RMS Cedric

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RMS Cedric.jpg
RMS Cedric
Career
Name: RMS Cedric
Operator: White Star Line
Port of registry: Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Route: Liverpool to New York
Builder: Messrs Harland and Wolff Ltd, Belfast
Launched: 21 August 1902
Maiden voyage: 11 February 1903
Homeport: Liverpool
Fate: Sold to Thos. W. Ward and scrapped at Inverkeithing in 1932
General characteristics
Tonnage: 21,073 GT (gross tonnage)
Length: 700 ft (213.4 m) o/a
Beam: 73 ft (22.3 m)
Depth: 44 ft (13.4 m)
Decks: 5
Installed power: 14,000 ihp (10,000 kW)
Propulsion: 2 × 4-cylinder quadruple expansion reciprocating steam engines
2 × screws
Speed: 17 kn (20 mph; 31 km/h)
Capacity: 1,223 passengers
Crew: 486 officers and crew
Notes: Ship colours: black hull with gold line, red boot-topping, upper works white, funnels buff with black tops

RMS Cedric was laid down in 1902 at the shipyard of Harland and Wolff, Belfast. RMS Cedric was the second of White Star's series known as the "Big Four", the other three being RMS Celtic, Baltic and Adriatic. Celtic was the first ship to exceed Brunel's SS Great Eastern in overall tonnage, which was quite an accomplishment, considering Brunel's giant ship held the size record for almost 40 years. Except for the Adriatic all of these in turn, when built, would be the largest ship in the world for a short time. RMS Cedric was a 21,035-gross ton ship, 700 ft (210 m) long and 75 ft 3.6 in (22.951 m) abeam, with two funnels, four masts, two propellers and a service speed of 16 kn (18 mph; 30 km/h). There was accommodation for 365 first-, 160 second- and 2352 third-class passengers. She was launched on 21 August 1902, and RMS Cedric commenced her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York on 11 February 1903. This was the only route on which she was ever used, although Cedric was also sometimes used for winter cruises to the Mediterranean.

Trans-Atlantic service[edit]

For the next 11 years the ship plied the Atlantic crossing without any major incident. When the RMS Titanic sank in April 1912, Cedric was in New York and the ship's departure was delayed until the RMS Carpathia arrived with survivors, including crew members not required for the court of inquiry, who wished to travel back to Liverpool. However, Cedric had to sail without any of Titanic's survivors or crew due to their mandated appearances for testimony at the U.S. inquiry. Her last voyage on the Liverpool-New York service started on 21 October 1914 after which she was requisitioned for war service, and she was then converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Cedric was decommissioned in 1916, and then she was converted into a troopship for operation initially to Egypt and then to the U.S. In April 1917, her operation came under the auspices of the Liner Requisition Scheme. On 29 January 1918, Cedric collided with and sank the Canadian Pacific ship Montreal off Morecambe Bay. Montreal was taken in tow, but she sank the next day 14 mi (12 nmi; 23 km) from the Mersey Bar lightship. Cedric was returned to her owner in September 1919 and refitted by Harland & Wolff. She was refitted to accommodate 347 first-, 250 second- and 1000 third-class passengers. She resumed Liverpool–New York voyages. On 30 September 1923, Cedric collided with the RMS Scythia of the Cunard Line in Queenstown (Cobh) harbour during dense fog. Neither vessel was seriously damaged. On 23 October 1926, she was again altered to cabin, tourist and third class. Her last Liverpool–New York sailing commenced on 5 September 1931 and she was sold later the same year, for £22,150 to Thomas W. Ward and scrapped at Inverkeithing in 1932.

A transcribed copy of the ships log dated 21 October 1903

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