Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium

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Not to be confused with John F. Kennedy Stadium.
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium
RFK Stadium
RFKStadiumLogo150.PNG
RFK Stadium
Aerial photo of Robert F.Kennedy Memorial Stadium in 1988, facing the Capitol.
Former names District of Columbia (D.C.) Stadium (1961–1968)
Location 2400 East Capitol St. SE, Washington, D.C. 20003 USA
Coordinates 38°53′23″N 76°58′18″W / 38.88972°N 76.97167°W / 38.88972; -76.97167Coordinates: 38°53′23″N 76°58′18″W / 38.88972°N 76.97167°W / 38.88972; -76.97167
Public transit Stadium–Armory
Owner District of Columbia
Operator Events DC
Capacity Baseball:
43,500 (1961)
45,016 (1971)
45,596 (2005)
Football/Soccer:
56,692 (1961)
45,596 (2005–present) (NCAA/USMNT)
20,000(2012–present) (MLS)
Field size Left Field: 335 ft (102 m)
Left-Center: 380 ft (116 m)
Center Field: 410 ft (125 m)
Right-Center: 380 ft (116 m)
Right Field: 335 ft (102 m)
Backstop: 54 ft (16 m)
Surface Grass (Prescription Athletic Turf)
Construction
Broke ground July 8, 1960[1]
Opened October 1, 1961
Construction cost $24 million
($189 million in 2014 dollars[2])
Architect George Leighton Dahl, Architects and Engineers, Inc.
Structural engineer Osborn Engineering Company
Services engineer Ewin Engineering Associates
General contractor McCloskey and Co.
Tenants
Washington Redskins (NFL) (1961–1996)
George Washington Colonials (NCAA) (1961–1966)
Washington Senators (II) (AL) (1962–1971)
Washington Whips (USA / NASL) (1967–1968)
Washington Darts (NASL) (1971)
Washington Diplomats (NASL / USL1) (1974–1981, 1991)
Team America (NASL) (1983)
Washington Federals (USFL) (1983–1984)
D.C. United (MLS) (1996–present)
Washington Freedom (WUSA) (2001–2003)
Washington Nationals (NL) (2005–2007)
Military Bowl (NCAA) (2008–2012)
Washington Freedom (WPS) (2009–2011)

Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium (originally District of Columbia Stadium (D.C. Stadium), commonly RFK Stadium or RFK) is a multi-purpose stadium, located near the Anacostia River in Washington, D.C., United States, and the current home of MLS's D.C. United, the AT&T Nation's Football Classic,[3] and frequently the United States men's national soccer team.

The stadium was opened in October 1961, as District of Columbia Stadium, and was constructed as a joint venture of the DC Armory Board and the United States Department of the Interior. It is now owned and operated by Events DC (the successor agency to the DC Armory Board), a quasi-public organization affiliated with the city government under a long-term lease from the National Park Service, which owns the land. The lease expires in 2038.[4]

The stadium has been home for a number of major professional sports teams, including the NFL's Washington Redskins (1961 through 1996; moved to FedExField in suburban Maryland), the American League's Washington Senators (1962 through 1971; moved to Arlington, Texas and renamed Texas Rangers), and the National League's Washington Nationals (2005 through 2007; moved to Nationals Park). It has hosted international soccer matches in the 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1996 Summer Olympics and 2003 Women's World Cup. It also hosted a college football bowl game, the Military Bowl, from 2008 to 2012 before that game was moved to Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium in Annapolis, Maryland.[5]

The stadium was renamed in January 1969 for U.S. Senator and presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy, who had been assassinated in Los Angeles the previous June.

RFK was one of the first major stadiums designed specifically as a multi-sport facility for both football and baseball. Cleveland Municipal Stadium (1932), Baltimore's Memorial Stadium (1950), and Bloomington Minnesota's Metropolitan Stadium (1956) were multi-sport stadiums all of which predated RFK. Metropolitan Stadium opened in 1956 as a venue for the NFL's Minnesota Vikings and the minor league baseball Minneapolis Millers, and became a major league baseball stadium with the arrival of the Minnesota Twins in the spring of 1961. RFK Stadium was the first to employ a circular exterior shape.

