RB Leipzig

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RB Leipzig
logo
Full name RasenBallsport Leipzig e.V.
Nickname(s) Die Bullen (The Bulls), also Die roten Bullen (The Red Bulls)
Founded 19 May 2009; 5 years ago (2009-05-19)
Ground Red Bull Arena
Ground Capacity 44,345
Chairman Oliver Mintzlaff
Ulrich Wolter
Frank Zimmermann
Manager Achim Beierlorzer
League 2. Bundesliga
2013–14 2nd (promoted)
Website Club home page
Current season

RasenBallsport Leipzig e.V., commonly known and deliberately promoted as RB Leipzig, is a German association football club based in Leipzig, Saxony. The club was founded by initiative of energy drink-maker Red Bull who purchased the license of fifth division side SSV Markranstädt with the intention of advancing the re-modeled club to the top-flight Bundesliga within ten years. RB Leipzig's stadium is the Red Bull Arena.

In their inaugural season in 2009–10, RB Leipzig dominated the NOFV-Oberliga Süd (fifth division) and as a result were promoted as champions to the Regionalliga Nord (fourth division) for the 2010–11 season. In the 2012–13 campaign, RB won that league without conceding a defeat and was promoted to the 3. Liga (third division). RB Leipzig was runner-up in 2013–14 and was promoted to the 2. Bundesliga.

History[edit]

Founded in May 2009, RasenBallsport Leipzig is the fourth football initiated and sponsored by Red Bull, following Red Bull Salzburg in Austria, the New York Red Bulls in the USA and Red Bull Brasil in Brazil.

Unlike previous clubs, the regulations of the German Football Association (DFB) did not permit the corporate name Red Bull to be part of the team name.[1] In order to comply with these regulations, the club instead adopted the unusual name RasenBallsport Leipzig, literary meaning "Leipzig lawn ball sports". Through the use of the initials "RB" and key elements of the Red Bull corporate logo, the corporate identity was preserved in the team logo.

In addition, majority control of a club by a single entity (physical person, or company) is not permitted by the league[2] and the German law for clubs. The law suggests that a registered club should have a minimum of 7 members. The league further requires that either an association, or a limited company which is controlled by an association with 50% + 1 vote can get a license to participate in the German first or second division. In lower leagues like the one of Saxony, it is required to be an association[3][4] RB Leipzig has 9 members, all employees of the sponsor.[5][6]

RB Leipzig aims to play first division Bundesliga football within the next eight to ten years. It began with the purchase of the playing licence of fifth division side SSV Markranstädt. The new club retained the Oberliga team as well as all other football teams of SSV and kept on coach Tino Vogel.[7] In 2010, the team moved from their old ground to play their home games in the Zentralstadion which was renamed Red Bull Arena.[8] It returned its 2nd, 3rd and 4th teams to SSV Markranstädt and adopted ESV Delitzsch as its second team. A year later the U23 team was promoted to the same Sachsenliga, ending that collaboration too.

In July 2011, RB Leipzig knocked Bundesliga club VfL Wolfsburg out of the first round of the DFB-Pokal, beating them with 3-2 after a hat-trick by Daniel Frahn. They were eliminated in the next round by FC Augsburg (0:1). [9] It has been predicted that Red Bull will invest 100 million Euros in the club over ten years.[10] Instrumental in the deal was Michael Kölmel, owner of the Zentralstadion (central stadium) in Leipzig.[11] Dietrich Mateschitz, owner of Red Bull, openly speaks of the possibility of the club winning a German championship.[12] The last team from Leipzig to win the German championship was VfB Leipzig in 1913.

In 2014, RB Leipzig became the first team since the introduction of the 3. Liga to achieve promotion to the 2. Bundesliga after only one season.[13] With the promotion, the organization responsible for licensing was no longer the DFB, as for the 3. Liga, but instead the German Football League (DFL). A license was initially refused by the DFL, but after a second appeal a compromise was reached.[14]

Criticism mounted that the club lacked in participation, that the governing power was too concentrated on only a handful of people[15] and that the organization was not independent enough towards Red Bull.[16] To ensure independence and improve participation, three requirements was set up by the DFL in order to obtain a license for 2014–15 2. Bundesliga season.[15][17] One of the requirements was to redesign the club logo, as the logo too much resembled that of Red Bull. A second requirement was to change the composition of organizational bodies.[18] A third requirement was to lower the membership fees and open up the association for new members.[19]

RB Leipzig released its own club magazine "Klub" on 6 October 2014.[20]

Organization and finance[edit]

Association[edit]

RasenballSport Leipzig e.V is a registered voluntary association. Its executive body is the Vorstand, the management board. The management board is appointed by the Ehrenrat, the honorary board. It is also subordinated to the Aufsichtsrat, the supervisory board. The honorary board is elected directly by the club members at the general assembly.

