NPO Energomash manufactures the RD-180 rocket engine for RD AMROSS, and provides designing, manufacturing, testing and other services for liquid propulsion rocket engines. The RD-180 provides the main thrust on the Atlas V launch vehicle made by the United Launch Alliance.
The first RD-180 engine, produced by NPO Energomash, was delivered to Lockheed Martin Astronautics in Denver, CO, in December 2000. Lockheed Martin completed testing of the engine in December 2001. The liquid oxygen and kerosene (RP-1) engine met all performance requirements for both government and commercial missions. The maiden launch of the Atlas V rocket equipped with the RD-180 engine occurred in 2002.
Under RD AMROSS, Pratt & Whitney is licensed to produce the RD-180 in the United States. Originally, production of the RD-180 in the US was scheduled to begin in 2008, but this did not happen. According to 2006 National Security Space Launch Report, Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne planned to start building the engine in the United States with a first military launch by 2012.
- "Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, RD AMROSS Power Atlas V's Inaugural Launch from Vandenberg". Reuters. 2008-03-13.
- National Security Space Launch Report (pdf). United States Government Accountability Office. 2006. p. 56.