RMS Strathnaver

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StateLibQld 1 170511 Strathnaver (ship).jpg
RMS Strathnaver in 1937
Career (UK)
Name: RMS Strathnaver;
SS Strathnaver
Namesake: Strathnaver in Sutherland, Scotland
Owner: P&O Flag.png P&O Steam Navigation Co[1]
Operator: P&O Flag.png P&O Steam Navigation Co
Port of registry: United Kingdom London[1]
Route: TilburyBrisbane[2]
Builder: Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow[1]
Yard number: 664[3]
Launched: 5 February 1931[4]
Completed: September 1931[1]
Maiden voyage: 2 October 1931[4]
Homeport: Tilbury
Identification:

UK official number 162619[1]
call sign GRPZ[1]

ICS Golf.svgICS Romeo.svgICS Papa.svgICS Zulu.svg
Fate: scrapped in Hong Kong, 1962[4]
General characteristics
Class & type: "Strath" class ocean liner
Tonnage: 22,283 GRT[1]

12,675 tonnage under deck[1]

13,361 NRT[1]
Length: 638.7 feet (194.7 m)[1]
Beam: 80.2 feet (24.4 m)[1]
Draught: 29 feet 2 inches (8.9 m)[1]
Depth: 33.1 feet (10.1 m)[1]
Installed power: 6,315 NHP[1]
28,000 shp[4]
Propulsion: turbo-electric transmission;
twin screw[1]
Speed: 22 knots (41 km/h)[5]
or 23 knots (43 km/h)[2]
Capacity: as built:
498 1st class, 670 tourist class[4]
after 1948 refit: 1,252 tourist class[4]
Sensors and
processing systems:
direction finding equipment,[1]
echo sounding device,[1]
gyrocompass[1]
Notes: sister ship: RMS Strathaird[1]

RMS Strathnaver, later SS Strathnaver, was an ocean liner of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O).

She was the first of five sister ships in what came to be called the "Strath" class. All previous P&O steamships had black-painted hulls and funnels but Strathnaver and her sisters were painted with white hulls and buff funnels,[6][7] which earnt them the nickname "The Beautiful White Sisters"[2] or just "The White Sisters". Strathnaver and her sister ship RMS Strathaird were Royal Mail Ships that worked P&O's regular liner route between Tilbury in Essex, England and Brisbane in Queensland, Australia.[2]

Strathnaver remained in service for just over 30 years, being scrapped in 1962.

Building[edit]

RMS Strathnaver '​s port lifeboats in their davits in 1934

The Vickers-Armstrong shipyard at Barrow-in-Furness built all five "Strath" class liners.[1] Strathnaver was launched on 5 February 1931,[4] completed in September 1931[1] and left Tilbury on her maiden voyage on 2 October.[4]

In 1929 P&O had introduced its first large turbo-electric liner, RMS Viceroy of India. The company chose the same propulsion system for Strathnaver and Strathaird, but the "Straths" were slightly larger ships, their turbo-electric equipment was much more powerful[1] and they were about 3 knots (5.6 km/h) faster than Viceroy of India.

Strathnaver and Strathaird were very similar. Each had four water-tube boilers and two auxiliary boilers.[1] The boilers had a combined heating surface of 56,000 square feet (5,203 m2) and supplied steam at 425 lbf/in2 to two turbo generators.[1] These supplied current to two electric motors with a combined rating of 6,315 NHP[1] or 28,000 shp.[4] British Thomson-Houston of Rugby, Warwickshire built the turbo-generators and motors.[1] The motors drove a pair of inward-rotating[4] screw propellers.[1] Strathnaver and Strathaird had three funnels but only the middle one served as a smoke stack: the first and third funnels were dummies.[2]

Strathnaver and Strathaird were each equipped with direction finding equipment, an echo sounding device and a gyrocompass[1] As built, Strathnaver had accommodation for 498 first class and 668 tourist class passengers and 476 crew.[8] In first class the ship had 262 single-berth rooms with the rest double-berthed, a special suite on "D" deck had 12 de luxe cabins each with a private bathroom.[9] The tourist-class cabins were either two or four-berthed.[9]

The ship was launched at Barrow on 5 February 1931 by Lady Janet Bailey, daughter of Lord Inchcape, the Chairman of P&O.[8]

Service[edit]

RMS Strathnaver in Lisbon in 1934
RMS Strathnaver departs Sydney Harbour in 1936

Strathnaver and Strathaird mostly worked the TilburyBrisbane route[2] via the Suez Canal.[10] They also undertook occasional cruises.[2]

In October 1938 the ship was chartered to move 1,200 British troops from India to Palestine.[11]

In 1939[10] or 1940[4] the two sisters were requisitioned as troop ships. Strathnaver '​s war service included bringing Australian and New Zealand troops to Suez and Allied troops to the Anzio landings.[4] She remained a troop ship until November 1948, when she was returned to P&O.[4] In her nine years of government service she carried 129,000 troops and travelled 352,000 miles.[11]

P&O had Harland and Wolff in Belfast refit her for civilian service. First class was abolished and all accommodation was made tourist class, which slightly increased total passenger capacity from 1,168 to 1,252.[4][clarification needed] The dummy first and third funnels were removed,[4] which made Strathnaver look more like her later sisters Stratheden, Strathallan and Strathmore. Strathaird had already had her dummy funnels removed in 1947.[10] When she returned to service in 1950 she had accommodation for 567 passengers in first-class and 458 in tourist-class.[12]

Originally planned to be retired in mid-1962 the Strathnaver was retired a few months earlier due to an Australian government decision not to reserve any more berths for migrants in the first five-months of 1962.[13] P&O sold Strathnaver and Strathaird for scrap to Shun Fung Ironworks of Hong Kong.[4][10] Strathnaver arrived in Hong Kong in April 1962 on her last voyage.[14] Canberra replaced both Strathnaver and Strathaird on the Australia route.[10]

Stern view of RMS Strathnaver

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Lloyd's Register of Shipping. London: Lloyd's Register. 1937. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Talbot-Booth 1942, p. 397
  3. ^ "Strathnaver". Shipspotting.com. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "R.M.S. Strathnaver in Simon's Town". Simon's Town Archives. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Harnack 1938, p. 560.
  6. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, p. 534.
  7. ^ Harnack 1938, p. 559.
  8. ^ a b "P. And O. Liner Launched" The Times (London). 6 February 1931. p. 11.
  9. ^ a b "The Strathnaver" The Times (London). 5 September 1931. p. 7.
  10. ^ a b c d e Goossens, Reuben (2011–2012). "RMS Strathaird". P&O Line. SS Maritime. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "News in Brief" The Times (London). 10 October 1938. p. 14.
  12. ^ "Strathnaver Back In Service" The Times (London). 4 January 1950. p. 2.
  13. ^ "Two Liners To Be Broken Up" The Times (London). 12 December 1961. p. 6.
  14. ^ "News in Brief" The Times (London). 3 April 1962. p. 10.

References[edit]

  • Harnack, Edwin P (1938) [1903]. All About Ships & Shipping (7th ed.). London: Faber and Faber. 
  • Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd.