||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (April 2015)|
|Ridership||145,000,000 journeys per year|
(last extension in 1996)
|Rolling stock||Z 5300, Z 5600
|Line length||190 km (120 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The line officially runs from the northern terminus Orry-la-Ville – Coye (D1) to the southern terminuses Melun (D2) and Malesherbes (D4). In reality, some trains continue north to Creil except during rush hours, and the link between Juvisy-sur-Orge and Melun via Corbeil-Essonnes is operated by RER D.
Due to its high rate of incidents and social disturbances, RER D line is colloquially known as "RER poubelle" (Trash).
- First inauguration : 27 September 1987
- Length : 190 km (120 mi)
- Number of stops : 59 (including Corbeil-Essonnes Melun branch, Chantilly and Creil)
Line D links the Gare du Nord with the Gare de Lyon via Châtelet – Les-Halles. The section north of the Gare du Nord opened in the late 1980s; a dedicated tunnel opened in 1995 to connect it to the SNCF network south of the Gare de Lyon, part of which was transferred to the RER.
- 27 September 1987: Inauguration of Line D. Operated Villiers-le-Bel – Gare du Nord – Châtelet-Les Halles, 19 km, using the Line B Tunnel to Châtelet – Les Halles
- 1988: Extension north towards Goussainville.
- September 1990: Extension north towards Orry-la-Ville.
- September 1995: Inauguration of "Interconnexion Sud-Est". The line is extended from Châtelet to Melun and La Ferté-Alais then Malesherbes (the following year, 1996) in the south of Paris.
- January 25th, 1998: New station, St-Denis – Stade de France, opened. Located between Gare du Nord and St-Denis.
- January 29th, 2007: First renovated Z 20500 stock in service.
- March 19th, 2008: Start of the "D Maintenant" programme by Guillaume Pepy, the president of SNCF.
- December 14th, 2008: Reduced "Interconnexion Nord-Sud" service, with 8 interconnected trains per hour.
- Late 2009: End of the "D Maintenant" programme.
- December 7th, 2011: Start of studies for the doubling of the Châtelet-Gare du Nord tunnel.
- December 15th, 2013: New station, Créteil-Pompadour, opened.
Initially, the "métro régional", the ancestor to the RER, was conceived of three lines, one going from east to west (the future RER A), a new line built from existing lines (the future RER C), the extension of the Ligne de Sceaux and with its interconnection with an SNCF line, along with a supplementary interconnected north-south (the future RER D). The operation of renovating "les Halles" gave the occasion to build Châtelet-Les Halles with a cut-and-cover method, in order to reduce costs.
Initially, the new RER D was meant to share with the RER A between Paris-Gare de Lyon and Châtelet-Les Halles. But, RATP, the company who runs the RER A, objected to such an operation as the number of passengers using the RER A was growing and required running extra trains on the RER A. It was decided that instead, each lines must have its own platforms, in which the RER A at the Gare de Lyon has its tracks at lower level of the underground station, with the future RER D on the upper level. The RER D tracks at Paris-Gare de Lyon have four tracks and being above the RER A tracks, allowed "platform to platform" transfers vertically, a Japanese invention.
On September 27th, 1987, the RER D was officially created, by extending existing suburban trains from Villiers-le-Bel to Gare du Nord, towards Châtelet-Les Halles. Initially 19 km (12 mi) long, it was equipped with bi-current Z 8800 stock trains, while newer Z 20500 stock trains were still being built. At Châtelet-Les Halles station, the RER D terminated on the three central tracks, already built from the conception of Châtelet-Les Halles station.
In 1988, existing suburban trains terminating at Goussainville now integrate with the RER D. On the same year, the first bi-mode Z 20500 trains are in service. They were initially composed of 4 cars until the north-south interconnection was inaugurated in 1995, when they became 5-car trains (where they're coupled to make 10-car trains).
In September 1990, the RER D again extended north to Orry-la-Ville. At the same time, one-man operation started on the RER D. Finally, on September 11th, 1995, the north-south interconnection of the RER D was put into service by building a dedicated 2.5 km (1.6 mi) long tunnel between Châtelet-Les Halles and Paris-Gare de Lyon.
In 1996, the RER D was extended south from La Ferté-Alais to Malesherbes. On January 15th, 1998 for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, St-Denis – Stade de France station opened, in order to serve the Stade de France.
The RER D is known in Paris as one of the most unpunctual railway line in the RER network. This unpunctuality is especially due to the shared tunnel between the RER B and RER D between Châtelet - Les Halles station and Gare du Nord station, where even a small delay of a few seconds on either lines causes catastrophic delays and trains to be cancelled, to the point that regular commuters of the RER D are used to trains being cancelled or late daily.