Significant organizational changes occurred in 2014, following requirements set up by the German Football League (DFL). One of the requirements was to change the composition of organizational bodies. Both the management board and the honorary board had been composed by either employees or agents of Red Bull.[18][19][21] This contradicted effectively to fundamental principles of the 50 + 1 rule, as interpreted by the DFL,[18] and which forbids the influence of third parties on the sporting decisions of a club.[16] As a part of the compromise with the DFL regarding the license for the 2014-15 2. Bundesliga season, the club made a binding declaration to ensure that the management board was to be occupied by a majority of persons independent towards Red Bull.[14]

In addition, a supervisory board was added.[22] The honorary board had performed tasks that are normally performed by a separate controlling organizational body. These functions were now transferred to a newly created supervisory board, that can perform these tasks independently. The club decided to transfer the former members of the honorary board to the newly created supervisory board.[23][24]

The honorary board is elected by the club members, but the voting membership has been severely restricted.[21]

Membership[edit]

In contrast to all other association football clubs in Germany, there is no official way to become a voting member of RasenballSport Leipzig e.V. According to Ulrich Volter, the club do not seek the high number of members of other clubs. Volter has also pointed at other clubs, where Ultras have succeeded in creating structures, and stated that the club absolutely wants to avoid such conditions.

By 2014 the registration fee for membership stood at 100 Euro[21] and the annual membership fee at 800 Euro,[25] in comparison to Bayern Munich who by that time offered membership at annual fees between 30 and 60 Euro.[26][27] In addition to this, a person willing to pay the fee could not expect to become a member, since the management board could reject an application without notice.[28]

Four years after its founding, the club had only 9 members, all employees of Red Bull.[28] The restrictive membership policy met criticism, thus one of the requirements set up by the DFL in order to obtain license for the 2. Bundesliga was to lower the membership fees and open up the association for new members.

Current management and board[edit]

Name Position
Supervisory board[29]
Walter Bachinger
Wiebke Gorny
Oliver Hubertus
Honorary board[29]
Volker Viechtbauer
Dietrich Gorny
Christian Hauer
Management board[30]
Oliver Mintzlaff Chairman
Ulrich Wolter
Frank Zimmermann
Head Office[30]
Ulrich Wolter Managing Director
Frank Zimmermann Head of Finance
Kaj Heyral Head of Organization and Game operation
Jörg Kurzeja Head of Marketing and Sales
Sharif Shoukry Head of Press and Communication
Sports Management[30]
Gérard Houllier Global Sports Director
Ralf Rangnick Sports Director
Frieder Schrof Junior Manager
Thomas Schlieck Head of Goalkeeping
Hans-Jürgen Kreische Head Scout

Sponsorship[edit]

RB Leipzig's kits have been provided by German sportswear brand Adidas since the club's founding. In 2014, the club switched to the American sportswear brand Nike, in an agreement that will be in place until at least 2025.[31] In October 2014, the club also entered into promotional agreements with Hugo Boss, Porsche as youth sponsor and Volkswagen for stadium commercials.[32]

Past seasons[edit]

Season League Place W D L GF GA Pts DFB Cup
2009–10 NOFV-Oberliga Süd (V) 1 26 2 2 74 17 80 not qualified
2010–11 Regionalliga Nord (IV) 4 18 10 6 57 29 64 not qualified
2011–12 Regionalliga Nord (IV) 3 22 7 5 71 30 73 Round 2
2012–13 Regionalliga Nordost (IV) 1 21 9 0 65 22 72 not qualified
2013–14 3. Liga 2 24 7 7 65 34 79 Round 1
2014–15 2. Bundesliga 5 4 2 16 8 19
Green marks a season followed by promotion, red a season followed by relegation.

