REV3L

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REV3-like, polymerase (DNA directed), zeta, catalytic subunit
Protein REV3L PDB 3ABD.png
Rendering based on PDB 3ABD.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols REV3L ; POLZ; REV3
External IDs OMIM602776 MGI1337131 HomoloGene48147 GeneCards: REV3L Gene
EC number 2.7.7.7
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE REV3L 208070 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 5980 19714
Ensembl ENSG00000009413 ENSMUSG00000019841
UniProt O60673 Q61493
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_002912 NM_011264
RefSeq (protein) NP_002903 NP_035394
Location (UCSC) Chr 6:
111.62 – 111.8 Mb
Chr 10:
39.73 – 39.88 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Protein reversionless 3-like (REV3L) also known as DNA polymerase zeta catalytic subunit (POLZ) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the REV3L gene.[1][2][3]

The Rev3 subunit interacts with Rev7 to form Pol ζ, a B family polymerase. Pol ζ lacks 3' to 5' exonuclease activity and is a moderate fidelity polymerase. It cannot add nucleotides across from DNA lesions, yet it can extend from primers with terminal mismatches. This makes Pol ζ very important in translesion synthesis (TLS), because it can act in concert with other TLS polymerases that can add across the lesion to complete the bypass of the lesion. Most polymerases have difficulty extending mismatches because they cannot bind properly to the mismatched DNA. So rather than the cell dying, it can survive albeit with a mutation that may or may not be deleterious, so it is believed that Pol ζ is a driving force of evolution.[citation needed]

Interactions[edit]

REV3L has been shown to interact with MAD2L2.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gibbs PE, McGregor WG, Maher VM, Nisson P, Lawrence CW (Jul 1998). "A human homolog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae REV3 gene, which encodes the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase zeta". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95 (12): 6876–80. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.12.6876. PMC 22668. PMID 9618506. 
  2. ^ Morelli C, Mungall AJ, Negrini M, Barbanti-Brodano G, Croce CM (Mar 1999). "Alternative splicing, genomic structure, and fine chromosome localization of REV3L". Cytogenet Cell Genet 83 (1–2): 18–20. doi:10.1159/000015157. PMID 9925914. 
  3. ^ "Entrez Gene: REV3L REV3-like, catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase zeta (yeast)". 
  4. ^ Murakumo Y, Roth T, Ishii H, Rasio D, Numata S, Croce CM, Fishel R (February 2000). "A human REV7 homolog that interacts with the polymerase zeta catalytic subunit hREV3 and the spindle assembly checkpoint protein hMAD2". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (6): 4391–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.6.4391. PMID 10660610. 
  5. ^ Murakumo Y, Ogura Y, Ishii H, Numata S, Ichihara M, Croce CM, Fishel R, Takahashi M (September 2001). "Interactions in the error-prone postreplication repair proteins hREV1, hREV3, and hREV7". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (38): 35644–51. doi:10.1074/jbc.M102051200. PMID 11485998. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Xiao W, Lechler T, Chow BL et al. (1998). "Identification, chromosomal mapping and tissue-specific expression of hREV3 encoding a putative human DNA polymerase zeta". Carcinogenesis 19 (5): 945–9. doi:10.1093/carcin/19.5.945. PMID 9635887. 
  • Lin W, Wu X, Wang Z (1999). "A full-length cDNA of hREV3 is predicted to encode DNA polymerase zeta for damage-induced mutagenesis in humans". Mutat. Res. 433 (2): 89–98. doi:10.1016/s0921-8777(98)00065-2. PMID 10102035. 
  • Karayianni E, Magnanini C, Orphanos V et al. (2000). "Transcriptional map of chromosome region 6q16→q21". Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 86 (3–4): 263–6. doi:10.1159/000015356. PMID 10575223. 
  • Murakumo Y, Roth T, Ishii H et al. (2000). "A human REV7 homolog that interacts with the polymerase zeta catalytic subunit hREV3 and the spindle assembly checkpoint protein hMAD2". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (6): 4391–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.6.4391. PMID 10660610. 
  • Masutani C, Kusumoto R, Iwai S, Hanaoka F (2000). "Mechanisms of accurate translesion synthesis by human DNA polymerase eta". EMBO J. 19 (12): 3100–9. doi:10.1093/emboj/19.12.3100. PMC 203367. PMID 10856253. 
  • Kawamura K, O-Wang J, Bahar R et al. (2001). "The error-prone DNA polymerase zeta catalytic subunit (Rev3) gene is ubiquitously expressed in normal and malignant human tissues". Int. J. Oncol. 18 (1): 97–103. doi:10.3892/ijo.18.1.97. PMID 11115544. 
  • Murakumo Y, Ogura Y, Ishii H et al. (2001). "Interactions in the error-prone postreplication repair proteins hREV1, hREV3, and hREV7". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (38): 35644–51. doi:10.1074/jbc.M102051200. PMID 11485998. 
  • Li Z, Zhang H, McManus TP et al. (2003). "hREV3 is essential for error-prone translesion synthesis past UV or benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide-induced DNA lesions in human fibroblasts". Mutat. Res. 510 (1–2): 71–80. PMID 12459444. 
  • Zhu F, Jin CX, Song T et al. (2003). "Response of human REV3 gene to gastric cancer inducing carcinogen N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and its role in mutagenesis". World J. Gastroenterol. 9 (5): 888–93. PMID 12717825. 
  • Mungall AJ, Palmer SA, Sims SK et al. (2003). "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6". Nature 425 (6960): 805–11. doi:10.1038/nature02055. PMID 14574404. 
  • Ohashi E, Murakumo Y, Kanjo N et al. (2005). "Interaction of hREV1 with three human Y-family DNA polymerases". Genes Cells 9 (6): 523–31. doi:10.1111/j.1356-9597.2004.00747.x. PMID 15189446. 
  • Tao WA, Wollscheid B, O'Brien R et al. (2005). "Quantitative phosphoproteome analysis using a dendrimer conjugation chemistry and tandem mass spectrometry". Nat. Methods 2 (8): 591–8. doi:10.1038/nmeth776. PMID 16094384. 
  • Olsen JV, Blagoev B, Gnad F et al. (2006). "Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks". Cell 127 (3): 635–48. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.09.026. PMID 17081983.