RCA Studio II
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2011)|
|Type||Home video game console|
|CPU||RCA 1802 microprocessor, 1.78 MHz|
|Controller input||Ten button keypads|
The RCA Studio II is a home video game console made by RCA that debuted in January 1977. The graphics of Studio II games were black and white and resembled those of earlier Pong consoles and their clones. The Studio II also did not have joysticks or similar game controllers but instead used two ten button keypads that were built into the console itself. The console was capable of making simple beep sounds with slight variations in tone and length.
One distinct feature of the Studio II was its five built-in games. Another was its use of a switchbox that relayed both the modulated RF signal of the console's video to the television set while powering the console with DC power. This type of switchbox would not be seen again until the Atari 5200.
The Studio II was not a successful product; the previously released Fairchild Channel F made it obsolete at launch and it suffered a final decisive blow when the superior (to both) Atari 2600 console was released only 10 months later. It was discontinued in 1979.
There was a prototype, called simply RCA Studio. It was a test system comprising a box with exposed circuit boards. RCA executives, including then CFO Ray Easter, were lent the prototype to try at home and give feed back. The "Studio II" was the end product and first commercially available.
In 1978, RCA announced low Christmas sales, and cut production of its Studio II system. While losses were not announced, RCA laid off 120 workers at its plant that produced the system in North Carolina. Some analysts blamed the fact the RCA Studio II's games were in black and white, and could not stand with its colored competitors.
- RCA 1802 microprocessor, 1.78 MHz
- 2 KB ROM (includes the five built-in games)
- 512 bytes RAM
- RCA CDP 1861 "Pixie" video chip, 64x32, monochrome graphics 
Studio II built-in games
Released Studio II cartridge games
- 18V400|TV Arcade I: Space War
- 18V401|TV Arcade II: Fun with Numbers
- 18V402|TV Arcade III: Tennis/Squash
- 18V403|TV Arcade IV: Baseball
- 18V404|TV Arcade Series: Speedway/Tag
- 18V405|TV Arcade Series: Gunfighter/Moonship Battle
- 18V500|TV School House I
- 18V501|TV School House II: Math Fun
- 18V600|TV Casino I: Blackjack
- 18V700|TV Mystic Series: Biorhythm
There is also 1 known game that is a possible prototype called: 'Bingo' which was possibly part of the 'TV Casino' series
Many of the Studio II clones had the same games but they also had unique titles not released in the USA:
- M1200-05|Star Wars (Sheen M1200)
- M1200-07|Pinball (Sheen M1200) or Flipper (German Clone)
List of carts released on the: MPT-02 clones (France/Australia)
- MG-200 Grand Pack (Doodle, Patterns, Blackjack and Bowling)
- MG-201 Bingo
- MG-202 Concentration Match
- MG-203 Star Wars
- MG-204 Math Fun (School House II)
- MG-205 Pinball
- MG-206 Biorythm
- MG-207 Tennis/Squash
- MG-208 Fun with Numbers
- MG-209 Computer Quiz (School House I)
- MG-210 Baseball
- MG-211 Speedway/Tag
- MG-212 Spacewar Intercept
- MG-213 Gun Fight/Moon ship
List of carts released on the: Visicom COM-100 clone(Japan)
- CAS-110 Arithmetic drill (Math Fun & Fun with Numbers)
- CAS-130 Sports fan (Baseball & Sumo Wrestling)
- CAS-140 Gambler I (Blackjack)
- CAS-141 Gambler II (Slot Machine and Dice)
- CAS-160 Space Command (Space War)
- CAS-190 Inspiration (Bagua and Biorhythm)
- Kent, Steven L. (2001). The Ultimate History of Video Games. Three Rivers Press. ISBN 0-7615-3643-4.
- Dillon, Roberto (2011). The Golden Age of Video Games. A K Peter/CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4398-7323-6.
- "Studio II". The Dot Eaters. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "RCA Studio 2 Technical Information". Archived from the original on 2009-04-15.
- History of Home Video Games - RCA Studio II
- The Dot Eaters article, featuring the RCA Studio II
- Emma 02 including RCA Studio II Emulator