voting rights.
On 2 December 2014, the general meeting of the association voted unanimously for the founding of a spin-off organization in the form of a GmbH. The decision was taken at an extraordinary meeting. Present were 14 voting members and 40 supporting members. CEO Oliver Mintzlaff stated that the change was made for the club to be able to step up professionally and to remain competitive. The RasenballSport Leipzig GmbH is now responsible for the men's professional team and the men's junior teams from U15 and above.
The association is currently the sole shareholder of RasenballSport Leipzig GmbH. A sale of 49 percent of the shares is permitted, but the club will retain control of the company, by a majority of votes.
RB Leipzig's kits have been provided by German sportswear brand Adidas since the club's founding. In 2014, the club switched to the American sportswear brand Nike, in an agreement that will be in place until at least 2025. In October 2014, the club also entered into promotional agreements with Hugo Boss, Porsche as youth sponsor and Volkswagen for stadium commercials.
|2009–10||NOFV-Oberliga Süd (V)||1||26||2||2||74||17||80||not qualified|
|2010–11||Regionalliga Nord (IV)||4||18||10||6||57||29||64||not qualified|
|2011–12||Regionalliga Nord (IV)||3||22||7||5||71||30||73||Round 2|
|2012–13||Regionalliga Nordost (IV)||1||21||9||0||65||22||72||not qualified|
|2013–14||3. Liga||2||24||7||7||65||34||79||Round 1|
|2014–15||2. Bundesliga||5||13||11||10||39||31||50||Round of 16|
|Green marks a season followed by promotion, red a season followed by relegation.|
The investment in SSV Markranstädt by Red Bull was not the company's first attempt to enter the Leipzig football scene. In 2006, it tried to purchase FC Sachsen Leipzig, a club with a rich tradition, but plagued in recent years by mismanagement, on-going financial problems and violence. After months of fan protests which deteriorated into violence, the company abandoned the plan.
Protests also greeted plans to invest in SSV Markranstädt, but to a much lesser extent. Apart from the use of weed killer that damaged the pitch at Stadion am Bad and the destruction of some advertising installations, opposition was non-violent. In a survey carried out by the newspaper Leipziger Volkszeitung, 70% of the residents of Leipzig who were asked welcomed the initiative. Public support for action against Red Bull's involvement was low, as the state of football in Leipzig had reached rock-bottom, according to the Alliance of Active Football Fans. FC Sachsen Leipzig saw its Regionalliga Nord (IV) licence revoked at the end of the 2008–09 season when the club became insolvent, while local rival Lokomotive Leipzig failed to earn promotion. That team was beset by fan violence and carried the historical burden of being one of the worst ever Bundesliga sides (6th worst) having lost 20 matches while conceding 69 goals. history Neither of these clubs criticized Red Bull's investment, despite all three of them playing in the same league in 2009–10.
Red Bull also considered SG Dynamo Dresden, but it too was a dismal Bundesliga performer and was further tainted by fan violence mixed with a Cold War fanaticism marked by the use of slogans of the era and Warsaw Pact symbols, mismanagement, too many years spent playing in the lower leagues, and too small a stadium.
Ultimately, Leipzig was chosen as the site for a Red Bull club, because the company considered other clubs in Saxony to have inadequate stadiums, excessively violent fan cultures, and non-professional surroundings. The choice acknowledged the city's rich history going back to the emergence of modern sport in the late 1800s. It was home to the first German national football champion, as well as the meeting place for the founding of the German Football Association (Deutscher Fussball Bund or DFB). Leipzig is also close enough to Dresden to draw on that city's football heritage which includes the Dresden English Football Club, proven to be the first football club playing after the Cambridge Rules, established outside Great Britain. The selection and development of a club located in western Germany was dismissed because of the high number of well-established clubs already there.
Nein zu RB
After RB Leipzigs won promotion to the 2. Bundesliga, the criticism mounted around the license having been given to the team despite the clear involvement of Red Bull rather than the community, contrary to common practice in the country, and the use of football as a marketing tool. Supporters of other teams in the 2. Bundesliga created a campaign called "Nein zu RB" ("No to RB") criticising the DFB's decision.