History[edit]

RFK Stadium was home for 36 seasons to the Redskins, whose return to prominence as a football power began the same year (1960) that the original baseball Senators played their final season, relocating in 1961 to Minnesota as the Twins. The Redskins' first game in D.C. Stadium was a 24–21 loss to the New York Giants on October 1, 1961. The Beatles performed their last concert in Washington D.C., on August 15, 1966, at D.C. Stadium. The team's first win in the stadium was over its future archrival, the Dallas Cowboys, on December 17, 1961. This was the only win in a 1–12–1 season, and it came on the final weekend of the regular season. The Redskins' last win at RFK was a 37–10 victory over the Cowboys on December 22, 1996.

Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium (then known as District of Columbia Stadium) in 1963.

The stadium hosted its first baseball All-Star Game in its first season of 1962, which was attended by Robert Kennedy's brother, President John F. Kennedy (in whose administration Robert Kennedy served as Attorney General), and the 1969 All-Star Game, which was played in the daytime, after a rainout the night before. It turned out to be the final MLB All-Star Game played during the daytime hours.

Another notable baseball moment occurred in a Cracker Jack Old Timers game in 1982, when 75 year-old Hall of Famer Luke Appling hit a home run. Although he had a .310 lifetime batting average, Appling only hit 45 home runs in 20 seasons. However, because the stadium had not been fully reconfigured, it was just 260 feet (79 m) to the left-field foul pole, far shorter than normal.

In its tenure as the Senators' home field, RFK Stadium was known as a hitters' park. Slugger Frank Howard, a six-foot-seven-inch tall, 255-pound left fielder, hit a number of tape-measure home runs in his career, a few of which landed in the center field area of the upper deck. The seats Howard hit with his home runs are painted white, rather than the gold of the rest of the upper deck. Howard also hit the last home run in the park's original tenure, on September 30, 1971. With one out remaining in the game, a fan riot turned a 7–5 Senators lead over the New York Yankees into a 9–0 forfeit loss. However, in its tenure as the Nationals' home field, RFK was known as a pitchers' park. While Howard hit at least 44 home runs for three straight seasons (1968–70), the 2005 Nationals had only one hitter with more than 15 home runs, José Guillén with 24. However, in his lone season with the team in 2006 Alfonso Soriano hit 46 home runs. During the Nationals' tenure at the stadium, it was the fourth-oldest active stadium in Major League Baseball behind Fenway Park, Wrigley Field and Yankee Stadium.[6]

From 1993 to 1999 and from 2001 to 2004, former rock radio station WHFS held its annual HFStival rock concert at RFK Stadium.

In November 2013, Events D.C.—the city agency which operates RFK Stadium—began a strategic planning process to study options for the future of the stadium, its 80 acres (320,000 m2) campus, and the nonmilitary portions of the adjacent D.C. Armory. Events D.C. said one option to be studied was demolition within a decade, while another would be the status quo. The strategic planning process also included design and development of options. The agency said that RFK Stadium has generated $4 million to $5 million a year in revenues since 1997, which did not cover operating expenses.[7] In August 2014, Events D.C. chose the consulting firm of Brailsford & Dunlavey to create the master plan.[8]

The stadium was prominently featured in the climax of the film X-Men: Days of Future Past, released in May 2014.[9]

Design[edit]

The stadium's design was perfectly circular, attempting to facilitate both football and baseball. It was the first to use the so-called "cookie-cutter" concept, an approach also used in Philadelphia, New York, Houston, Atlanta, St. Louis, San Diego, Cincinnati, Oakland, and Pittsburgh. Except for the stadiums in Houston, San Diego, and Oakland (the former is still standing but is no longer actively used, while the latter two are still active), RFK Stadium ultimately outlasted all of the aforementioned stadiums.

However, as would become the case with every other stadium where this was tried, the design was not ideal for either sport due to the different shapes and sizes of the playing fields. As the playing field dimensions for football and baseball vary greatly, seating had to accommodate the larger playing surface. In the case of RFK Stadium, this resulted in the first ten rows of the football configuration being nearly at field level, making it difficult to see over the players.