Criticism[edit]

The investment in SSV Markranstädt by Red Bull was not the company's first attempt to enter the Leipzig football scene. In 2006, it tried to purchase FC Sachsen Leipzig, a club with a rich tradition, but plagued in recent years by mismanagement, on-going financial problems and violence. After months of fan protests which deteriorated into violence, the company abandoned the plan.[33]

Protests also greeted plans to invest in SSV Markranstädt, but to a much lesser extent. Apart from the use of weed killer that damaged the pitch at Stadion am Bad and the destruction of some advertising installations, opposition was non-violent.[10] In a survey carried out by the newspaper Leipziger Volkszeitung, 70% of the residents of Leipzig who were asked welcomed the initiative. Public support for action against Red Bull's involvement was low, as the state of football in Leipzig had reached rock-bottom, according to the Alliance of Active Football Fans.[33] FC Sachsen Leipzig saw its Regionalliga Nord (IV) licence revoked at the end of the 2008–09 season when the club became insolvent, while local rival Lokomotive Leipzig failed to earn promotion. That team was beset by fan violence and carried the historical burden of being one of the worst ever Bundesliga sides (6th worst) having lost 20 matches while conceding 69 goals. history[34] Neither of these clubs criticized Red Bull's investment,[33] despite all three of them playing in the same league in 2009–10.

Red Bull also considered SG Dynamo Dresden, but it too was a dismal Bundesliga performer and was further tainted by fan violence mixed with a Cold War fanaticism marked by the use of slogans of the era and Warsaw Pact symbols, mismanagement, too many years spent playing in the lower leagues, and too small a stadium.

Ultimately, Leipzig was chosen as the site for a Red Bull club, because the company considered other clubs in Saxony to have inadequate stadiums, excessively violent fan cultures, and non-professional surroundings. The choice acknowledged the city's rich history going back to the emergence of modern sport in the late 1800s. It was home to the first German national football champion, as well as the meeting place for the founding of the German Football Association (Deutscher Fussball Bund or DFB). Leipzig is also close enough to Dresden to draw on that city's football heritage which includes the Dresden English Football Club, proven to be the first football club playing after the Cambridge Rules, established outside Great Britain. The selection and development of a club located in western Germany was dismissed because of the high number of well-established clubs already there.

Nein zu RB[edit]

After RB Leipzigs won promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga, the criticism mounted around the license having been given to the team despite the clear involvement of Red Bull rather than the community, contrary to common practice in the country, and the use of football as a marketing tool.[35] Supporters of other teams in the 2nd Bundesliga created a campaign called "Nein zu RB" ("No to RB") criticising the DFB's decision.[36][37]

The initiators were supporters groups of 10 teams:

Since then numerous groups from 19 different cities and town across Germany have joined the campaign,[38] some non-football related.[39] The protest is currently growing, with fans demonstrating their support by putting up anti-Red Bull banners at matches.[40]

Honours[edit]

Stadium[edit]

The club played most of its home games in its inaugural season in the Stadion am Bad, which holds 5,500 spectators and is the old homeground of the SSV Markranstädt.[41] Since 1 July 2010 home games have been played at the Red Bull Arena also known as Zentralstadion with 44,345 seats.

Supporters[edit]

The club has sixteen official fanclubs as of August 2014. The first ones to become registered as official fanclubs were L.E Bulls and Bulls Club, registered in 2009. L.E Bulls is the oldest official fanclub,[42] but Bulls Club claims to be the biggest.[43] There are also several non official fanclubs, such as Rasenballisten and Fraktion Red Pride.[44] RB Leipzig also has an minor ultras scene with groups such as Red Aces.[45]

Squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Switzerland GK Fabio Coltorti
2 Germany DF Patrick Strauß
3 Germany DF Anthony Jung
5 Germany MF Henrik Ernst
6 Germany MF Rani Khedira
8 Germany DF Tim Sebastian
9 Denmark FW Yussuf Poulsen
10 Croatia FW Ante Rebić (on loan from Fiorentina)
11 Germany FW Daniel Frahn (captain)
12 Sweden MF Emil Forsberg
13 Israel FW Omer Damari
16 Germany DF Lukas Klostermann
17 Germany MF Joshua Kimmich
18 United States FW Terrence Boyd
No. Position Player
19 Hungary MF Zsolt Kalmár
20 Brazil DF Rodnei
22 Germany GK Benjamin Bellot
23 Austria DF Niklas Hoheneder
24 Germany MF Dominik Kaiser
25 Austria MF Stefan Hierländer
27 Germany GK Thomas Dähne
28 Germany DF Fabian Franke
29 Germany MF Sebastian Heidinger
31 Germany MF Diego Demme
33 Germany DF Marvin Compper
34 Peru FW Yordy Reyna (on loan from Red Bull Salzburg)
39 Austria MF Georg Teigl

