RIS (file format)
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RIS is a standardized tag format developed by Research Information Systems, Incorporated (the format name refers to the company) to enable citation programs to exchange data. It is supported by a number of reference managers. Many digital libraries, like IEEE Xplore, Scopus, the ACM Portal, Scopemed, ScienceDirect, and SpringerLink, can export citations in this format.
The RIS file format — two letters, two spaces and a dash — is a tagged format for expressing bibliographic citations. According to the specifications, the lines must end by the ASCII carriage return and line feed characters. Note that this is the convention on Microsoft Windows, while in other contemporary operating systems, particularly Unix, end of line is typically marked by line feed only.
This is an example of how the article "Claude E. Shannon. A mathematical theory of communication. Bell System Technical Journal, 27:379–423, July 1948" would be expressed in the RIS file format:
TY - JOUR AU - Shannon,Claude E. PY - 1948/07// TI - A Mathematical Theory of Communication JO - Bell System Technical Journal SP - 379 EP - 423 VL - 27 ER -
Excerpt of main RIS tags. Except for TY and ER, order of tags is free.
TY - Type of reference (must be the first tag) A2 - Secondary Author (each author on its own line preceded by the tag) A3 - Tertiary Author (each author on its own line preceded by the tag) A4 - Subsidiary Author (each author on its own line preceded by the tag) AB - Abstract AD - Author Address AN - Accession Number AU - Author (each author on its own line preceded by the tag) C1 - Custom 1 C2 - Custom 2 C3 - Custom 3 C4 - Custom 4 C5 - Custom 5 C6 - Custom 6 C7 - Custom 7 C8 - Custom 8 CA - Caption CN - Call Number CY - Place Published DA - Date DB - Name of Database DO - DOI DP - Database Provider EP - End Page ET - Edition IS - Number J2 - Alternate Title (this field is used for the abbreviated title of a book or journal name) KW - Keywords (keywords should be entered each on its own line preceded by the tag) L1 - File Attachments (this is a link to a local file on the users system not a URL link) L4 - Figure (this is also meant to be a link to a local file on the users's system and not a URL link) LA - Language LB - Label M1 - Number M3 - Type of Work N1 - Notes NV - Number of Volumes OP - Original Publication PB - Publisher PY - Year RI - Reviewed Item RN - Research Notes RP - Reprint Edition SE - Section SN - ISBN/ISSN SP - Start Page ST - Short Title T1 - Primary Title T2 - Secondary Title T3 - Tertiary Title TA - Translated Author TI - Title TT - Translated Title UR - URL VL - Volume Y2 - Access Date ER - End of Reference (must be the last tag)
Type of reference
Type of reference preceded by the TY - tag can abbreviated as follows:
ABST - Abstract ADVS - Audiovisual material AGGR - Aggregated Database ANCIENT - Ancient Text ART - Art Work BILL - Bill BLOG - Blog BOOK - Whole book CASE - Case CHAP - Book chapter CHART - Chart CLSWK - Classical Work COMP - Computer program CONF - Conference proceeding CPAPER - Conference paper CTLG - Catalog DATA - Data file DBASE - Online Database DICT - Dictionary EBOOK - Electronic Book ECHAP - Electronic Book Section EDBOOK - Edited Book EJOUR - Electronic Article ELEC - Web Page ENCYC - Encyclopedia EQUA - Equation FIGURE - Figure GEN - Generic GOVDOC - Government Document GRANT - Grant HEAR - Hearing ICOMM - Internet Communication INPR - In Press JFULL - Journal (full) JOUR - Journal LEGAL - Legal Rule or Regulation MANSCPT - Manuscript MAP - Map MGZN - Magazine article MPCT - Motion picture MULTI - Online Multimedia MUSIC - Music score NEWS - Newspaper PAMP - Pamphlet PAT - Patent PCOMM - Personal communication RPRT - Report SER - Serial publication SLIDE - Slide SOUND - Sound recording STAND - Standard STAT - Statute THES - Thesis/Dissertation UNPB - Unpublished work VIDEO - Video recording
- The origin of the name RIS was obtained via email from Henry Johnson, a Customer Technical Representative at Scientific Thomson Reuters. Research Information Systems was owned by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI). RIS, the creators of Reference Manager which had also previously bought ProCite from Personal Bibliographic Software Inc, merged with Niles software, the creators of EndNote. The result of the merger was the creation of ISI ResearchSoft, a subsidiary of Thomson Reuters, which produces Reference Manager, EndNote and ProCite. Email date 7/3/08.
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