As a baseball park, RFK was a particular target of scorn from baseball purists, largely because it was one of the few stadiums with no lower-deck seats in the outfield. The only outfield seats are in the upper deck, above a high wall. According to Sporting News publications in the 1960s, over 27,000 seats—roughly 60 percent of the listed capacity of 45,000 for baseball—were in the upper tier or mezzanine levels. The lower-to-upper proportion improved for the Redskins, with end-zone seats filling in some of the gaps.

Panoramic view of Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium.

A complex conversion was necessary, at a cost of $40,000 per switch, to convert the stadium from a football configuration to baseball and back again; in its final form, this included rolling the third-base lower-level seats into the outfield along a buried rail, dropping the hydraulic pitcher's mound 3 feet (0.91 m) into the ground, and laying sod over the infield dirt. Later facilities were designed so the seating configuration could be changed much more quickly and at a lower cost. The conversion was only required several times per year during the Senators' joint tenancy with the Redskins, but became much more frequent while the Nationals and D.C. United shared the stadium during the mostly concurrent MLB and MLS seasons; in 2005, the conversion was made more than 20 times. Originally the seats located behind the stadium's third-base dugout would be removed for baseball games and put back in place when the stadium was converted to the football (and later soccer) configuration. When these sections were in place, RFK seated approximately 56,000 fans. Following the Washington Nationals' move to RFK in 2005, this particular segment of the stands was permanently removed to facilitate the switch between the baseball and soccer configurations. These seats were not restored following the Nationals' move to Nationals Park, leaving the stadium's seating capacity at approximately 46,000. D.C. United does not normally make the tickets for the majority of the upper-level seating available for purchase, and the stadium's reduced capacity thus is not normally problematic for the club.

During the years when the stadium was used only for Redskins games, the rotating seats remained in the football configuration. If an exhibition baseball game were scheduled, the left-field wall was only 250 feet (76 m) from home plate, and a large screen was erected in left field for some games.

Some of RFK's quirks endear the venue to fans and players. The large rolling bleacher section is less stable than other seating, allowing fans to jump in rhythm to cause the whole area to bounce. Also, despite its small size (it never seated more than 56,000 people), because of the stadium's design and the proximity of the fans to the field when configured for football, the stadium was extremely loud when the usual sell-out Redskins crowds became vocal. Legend has it that former Redskins coach George Allen would order a large rolling door opened in the side of the stadium when visiting teams were attempting field goals at critical moments in games so that a swirling wind from off the Potomac and Anacostia rivers would interfere with the flight of the kicked ball.

Since the stadium is on a direct sight line with the Washington Monument and the United States Capitol, light towers were not allowed; instead, arc lights were placed on its curved, dipping roof.

Seating capacity[edit]

Baseball[edit]

  • 43,500 (1962–1970)[10]
  • 45,016 (1971–2004)[10]
  • 45,596 (2005–present)[10]

Football/Soccer[edit]

  • 49,219 (1961–1964)[11]
  • 50,000 (1965–1969)[12]
  • 50,415 (1970)[13]
  • 53,041 (1971)[14]
  • 53,039 (1972)[15]
  • 54,381 (1973)[16]
  • 54,395 (1974)[17]
  • 55,004 (1975–1976)[18]
  • 55,031 (1977–1979)[19]
  • 55,045 (1980–1983)[20]
  • 55,431 (1984)[21]
  • 55,750 (1985–1991)[22]
  • 56,454 (1992–2004)[23]
  • 46,000 (2005–present)[24]

Dimensions[edit]

Satellite view of stadium in pre-2005 soccer configuration; the darker red seats at the northwest end are not part of the current setup.

The dimensions of the baseball field were 335 feet (102 m) down the foul lines, 380 feet (120 m) to the power alleys and 408 feet (124 m) to center field during the Senators' time. The official distances when the Nationals arrived were identical, except for two additional feet to center field. After complaints from Nationals hitters it was discovered in July 2005 that the fence had actually been put in place incorrectly, and it was 394.74 feet (120.32 m) to the power alleys in left; 395 feet (120 m) to the right-field power alley; and 407.83 feet (124.31 m) to center field. The section of wall containing the 380-foot (120 m) sign was moved closer to the foul lines to more accurately represent the distance shown on the signs but no changes were made to the actual dimensions.