Players out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Germany FW Federico Palacios Martínez (at Rot-Weiß Erfurt until 30 June 2015)
Germany FW Matthias Morys (at Sonnenhof Großaspach until 30 June 2015)
Germany GK Fabian Bredlow (at Red Bull Salzburg until 30 June 2015)
Belgium MF Massimo Bruno (at Red Bull Salzburg until 30 June 2015)
Germany MF André Luge (at SV 07 Elversberg until 30 June 2015)
No. Position Player
Germany MF Clemens Fandrich (at Erzgebirge Aue until 30 June 2015)
Bosnia and Herzegovina FW Smail Prevljak (at FC Liefering until 31 May 2015)
Austria FW Marcel Sabitzer (at Red Bull Salzburg until 30 June 2015)
Germany FW Denis Thomalla (at SV Ried until 31 May 2015)
Finland DF Mikko Sumusalo (at F.C. Hansa Rostock until 30 June 2015)
 
For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers winter 2013–14 and List of German football transfers summer 2014.

Coach history[edit]

Staff[edit]

Sports director Ralf Rangnick.

Notable former players[edit]

Reserve team[edit]

The club's reserve team, RB Leipzig II, currently plays in the tier five NOFV-Oberliga Süd after a title in the tier six Sachsenliga in 2014.[46]

The team is coached by Tino Vogel.[47] As of 2 August 2013

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Germany GK Florian Groß
Germany GK Matthias Hamrol
Germany GK Marc Hübner
Germany GK Andreas Kerner
Germany DF Florian Felke
Germany DF Christian Hanne
Germany DF Kieran Runchman
Germany DF Ingo Hertzsch
Germany DF Marcus Hoffmann
Germany DF Patrick Koronkiewicz
Germany DF Felix Neuer
Germany DF Kevin Schiller
No. Position Player
Germany DF Alexander Sorge
Germany MF Eric Daubitz
Germany MF Daniel Heinze
Germany MF Alexander Laas
Germany MF René Legien
Germany MF Michael Schlicht
Germany DF Benjamin Schmidt
Germany MF Fabian Schößler
Germany MF Alexander Siebeck
Germany FW Daniel Barth
Germany FW Tom Nattermann

Affiliated clubs[edit]

The following clubs were formerly affiliated with the club:

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] (German) Statutes of the DFB, see §15
  2. ^ Satzung der Bundesliga, §8.
  3. ^ BGB, Kapitel 2, Eingetragene Vereine (e.V.)
  4. ^ Satzung Fussballverband der Stadt Leipzig, Statute of the Leipzig Football Association.
  5. ^ Warum RB Leipzig nur neun Mitglieder hat, die Welt, 2013-04-12.
  6. ^ Red Bull’s Global Brand Expands: RB Leipzig Launched Pitchinvasion.net, accessed: 25 June 2009
  7. ^ RB Leipzig startet "Mission Bundesliga" (German) mdr.de, accessed: 25 June 2009
  8. ^ Red Bull In Leipzig – Wir würden selbst den Teufel mit offenen Armen empfangen. Spiegel online, 17 June 2009
  9. ^ "DFB-Pokal: Viertligist Leipzig schmeißt Wolfsburg raus" (in German). Retrieved 29 July 2011. 
  10. ^ a b East German football gets the kick it needs The Independent, published: 24 June 2009, accessed: 25 June 2009
  11. ^ Der RB Leipzig kommt (German) Der Tagesspiegel, accessed: 25 June 2009
  12. ^ Mateschitz: Titel mit RB Leipzig prinzipiell moeglich (German) sport1.de, accessed: 25 June 2009
  13. ^ "RB Leipzig schreibt mit Aufstieg Geschichte". welt.de. 3 May 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  14. ^ a b http://www.faz.net/aktuell/sport/fussball/bundesliga/dfl-rb-leipzig-erhaelt-lizenz-fuer-zweite-bundesliga-12941657.html
  15. ^ a b http://www.taz.de/!137700/
  16. ^ a b http://www.kicker.de/news/fussball/3liga/startseite/603363/artikel_rb-leipzig-muss-bei-aufstieg-sein-logo-aendern.html#omsearchresult
  17. ^ http://www.welt.de/sport/fussball/2-bundesliga/article128505732/Die-ueberraschende-Nachsicht-der-DFL-mit-RB-Leipzig.html
  18. ^ a b c http://www.l-iz.de/Sport/Fu%C3%9Fball/2014/04/Zweitliga-Lizenz-RB-Leipzig-mehr-Abstand-zu-Red-Bull-54932.html
  19. ^ a b http://leipzig.sportbuzzer.de/magazin/medienbericht-rb-leipzig-muss-logo-und-vorstandsriege-aendern-mitgliedsbeitrag-zu-hoch/3156
  20. ^ "KLUB - DAS NEUE VEREINSMAGAZIN DER ROTEN BULLEN FEIERT PREMIERE!" (in German). Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c http://www.welt.de/sport/fussball/article127277746/RB-Leipzig-darf-nur-mit-neuem-Wappen-in-Liga-zwei.html
  22. ^ http://www.faz.net/aktuell/sport/fussball/bundesliga/zweite-fussball-bundesliga-rb-leipzig-erfuellt-lizenz-bedingung-13025485.html
  23. ^ http://www.l-iz.de/Sport/Fu%C3%9Fball/2014/07/RB-Leipzig-Kalmar-kommt-Gremien-neu-strukturiert-56103.html
  24. ^ http://www.sz-online.de/nachrichten/rb-leipzig-erfuellt-lizenz-bedingung-mit-neuer-fuehrungsebene--2874415.html
  25. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/sport/fussball/2-fussball-bundesliga-rb-leipzig-aendert-sein-logo-a-971793.html
  26. ^ http://www.salzburg.com/nachrichten/welt/sport/fussball/sn/artikel/rb-leipzig-muss-um-lizenz-zittern-91242/
  27. ^ http://www.t-online.de/sport/fussball/id_67485604/rb-leipzig-droht-aerger-mit-der-dfl.html
  28. ^ a b http://www.welt.de/sport/fussball/article122505625/Warum-RB-Leipzig-nur-neun-Mitglieder-hat.html
  29. ^ a b RB Leipzig erfüllt Lizenz-Bedingung. Retrieved 3 Juli 2014.
  30. ^ a b c Impressum des Vereins. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  31. ^ http://leipzig-seiten.de/index.php/sport/32-sport/fussball/14347-nike-wird-neuer-ausruester-von-rb-leipzig
  32. ^ http://www.dnn-online.de/web/dnn/sport/detail/-/specific/Neue-Premiumsponsoren-VW-und-Porsche-steigen-bei-RB-Leipzig-Weiterer-Deal-vor-Abschluss-1626555858
  33. ^ a b c Red Bull Wants to Caffeinate Small Football Club Spiegel online, published: 19 June 2009, accessed: 25 June 2009
  34. ^ http://www.spox.com/de/sport/diashows/bundesliga-schlechteste-teams-aller-zeiten/schlechteste-bundesliga-teams-der-geschichte-tasmania-berlin-wuppertaler-sv-hertha-bsc-dynamo-dresden,seite=5.html
  35. ^ http://www.der-betze-brennt.de/forum/viewtopic.php?t=18440
  36. ^ http://www.nein-zu-rb.de/
  37. ^ http://www.bild.de/sport/fussball/rb-leipzig/bundesweite-fan-proteste-gegen-rb-leipzig-37150368.bild.html
  38. ^ http://www.faszination-fankurve.de/index.php?head=Viele-Fanszenen-beteiligen-sich-an-Nein-zu-RB-Kampagne&folder=sites&site=news_detail&news_id=7525&gal_id=363&bild_nr=1
  39. ^ http://www.nein-zu-rb.de/?page_id=49
  40. ^ http://www.ultras-world.com/news/german-campaign-against-rb-leipzig
  41. ^ Stadion am Bad, Markranstädt (Deutschland) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 25 June 2009
  42. ^ http://www.dierotenbullen.com/fans.html
  43. ^ http://www.bulls-club.de/fanclub/rb-leipzig-fanclub-bulls-club/
  44. ^ http://www.rbl-wiki.de/index.php5?title=Fanbereich
  45. ^ http://www.l-iz.de/Sport/Fu%C3%9Fball/2012/11/Ultras-bei-RB-Leipzig-Red-Aces-Rasenballisten.html
  46. ^ RB Leipzig II at Fussball.de (German) Tables and results of all German football leagues
  47. ^ RB Leipzig II (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 27 February 2015