The initiators were supporters groups of 10 teams:
- VfR Aalen (Eleven crew)
- Erzgebirge Aue (Fialova Sbor)
- Eintracht Braunschweig (Cattiva Brunsviga)
- Darmstadt 98 (Block 1898, Usual Suspects, Ultrà De Lis)
- 1. FC Heidenheim (Unitas Aquileiae, Fanatico Boys)
- FC Ingolstadt (Black Red Company, Supporters Ingolstadt)
- 1. FC Kaiserslautern (Frenetic Youth, Pfalz Inferno, Generation Lucifer)
- Karlsruher SC (Phoenix Sons, Rhein Fire, Armata Fidelis, Wild Boys)
- TSV Munich 1860 (Giasinga Buam)
- SV Sandhausen (Blockade Sandhausen)
Since then numerous groups from 19 different cities and town across Germany have joined the campaign, some non-football related.
- 3. Liga (III)
- Runners-up: 2013–14
- Regionalliga Nordost (IV)
- Winners: 2012–13
- NOFV-Oberliga Süd (V)
- Winners (2): 2009–10, 2014–15‡
- Saxony Cup
- Winners (2): 2011, 2013
- Under 19 Bundesliga North/Northeast
- Winners: 2015
- Under 17 Bundesliga
- Runners-up: 2014
- Under 17 Bundesliga North/Northeast
- Winners (2): 2014, 2015
- ‡ Reserve team
The club played most of its home games in its inaugural season in the Stadion am Bad, which holds 5,500 spectators and is the old homeground of the SSV Markranstädt. Since 1 July 2010 home games have been played at the Red Bull Arena also known as Zentralstadion with 44,345 seats.
Average home league attendances
The club has twenty official fanclubs as of May 2015. The first two to become registered as official fanclubs were L.E Bulls and Bulls Club, both registered in 2009. L.E Bulls is the oldest official fanclub, but Bulls Club claims to be the biggest. There are also several non official fanclubs, such as Rasenballisten and Fraktion Red Pride. RB Leipzig also has a minor ultras scene with groups such as Red Aces.
Players out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers winter 2014–15 and List of German football transfers summer 2014.
- Tino Vogel (2009–2010)
- Tomas Oral (2010–2011)
- Peter Pacult (2011–2012)
- Alexander Zorniger (2012–2015)
- Achim Beierlorzer (2015)
- Ralf Rangnick (2015–)
- Sports Director/Head Coach: Ralf Rangnick
- Assistant Coach: Achim Beierlorzer
- Goalkeeping Coach: Perry Bräutigam
- Athletic Coach: Tim Lobinger
- Scout: Hans-Jürgen Kreische
- Scout: Ronny Kujat
Notable former players
- Pascal Borel
- Nico Frommer
- Tom Geißler
- Ingo Hertzsch
- Thomas Kläsener
- Pekka Lagerblom
- Steven Lewerenz
- Lars Müller
- Sven Neuhaus
- Daniel Rosin
- Timo Rost
- Roman Wallner
- Maximilian Watzka
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
The following clubs were formerly affiliated with the club:
- SSV Markranstädt (collaboration was ended in June 2010)
- ESV Delitzsch, functioned as Reserve Team (collaboration was ended in June 2011)
-  (German) Statutes of the DFB, see §15
- RB Leipzig startet "Mission Bundesliga" (German) mdr.de, accessed: 25 June 2009
- Red Bull In Leipzig – Wir würden selbst den Teufel mit offenen Armen empfangen. Spiegel online, 17 June 2009
- East German football gets the kick it needs The Independent, published: 24 June 2009, accessed: 25 June 2009
- Der RB Leipzig kommt (German) Der Tagesspiegel, accessed: 25 June 2009
- Mateschitz: Titel mit RB Leipzig prinzipiell moeglich (German) sport1.de, accessed: 25 June 2009
- "DFB-Pokal: Viertligist Leipzig schmeißt Wolfsburg raus" (in German). Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- "RB Leipzig schreibt mit Aufstieg Geschichte". welt.de. 3 May 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- "KLUB - DAS NEUE VEREINSMAGAZIN DER ROTEN BULLEN FEIERT PREMIERE!" (in German). Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- Red Bull Wants to Caffeinate Small Football Club Spiegel online, published: 19 June 2009, accessed: 25 June 2009
- Stadion am Bad, Markranstädt (Deutschland) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 25 June 2009
- "Die Roten Bullen - Mannschaft" [The Red Bulls - Team] (in German). RasenBallsport Leipzig. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- RB Leipzig II at Fussball.de (German) Tables and results of all German football leagues
- RB Leipzig II (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 27 February 2015
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