Stadium name[edit]

The stadium was opened in October 1961 as the District of Columbia Stadium (D.C. Stadium for short). The stadium was renamed in January 1969, for U.S. Senator and presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy, who had been assassinated in Los Angeles the previous June. As attorney general, Kennedy's Justice Department played a role in the racial integration of the Redskins.[25] Along with Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall, Kennedy threatened to revoke the team's lease at the federally owned stadium until it promised to sign African American players.[25][26]

On April 14, 2005, just before the Nationals' home opener, the D.C. Sports and Entertainment Commission announced an agreement with the Department of Defense under which the military would pay the city about $6 million for naming rights and the right to place recruiting kiosks and signage in the stadium. In return, the stadium would be dubbed "Armed Forces Field at RFK Stadium".[27] This plan was dropped within days, however, after several prominent members of Congress questioned the use of public funds for a stadium sponsorship.[28]

Similar proposals to sell the naming rights to the National Guard,[27] ProFunds (a Bethesda, Maryland investment company),[28] and Sony[29] were all potential names in 2005 and 2006, but no agreement was ever finalized.

Notable events[edit]

Football[edit]

  • The Redskins beat the New York Giants 72–41 on November 27, 1966. The 113 combined points are the most ever scored in an NFL game.
  • On December 31, 1972, the Redskins defeat the Dallas Cowboys 26–3 in the NFC Championship Game to earn a trip to Super Bowl VII.
  • In a Monday Night Football game on October 8, 1973, Redskins safety Ken Houston stops Cowboys' receiver Walt Garrison at the goal line as time expired to secure a win.
  • December 17, 1977: the Redskins defeat the Los Angeles Rams 17–14 in what would be head coach George Allen's final game with the team.
  • October 25, 1981: the Redskins narrowly beat the New England Patriots 24–22 to earn head coach Joe Gibbs his first win at RFK Stadium.
  • January 22, 1983: the stadium physically shakes as a capacity crowd of 54,000 chant "We Want Dallas" taunting the hated Cowboys in the NFC Championship Game. The Redskins go on to defeat the Cowboys 31–17 to earn a trip to Super Bowl XVII where they beat the Miami Dolphins 27–17 to claim the franchise's first Super Bowl win.
  • September 5, 1983: Redskins' rookie cornerback Darrell Green chases down Cowboys' running back Tony Dorsett from behind to prevent him from scoring. However, the Redskins ended up losing late in the fourth quarter.
  • November 18, 1985: Giants' linebacker Lawrence Taylor sacks Redskins' quarterback Joe Theismann severely breaking his leg and ending his NFL career. Backup quarterback Jay Schroeder comes in and leads the Redskins to a 23–21 victory on Monday Night Football.
  • January 17, 1988: Cornerback Darrell Green knocks down a Wade Wilson pass at the goal line to clinch a victory over the Minnesota Vikings in the NFC Championship game. The Redskins go on to defeat the Denver Broncos 42–10 in Super Bowl XXII.
  • January 4, 1992: In a pouring rain, the Redskins beat the Atlanta Falcons 24–7 in the Divisional round of the playoffs. After a touchdown scored by Redskins fullback Gerald Riggs with 6:32 remaining in the fourth quarter, the fans shower the field with the free yellow seat cushions given to them when they entered the stadium.
  • January 12, 1992: the Redskins beat the Detroit Lions 41–10 in the NFC Championship Game earning a trip to Super Bowl XXVI where they beat the Buffalo Bills 37–24. As of the 2013 NFL season, the Redskins have not hosted or played in another NFC Championship since the victory over Detroit.
  • December 13, 1992: Redskins' head coach Joe Gibbs coaches what would be his last win at RFK Stadium. The Redskins defeat the Cowboys 20–17.
  • December 22, 1996: The Redskins win their last game in the stadium, defeating their arch-rivals, the Dallas Cowboys, 37–10. In a halftime ceremony, several past Redskins greats were introduced, wearing replicas of the jerseys of their time. After the game, fans storm the field and rip up chunks of grass as souvenirs. In the parking lot, fans are seen walking away with the stadium's burgundy and gold seats.
  • December 20, 2008: Wake Forest defeats Navy 29–19 in the inaugural EagleBank Bowl, before a crowd of 28,777, in the first bowl game to be played in Washington, D.C.
  • December 29, 2009: UCLA defeats Temple 30–21, before a crowd of 23,072, in the second annual EagleBank Bowl.
  • December 29, 2010: Maryland defeats East Carolina 51–20, before a crowd of 38,062, in the 2010 Military Bowl, formerly the EagleBank Bowl. Great fan turnout from both universities set a bowl attendance record in Maryland coach Ralph Friedgen's final game.