List of RER D stations
|D1||Creil||*||Creil||SNCF TER Picardie|
|La Borne Blanche||Orry-la-Ville La Chapelle en Serval|
|Survilliers-Fosses||5||Fosses||CIF 28, 28B29, 29C, 60, 114, 117|
|Louvres||CIF 25abce, 36, 113, 114, 702|
|Les Noues||Goussainville||CIF 33, 34|
|Goussainville||12, 12Zi, 30abd, 32, 46; GBus; Bus95 95.10|
|Villiers-le-Bel – Gonesse – Arnouville||4||Arnouville||RATP 268, 270, 370; TransVO 22, 23, 23Zi, 34, 35, 36, 37|
|Garges – Sarcelles||Garges-lès-Gonesse Sarcelles||Tramway T5; RATP 133, 168, 252, 333, 368; Bus95 95.02; CIF 31; Filéo Sarcelles|
|Pierrefitte – Stains||Pierrefitte Stains||RATP 168, 254|
|Saint-Denis||3||Saint-Denis||Transilien ; Tramway T1; Tramway T8; RATP 154, 170, 174, 178, 261|
|Stade de France – Saint-Denis||RATP 139, 173|
|Gare du Nord||1||Paris||TGV, Eurostar, ICE, SNCF; TER Picardie, TER Thalys; Transilien ; ; ; RATP 26, 30, 31, 38, 42, 43, 48, 54, 65, 302, 350; OpenTour|
|Châtelet-Les Halles||Paris||; ; RATP 21, 38, 58, 67, 72, 74, 75, 76, 81, 85, 96|
|Gare de Lyon||Paris||TGV; Transilien ; ; ; RATP 20, 24, 29, 57, 63, 65, 91|
|Maisons-Alfort – Alfortville||3||RATP 103, 217, 372|
|Le Vert de Maisons||Maisons-Alfort, Alfortville|
|Créteil Pompadour||Choisy le Roi, Créteil|
|Villeneuve – Triage||Villeneuve Saint Georges, Choisy le Roi||RATP 182; STRAV L|
|Villeneuve-Saint-Georges||4||Athiscar 3, 8; STRAV A, B, G, H, J1, J2, K, L, N|
|D2||Montgeron – Crosne||4||Montgeron, Crosne||STRAV E, Q|
|Yerres||STRAV F1, F2, F3, I|
|Brunoy||5||Brunoy, Épinay sous Sénart, Mandres Les Roses||STRAV C1, C2, D, M, Q; TransEssonne 91-01|
|Boussy-Saint-Antoine||Boussy St Antoine Quincy ss Sénart||SETRA 6; STRAV C1, C2|
|Combs-la-Ville – Quincy||Combs la Ville, Brie Comte Robert||SénartBus 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 20; SETRA 7,20; STRAV M|
|Lieusaint – Moissy||Lieusaint, Moissy-Cramayel, St Pierre du Perray, Tigery, Réau||SénartBus 01, 02, 03, 10, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 30; SénartExpress 50, 51, 55; Darche-Gros 14; SETRA 18|
|Savigny-le-Temple – Nandy||Savigny le Temple, Nandy||SénartBus 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 60A, 60B; SénartExpress 50|
|Cesson||Cesson, Vert S Denis, Seine-Port, Savigny Le Temple||SénartBus 30, 36, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 60A, 60C; TRAM O|
|Le Mée||Le Mée, Boissise la Bertrand, Boissettes||TRAM B, F, J|
|Melun||Melun, Dammarie Les Lys, La Rochette, Vaux Le Penil, Rubelles, Voisenon||TGV; Transilien ; TRAM A, C, D, E, F, H, K, L; Darche-Gros 1, 24, 30, 37; «Seine and marne express» 1|
|D4||Vigneux-sur-Seine||4||Vigneux sur Seine, Draveil|
|Juvisy||; RATP 285, 385, 399; AthisBus 486abcd, 499; CEAT|
|Viry-Châtillon||5||Daniel Mayer «Pass Partout»|
|Grigny – Centre||5||Tice 402, 510|
|Orangis – Bois de l'Épine||Ris Orangis||Tice 402, 404, 405, 406, 418|
|Évry – Courcouronnes Centre||Évry, Courcouronnes||Tice 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 407, 408, 414, 453; SénartExpress 50|
|Le Bras-de-Fer||Évry, Lisses||Tice 401, 402, 404, 408; SénartExpress 50|
|Le Grand Bourg||Évry||Tice 419|
|Évry-Val-de-Seine||Évry, Soisy sur Seine||Tice 403, 408, 453|
|D4||Corbeil-Essonnes||5||Tice 401, 405; other 3A, 3B|
|La Ferté-Alais||La Ferté-Alais|
- From French version: "Des incident fréquents: un RER 'poubelle'?" ("Frequent incidents: 'RER Trash'?").
- Jean Robert, Notre métro, p. 386
- Jean Robert, Notre métro, p. 386
- Bernard Collardey, Les Trains de banlieue, tome II, p. 227
- Les Trains de Banlieue. Tome II. De 1938 à 1999, op. cit., p. 227.
- INA - Report on the new RER D.
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6j_NlbfMOn8 | French TV report on the unreliability of the RER D
- RATP's English-language website
- RATP's interactive map of the RER
- RATP's interactive map of the Paris métro
- RATP official website
- Mobidf website, dedicated to the RER (unofficial)
- Metro-Pole website, dedicated to Paris public transports (unofficial)