Baseball[edit]

A Washington Nationals game at RFK, June 2005.
  • April 9, 1962: The Washington Senators defeat the Detroit Tigers 4-1 in the first baseball game played in the stadium. President John F. Kennedy throws out the first pitch.
  • June 12, 1967: The Senators defeat the Chicago White Sox 6-5 in the longest night game in major league history to that time. The 22-inning game lasts 6 hours and 38 minutes and ends at 2:43 a.m.
  • September 30, 1971: In the Senators' final home game, the Senators led the New York Yankees 7–5 with two outs in the top of the ninth. After an obese teenager runs onto the field, picks up first base, and runs off, fans storm the field and tear up bases, grass patches, and anything else they can find for souvenirs. The Senators are ruled to have forfeited the game, 9–0.[30]
  • July 19, 1982: At a Cracker Jack Old Timers exhibition game attended by over 29,000 fans, 75-year-old Luke Appling hit a home run against the National League's Warren Spahn.[31]
  • April 14, 2005: The Washington Nationals (formerly the Montreal Expos) defeat the Arizona Diamondbacks 5–3, before a crowd of 45,596, to win their first game in Washington, D.C. They go on to sweep the four-game series.
  • September 16, 2006: Washington Nationals' Alfonso Soriano steals second base in the first inning of the game against the Milwaukee Brewers to become the fourth player to hit 40 home runs and steal 40 bases in a season.[32]
  • September 23, 2007: Washington Nationals defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 5–3, before a crowd of 40,519, in the final baseball game played at RFK Stadium. The win gives the Nationals an overall record of 122–121 in three seasons at the stadium.

Soccer[edit]

D.C. United after their win in the 2004 MLS Eastern Conference finals
RFK Stadium during a D.C. United soccer match in March 2009

1993 Supercoppa Italiana[edit]

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Score Team #2 Attendance
August 21, 1993 4:00 p.m. Italy A.C. Milan
1992-93 Serie A Winners
1-0 Italy Torino
1992-93 Coppa Italia Winners
25,268

1994 FIFA World Cup matches[edit]

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Score Team #2 Round Attendance
June 19, 1994 4:00 p.m.  Norway 1–0  Mexico Group E 52,395
June 20, 1994 7:30 p.m.  Netherlands 2–1  Saudi Arabia Group F 50,535
June 28, 1994 12:30 p.m.  Italy 1–1  Mexico Group E 52,535
June 29, 1994 12:30 p.m.  Belgium 0–1  Saudi Arabia Group F 52,959
July 2, 1994 4:30 p.m.  Spain 3–0  Switzerland Round of 16 53,121

1996 Olympic Football Men's tournament matches[edit]

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Score Team #2 Round Attendance
July 20, 1996 3:00 p.m.  Portugal 2–0  Tunisia Group A 34,796
July 21, 1996 12:00 p.m.  South Korea 1–0  Ghana Group C 45,946
July 22, 1996 7:30 p.m.  Argentina 1–1  Portugal Group A 25,811
July 23, 1996 9:00 p.m.  Ghana 3–2  Italy Group C 27,849
July 24, 1996 7:30 p.m.  United States 1–1  Portugal Group A 58,012
July 25, 1996 9:00 p.m.  Mexico 1–1  Ghana Group C 30,237

1996 Olympic Football Women's tournament matches[edit]

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Score Team #2 Round Attendance
July 21, 1996 3:00 p.m.  Norway 2–2  Brazil Group B 45,946
July 23, 1996 6:30 p.m.  Norway 3–2  Germany 28,000
July 25, 1996 6:30 p.m.  Norway 4–0  Japan 30,237

MLS Cup '97[edit]

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Score Team #2 Attendance
October 26, 1997 5:00 p.m. D.C. United 2–1 Colorado Rapids 57,431

MLS Cup 2000[edit]

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Score Team #2 Attendance
October 15, 2000 2:00 p.m. Kansas City Wizards 1–0 Chicago Fire 39,159

2002 MLS All-Star Game[edit]

Date Team #1 Score Team #2 Attendance
August 3, 2002 MLS All-Stars 3-2  United States 31,096

2003 FIFA Women's World Cup matches[edit]

Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Score Team #2 Round Attendance
September 21, 2003 12:30 p.m.  United States 3–1  Sweden Group A 34,144
September 21, 2003 3:15 p.m.  Brazil 3–0  South Korea Group B 34,144
September 24, 2003 5:09 p.m.  Norway 1–4  Brazil 16,316
September 24, 2003 7:45 p.m.  France 1–0  South Korea 16,316
September 27, 2003 12:45 p.m.  France 1–1  Brazil 17,618
September 27, 2003 3:30 p.m.  Argentina 1–6  Germany Group C 17,618

2004 MLS All-Star Game[edit]

Date Game Team #1 Score Team #2 Attendance
July 31, 2004 Game 1 of 2 United States U.S. 1994 World Cup Squad 2-2 United Nations MLS International Stars 21,378
Game 2 of 2 East 3-2 West

MLS Cup 2007[edit]

Date Time (EST) Team #1 Score Team #2 Attendance
November 18, 2007 12:00 p.m. New England Revolution 1–2 Houston Dynamo 39,859

2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup matches[edit]

Date Team #1 Score Team #2 Round Attendance
8 July 2009  Haiti 2–0  Grenada Group B 56,692
 United States 2–0  Honduras

2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup matches[edit]

Date Team #1 Score Team #2 Round Attendance
June 19, 2011  Jamaica 0–2  United States Quarter-finals 45,424
 Panama 1–1 (5-3 pen)  El Salvador

United States Men's National Team matches[edit]

The United States Men's National Soccer Team has played more games at RFK Stadium than any other stadium in the world.[38] Some have suggested that due to the nature of RFK and its quirkiness that it would be a suitable national stadium if US Soccer were ever to seek one out.[39][40] Several prominent members of the national team have scored at RFK including: Brian McBride, Cobi Jones, Eric Wynalda, Joe-Max Moore, Clint Dempsey, Michael Bradley, and Landon Donovan. Winners are listed first.

Date Competition Team Score Team Attendance
October 6, 1977 Friendly  China PR 1–1  United States Unknown
May 12, 1990 Friendly Netherlands AFC Ajax 1–1  United States 18,245
October 19, 1991 Friendly  North Korea 2–1  United States 16,351
May 30, 1992 1992 U.S. Cup  United States 3–1  Republic of Ireland 35,696
October 13, 1993 Friendly  Mexico 1–1  United States 23,927
06-18, 1995 1995 U.S. Cup  United States 4–0  Mexico 38,615
October 8, 1995 Friendly  United States 4–3  Saudi Arabia 10,216
June 12, 1996 1996 U.S. Cup  Bolivia 2–0  United States 19,350
November 3, 1996 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)  United States 2–0  Guatemala 30,082
October 3, 1997 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)  Jamaica 1–1  United States 51,528
May 30, 1998 Friendly  Scotland 0–0  United States 46,037
June 13, 1999 Friendly  United States 1–0  Argentina 40,119
June 3, 2000 2000 U.S. Cup  United States 4–0  South Africa 16,570
September 3, 2000 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)  United States 1–0  Guatemala 51,556
September 1, 2001 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)  Honduras 3–2  United States 54,282
May 12, 2002 Friendly  United States 2–1  Uruguay 30,413
November 17, 2002 Friendly  United States 2–0  El Salvador 25,390
October 13, 2004 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)  United States 6–0  Panama 22,000
October 11, 2008 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)  United States 6–1  Cuba 20,249
July 8, 2009 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup  United States 2–1  Honduras 26,079
October 14, 2009 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)  Costa Rica 2–2  United States 36,243
June 19, 2011 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup  United States 2–0  Jamaica 45,424
June 2, 2013 US Soccer Centennial Match  United States 4–3  Germany 47,359

Boxing[edit]

Concerts[edit]

Motor sports[edit]

  • On July 21, 2002, the American Le Mans Series held its first event in Washington, D.C. The Cadillac Grand Prix of Washington was run on a temporary circuit laid out in the RFK stadium parking lot, and was the first major motor sports event held in the District of Columbia in 80 years.[45] Originally a ten-year agreement was signed to host the race on a yearly basis.[46] Residents living near the stadium were concerned about traffic and parking, but also about the excessive noise levels, the lengthy event would create. Citizens were outraged when they learned that District officials had ignored laws and regulations requiring an environmental impact assessment for the race, and that Le Mans officials had lied to the city about noise levels.[47] Local citizens were further angered when American Le Mans racing officials reneged on a promise to remove the Jersey barriers outlining the racecourse from stadium parking lots, leaving the unsightly structures behind and preventing the lots from being used for parking.[48] When the American Le Mans organization tried to hold a second race at RFK in 2003, outraged residents successfully forced D.C. officials to cancel the city's 10-year lease with the company (no more races were ever held).[49]

Volunteer service[edit]

  • On January 19, 2009, the day before the Presidential Inauguration, A Day Of Service for Our Military was held at RFK Stadium as a part of the Martin Luther King Jr. National Day of Service. This was a joint operation by Serve DC and Operation Gratitude. At this event, 12,000 volunteers made over 80,000 care packages for American Troops overseas.[50]

Washington Hall of Stars[edit]

During the Redskins' tenure, the Washington Hall of Stars was displayed on a series of white-and-red signs hung in a ring around the stadium's mezzanine, honoring D.C. sports greats from various sports. With the reconfiguration of the stadium, it was replaced by a series of dark-green banners over the center-field and right-field fences in order to make room for out-of-town scoreboards and advertising signage. There are 15 separate panels honoring 82 figures. Nationals Park also hosts a smaller version of the display.

To the right of Panel 15 are four banners honoring D.C. United's MLS Cup wins: 1996, 1997, 1999 and 2004. To the right of these banners is D.C. United's "Tradition of Excellence" banner, which honors John Harkes and Marco Etcheverry. To the left of those banners are four banners honoring D.C. United's MLS Supporters Shield wins: 1997, 1999, 2006 and 2007.

Public transportation[edit]

RFK Stadium is within a half-mile and easily accessible from the Stadium-Armory station of the Washington Metro. The station is served by the Blue, Orange, and Silver Lines. It is also served directly by Metrobus lines B2, D6, E32 (at Eastern High School), 96 and 97.

Food vendors[edit]

RFK Stadium is home to such eateries as:

  • Forescore Grill
  • The Diamond Club
  • Dominic's of New York
  • Stars and Stripes Brew
  • Red, Hot & Blue BBQ
  • AR Seafood
  • Cantina Marina

Tenants[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

‡ Part-time

In Popular Culture[edit]

In the 2014 superhero film, X-Men: Days of Future Past, the super villain, Magneto, uses his powers to levitate the stadium, and drops it around the White House, for use as a barrier, during the film's climax.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Robert F.Kennedy Memorial Stadium". Ballpark Tour. Archived from the original on April 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  3. ^ AT&T Nation's Football Classic
  4. ^ DeBonis, Mike (August 2, 2013). "City Will Study RFK Stadium Options in Wake of Soccer Deal". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ Patterson, Chip (May 20, 2013). "Military Bowl Moving to Annapolis, Adds Conference USA for '13". CBS Sports. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ Romano, Ross (September 24, 2007). "Nats Move From Halfway House to Home". GW Hatchet. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ Cooper, Rebecca (November 27, 2013). "Events D.C. Looks at Next Steps for RFK". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ Sernovitz, Daniel J. (August 18, 2014). "Events D.C. to Award Contract for RFK Memorial Stadium Master Plan". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
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